ARCHIVE Past Digital Additions 2022

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 00: ARCHIVE
ARCHIVE Past Digital Additions

ARCHIVE Past Digital Additions 2022

The ARCHIVE Past Digital Additions 2022 is used to store former months of pages that had been updated or newly published on the PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL COLLECTIONS website in 2022. The list is in reverse chronological order.

Go to: WHAT’S NEW Latest Digital Additions for the most recent entries.
ARCHIVE Past Digital Additions 2020-2021 for older entries.


ARCHIVE Past Digital Additions 2022

SEPTEMBER 2022

9/26 OTTA MAE BURGAN Student – Brief biography of Otta Mae Burgan who, along with her sister, Wilma Burgan, was a boarding school student at Pine Mountain Settlement School in the early 1940s.

09/25 EDWIN AND GRACE MARY BLASHFIELD Friends – Images and brief biographies of two generous donors to PMSS through their bequests in 1948. Edwin Howard Blashfield (1848-1936) was a famed muralist and Grace Mary Hall Blashfield (1869-1947), a writer.

09/09 RICHARD ELLIOTT Student Records – Contents and images (RESTRICTED) of a student who attended PMSS from 1929 to 1930.

09/08 RAY BANKS Student – Brief biography of one of three brothers who were PMSS students in the 1940s, primarily based on his self-evaluation letters to his parents.
09/06 RAY BANKS Student Records – Images and contents of self-evaluation letters from a PMSS student to his parents, dated 1944-1945.

09/04 RUBY ETHEL HAMILTON Student – Biography of a student from the coal town of Hot Spot who attended PMSS in 1935-1936.
09/03 RUBY ETHEL HAMILTON Student Records –  Images and contents of correspondence with Director Glyn Morris and school records (RESTRICTED) for a PMSS student, 1935-1936.

09/02 JOHN WAGERS Student – Brief biography of a student who attended Pine Mountain Settlement School for a short time in 1925.
09/02 JOHN WAGERS Student Records
 – Images and list of contents of John Wager’s mother’s correspondence with Katherine Pettit concerning his entrance and departure from PMSS in 1925.

09/01 ROXIE AND BEATRICE GAMBREL Students – Brief biographies of sisters from Twila, Kentucky, who attended PMSS from 1946 until the closing of the boarding school.

AUGUST 2022

8/29 ROXIE AND BEATRICE GAMBREL Student Records – Images and contents of Beatrice’s application to attend PMSS, Home and Parents Record, letters to her parents, and student records (RESTRICTED). Her sister, Roxie Gambrel, was included in the Home and Parents Record. Both were PMSS students in the late 1940s.

8/27 ROXIE GAMBREL Student Records – Images and contents of the PMSS application, letters to parents, and student records (RESTRICTED) of a PMSS student who attended Pine Mountain Settlement School from 1946 to 1949.

8/23 BONNIE AYERS SHAW Student – Images and biography of a PMSS boarding school student, 1939-1942, one of six sisters who attended Pine Mountain Settlement School.
8/15 BONNIE AYERS SHAW Correspondence – Contents and images of the letters of Bonnie Ayers, dated 1939-1947, one of six Ayers sisters who attended PMSS.

8/14 FRED BAKER Student – Biography and images of Fred Baker, a student who attended PMSS from 1947 until 1949 when the boarding school ended.
8/14 FRED BAKER Correspondence – Images and contents of self-evaluation letters dated 1947-1949 from PMSS student Fred Baker to his parents.

8/12 EVA DALE ADAMS Student – Biography of a boarding school student at Pine Mountain Settlement School who graduated in 1945.
8/12 EVA DALE ADAMS Correspondence – Images & contents of two self-evaluation letters from a PMSS student to her parents in May & December 1944.

8/6 STUDENTS – Links to pages with student photographs, activities, and lists of names of those who have attended Pine Mountain Settlement School during the Boarding School and the Community School years.

8/5 PUBLICATIONS PMSS EPHEMERA William Creech Founder – Images and transcription of a 9-page promotional brochure, featuring “Uncle William’s Reasons” and photographs, c. 1929.

8/2 PUBLICATIONS PMSS EPHEMERA Pine Mountain Settlement Inc. 3-Fold – Images and transcription of a flyer promoting PMSS mission, using the words of Uncle William Creech, founder, c. 1915.

8/2 PUBLICATIONS PMSS Ephemera Guide – Images and chronological list of links to PMSS ephemera and small publications produced by Pine Mountain Settlement School.

8/2 PUBLICATIONS PMSS Ephemera – Introduction, history, and definition of one-time stand-alone PMSS publications not necessarily associated with serial publications.

8/1 (UPDATED) PUBLICATIONS PMSS “Pine Mountain Ears” 1953 – Images of staff newsletters published by PMSS and containing Community School staff, student, and visitor news, May through July, 1953. A list of contents of the newsletters has been added.

JULY 2022

7/29 RELIGION PMSS Records of Church Memberships Baptisms Weddings I – Images and list of contents of church records, largely documented by Edith Cold, Grace Rood, and Margaret Nace. Also on this page is a full transcription of Edith Cold’s narrative. “A Résumé of the Activities of Church Committees, 1941-1944.” This is part 1 (1941-1946) of a two-part series.
7/30 RELIGION PMSS Records of Church Memberships Baptisms Weddings II – Part 2, covering 1947-1950, and two letters dated 1951 and 1964.

7/27 PUBLICATIONS PMSS EPHEMERA Donor Appeal c.1913-1914 – Images and description of one of the earliest support appeals, outlining PMSS’s mission and educational goals and listing the General Advisory Board members.

7/25 MARGUERITE EMERSON Correspondence – Images and list of contents of letters dated 1926-1929 between Emerson and the directors, Katherine Pettit and Ethel de Long Zande, regarding management of Model Home (Practice House or Country Cottage) at PMSS.

7/23 WILLIAM GUS HOWARD Student – Biography and images of a boarding student at Pine Mountain Settlement School, Harlan County, KY, 1946-1949.
7/21 WILLIAM GUS HOWARD Photographs – Images of photographs taken by William (Billy) Gus Howard of classmates and staff. Although many of the subjects remain unidentified, the photographs provide a glimpse of campus life in the late 1940s, the last years of the boarding school.

7/15 HARRIET BUTLER Correspondence – Images and list of contents of letters dated 1921-1929 between Butler, a PMSS nurse from 1919-1924, and others during the early days of the Medical Settlement at Big Laurel, Harlan County, KY

7/10 GLYN MORRIS Correspondence 1941 – Images and list of contents of a letter to Evelyn Wells with a pamphlet titled “Work Camps for High School Youth” and a program for the Youth Guidance Institute in Washington, DC, that took place in February 1941.

7/8 (UPDATED) GOVERNANCE Directors Annual Report to BOT 1937-1938 – Images of a 21-page annual report to Trustees from Director Glyn Morris. A list of contents has been added to this page.

7/2 GOVERNANCE BOT Meeting Minutes 1914 January  – Images and contents list of minutes of the first annual Board of Trustees meeting. [RESTRICTED – NO Public Access to BOT Meeting Minutes]

7/2 GOVERNANCE Directors Annual Reports to BOT 1916 – Images and list of contents of a report of the cornerstone laying for Burkham School House I.

JUNE 2022

06/03 GOVERNANCE Directors Annual Reports to BOT 1930Images and a list of contents of reports to and correspondence with  the PMSS Trustees from the Director of Pine Mountain Settlement School.
06/08 (UPDATED) GOVERNANCE Directors Reports and Letters to BOT 1949 – A list of contents was added.
06/12 GOVERNANCE Directors Reports and Letters to BOT 1944
06/15 GOVERNANCE Directors Reports and Letters to BOT 1943 
06/16 GOVERNANCE Directors Reports and Letters to BOT 1942 
06/19 (UPDATED) GOVERNANCE Directors Annual Reports to BOT 1939 – A list of contents was added.
06/22 GOVERNANCE Directors Annual Reports to BOT 1915
06/25 THOMAS J. MADON Correspondence and Student Records – Images and list of contents of the application, correspondence, and school records for Madon, PMSS student 1931-1937. [Some images are restricted.]
06/29 THOMAS J. MADON Student – A biography of a PMSS student, depicting his growth in dairying and farm work in the early 1930s.

MAY 2022

5/30 (UPDATED) FARM 1938 COMMUNITY Fair Day – Images of the announcement, program, and correspondence related to the 1938 Fair Day at PMSS. A list of contents of the images has been added to this page.

5/29 (UPDATED) FARM 1937 COMMUNITY Fair Day – Images of the program brochure provide a look at the collaboration between PMSS and the community. A list of contents of the images has been added to this page.

5/27 (UPDATED) FARM 1950 COMMUNITY Fair Day – Images of programs, lists, planning notes, and correspondence tells the story of this annual PMSS celebration. A list of contents of the images has been added to this page.

5/25 FARM 2009 COMMUNITY Fair Day – Image and transcription of a page from Fall 2009 issue of PMSS NOTES featuring a photograph and description of that year’s Fair Day.

5/24 (UPDATED) FARM Community Fair Day History – A gallery of FAIR DAY images has been added to this page. These undated photographs, found in an album that belonged to Ethel S. Norton, a teacher at PMSS in 1927, depict displays, participants, and attendees of the celebration in its early days.

5/24 FARM 2008 COMMUNITY Fair Day – Image and transcription of a page from Fall 2008 issue of PMSS NOTES featuring a photograph and description of that year’s Fair Day.

5/24 FARM 2010 COMMUNITY Fair Day – Image and transcription of a page from Fall 2010 issue of PMSS NOTES featuring photographs and descriptions of 2010 Fair Day.

5/22 FARM 1963 COMMUNITY Fair Day – An image and list of contents of a narrative describing the 1963 Community Fair Day at PMSS. The narrative was originally included in a “Dear Friend” fundraising letter written by then-Director Burton Rogers.

5/20 FARM 1946 COMMUNITY Fair Day – Images and notes related to the 1946 Fair Day celebration at Pine Mountain Settlement School.

5/18 EVENTS May Day 1949 – Images and transcription of the program for the last Boarding School dance celebration at PMSS, April 30, 1949, with a list of the typical folk dances performed at this annual event.

5/17 JOHN SHELL (Old John Shell) Community – Biography and a brief genealogy of John Shell, a Leslie County, KY, resident who was once said to be “The Oldest Man in the World.”

5/17 LOCAL HISTORY SCRAPBOOK John Shell Oldest Man in the World – Images and full transcription of two newspaper clippings, dated 1919 and 1920, that were found in a scrapbook in the Archives. One promotes the idea that John Shell was the oldest man in the world and the other debunks it.

5/13 WILLIAM CAUSEY FAMILY Community – William Causey and members of his family were well-known in their community as master furniture and basket makers. This page displays excerpts about them from PMSS Archive papers, a partial genealogy, and images of three generations of the Causey family.

5/9 PUBLICATIONS BY PMSS EPHEMERA 1947 A Glimpse of Pine Mountain – An image and transcription of a promotional flyer for Pine Mountain Settlement School that include photographs and descriptive captions.

5/8 (UPDATED) ARTHUR W. DODD Navajo Wedding 1954 APRIL 3 – A former PMSS boarding school teacher and principal writes about a Navajo wedding he and his wife attended while serving as Principal of Ganado Mission School in Arizona. A transcription of the narrative was added to this page.

5/4 MATTHEW BOGGS Homemakers Crafts 1985 Photos – Photos of the Homemakers Club members attending woodworking class with Master Craftsman, Matt Boggs, at Pine Mountain Settlement School .See Matthew Boggs’ biography here.

APRIL 2022

4/30 LOREN KRAMER Education Planning With Toppy – Images and transcription of Loren’s writing on future possibilities for the PMSS education program, written in 1969 and 1970, including early consideration of Environmental Education. Toppy, his wife, added her own thoughts. Both taught in the PMSS community school from 1968 to 1970. See Loren Kramer’s biography here.

Charlie and Joyce Whitaker taught elementary school from 1956 to 1965, during the community school era at Pine Mountain Settlement School. The following sets of letters were part of a collection of papers related to Pine Mountain during the 1950s and 1960s, donated by Loren Kramer in 2022. See the Whitakers’ biographies here.
4/28 CHARLIE AND JOYCE WHITAKER Correspondence Set 3 – Images and transcription of letters dated May 25, 1966 – May 27, 1971.
4/26 CHARLIE AND JOYCE WHITAKER Correspondence Set 2 – Images and transcription of letters dated November 16, 1959 – May 24, 1966.
4/26 CHARLIE AND JOYCE WHITAKER Correspondence Set 1 – Images and transcription of letters dated August 28, 1956, and January 11,1957, to November 24, 1959.

4/24 LOREN KRAMER 1969-1970 In the Classroom 6th Grade – A class roster of Loren Kramer’s sixth grade students at Green Hills School, Harlan County, Kentucky, during the school year 1969-1970. [PASSWORD PROTECTED]

4/22 NANCY SATHER Correspondence 1969 Educational Planning – When then-Director Burton Rogers asked the staff for their thoughts on the future of PMSS educational programs, Nancy Sather responded by recommending Environmental Education. This page contains images and a transcription of her writing on this subject.

4/22 (UPDATED) MARY ROGERS Uncle William’s Mandate to Pine Mountain – Images of a planning document submitted by Mary Rogers for environmental education programming at Pine Mountain Settlement School, prepared in October of 1969. A full transcription of the document was added to this page.

4/22 LOREN KRAMER 1970 First Earth Day at Pine Mountain Settlement School – Transcriptions and a list of links to writings & images related to planning for the first Earth Day at PMSS.

4/20 [UPDATED] GLYN MORRIS 1934 Correspondence with Alice Cobb, his secretary, and others, when PMSS Director Morris took an extended leave, revealing the day-to-day activity and concerns of the campus in 1934 as handled from afar. An image and a list of contents was added to this page.

4/15 GOVERNANCE BOT 1931 Correspondence – Images and list of contents of letters relating to the consideration and confirmation of Glyn Morris’s appointment as PMSS Director.

4/12 GOVERNANCE 1932 Directors Reports and Letter to BOT – Director Glyn Morris updates the PMSS Board of Trustees on the progress of the School in monthly reports. He also describes the School’s financial situation and seeks support from the Board. This page includes a May 1933(?) report on the previous academic year (1932-1933).

4/10 LIME KILN Processing – Images and description of the history, processing, and benefits of lime. Early eastern Kentucky farmers, including those at Pine Mountain Settlement School, burned limestone gathered from the mountains in hand-built kilns. The resultant lime was added to soil to correct acidity.

4/5 JOHN AND VIRGIL STEPHENS Students – Biographies of two brothers from Twila, Kentucky, who attended PMSS boarding school for a short time in the mid-1930s.
4/5 VIRGIL STEPHENS Correspondence – Images and list of contents of Virgil Stephens’ application to attend PMSS and his correspondence with then-director Glyn Morris, dated 1935-1936.

4/1 GRACE FENG LIU Correspondence – Images and a list of contents of letters related to the hiring of Grace Feng to work as a nurse at the PMSS Infirmary in the summer of 1943, while head nurse, Grace Rood, was on vacation. Miss Feng returned to do the same in 1944 and again in 1945 to marry Ts’ui Chieh Liu in the Chapel. Though her Pine Mountain stays were brief, her presence was long felt at Pine Mountain, bringing light to all who knew her. See her biography here.

MARCH 2022

3/31 CLYDE EDWARD ENIX Correspondence – Images and a list of contents of a 1996 Christmas card and notes taken by Esther Weller Burkhard during later phone calls with Clyde Enix, dated 1999-2002. Clyde was a PMSS student (1933-1935) who was a lifetime friend of Fred j. and Esther Burkhard, who had been his teachers at Pine Mountain. See his biography here.

3/25 [UPDATED] GLYN MORRIS 1942 Harlan County Planning Council – Images and transcription of an edited draft of minutes by PMSS Director Morris, Council Secretary, recording a meeting concerning delinquent youth.

3/22 WEST WIND As Hospital – Built in 1940 as a girls’ dormitory, the building replaced the Infirmary as the campus hospital, known as the Creech Memorial Hospital, 1949-1958.

3/16 BUILT ENVIRONMENT Architectural Planning Laurel House I – Blueprint data of the first Laurel House, designed by Mary Rockwell Hook; photographs of Laurel House I construction, 1914.

3/15 BUILT ENVIRONMENT Architectural Planning West Wind Addition – Blueprint data of the second floor addition, 1945, designed by Mary Rockwell Hook; photographs of West Wind construction, 1941.

3/15 BUILT ENVIRONMENT Architectural Planning Big Log – Images of 1913 blueprints of the first PMSS building, designed by Mary Rockwell Hook; photographs of Big Log construction, 1913-1915.

3/11 MEDICAL 1921 Nurse Recruitment Correspondence –  Letters dated 1921 among co-directors, Mrs. Zande and Miss Pettit, applicants for a PMSS nurse position, and those assisting with the recruitment.

3/9 GLYN MORRIS TALKS Harlan Kiwanis Club –  At the invitation of Board member Dr. Bailey, Morris asks for funding for the PMSS Nurse Aid Group.

3/3 [REVISION] PMSS Song Ballads and Other Songs 1923 – Images  of a 125-page songbook that was used by workers and students in the early years of the School to learn and preserve the ballads, folk songs, and chanteys of the surrounding community. The images display an index of titles, a list of sources of the songs, the full text of each song, and an index of first lines of the songs. A list of contents has been added to this page which includes the songs’ image numbers, enabling the viewer to find a particular song in the Galleries.

FEBRUARY 2022

2/24 JOHN T. HARBER Student – Biography of  John T. (“J.T.”) Harber and his brother, Ted Clarence Harber, who attended Pine Mountain Settlement School for a short time in 1936-1937.
2/24 JOHN T. HARBER Student Record – Images and contents of  John T. Harber’s application and correspondence, 1936-1937. SOME IMAGES ARE RESTRICTED.

2/19 ALICE COBB Reference and Correspondence 1930s – This page provides a list of contents and images of a 1932 completed reference form for Alice Cobb and her letter to Lucy S. Furman concerning her application for a PMSS position. (Miss Cobb was hired in 1932 and worked as a PMSS secretary, teacher, and publicist for the next 20 years. She also served as a  trustee in the 1980s.)

2/18 [UPDATED] DRAMA H.M.S. Pinafore Productions – Images of programs and photos of the  Gilbert and Sullivan operetta, presented by PMSS students and staff in 1933, 1935 [NEW ADDITION], and 1940.

2/6 JOHN A. SPELMAN III ‘The Pink Ribbon’ A Play: – Images and transcription of a one-act play script by John A. Spelman III, a PMSS art instructor & artist from 1937 until August 1941.

JANUARY 2022

01/30 GLYN MORRIS ?date UCEA Beyond Accreditation – Images and full transcription of a talk by Glyn Morris, PMSS Director, presented at Upper Cumberland Educational Association at Uniion College, Barbourville KY,  c. 1937.

01/28 GLYN MORRIS n.d. “A Challenge for Today” – Images and transcription of an abridged 1942 PMSS Chapel talk by Glyn Morris.

01/22 PINE CONE 1934 May – Images & list of contents of the May 1934 student publication, The Pine Cone (Commencement Edition), featuring student essays, editorials, campus events, and local and world news. For links to other issues, go to PINE CONE Index.

01/21 CHAPEL Holtkamp Organ – A brief history of the unique Holtkamp Organ installed in the Chapel in 1936 as a gift from Charlotte F. Hedges and Jesse Munger, her niece. Also included on the page are images of correspondence, a list of contents of the correspondence, and images of the Holtkamp Organ through the years.

01/19 [REVISION] GLYN MORRIS 1940 General Statement of History and Philosophy of PMSS for Staff – Images of the PMSS director’s 1940 18-page statement of the School’s history and philosophy. A full transcription of Morris’s statement has been added to this page. (See 1/18/2022 below.)

01/18 [REVISION] ARTHUR W. DODD 1946 GENERAL STATEMENT OF HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF PMSS FOR STAFF – Images of the PMSS school principal’s 1946 seven-page revision of Glyn Morris’s 1940 statement. A full transcription of Dodd’s statement has been added to this page. (See 1/19/2022 above.)

01/14 [REVISION] ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE Road Correspondence 1917 – A list of contents has been added to this page, summarizing the PMSS co-director’s fundraising letters for the Pine Mountain Road (Laden Trail) construction.

01/14 LAND USE 1911 Wm. Creech Donor Land Swap Survey: Images & transcription of a survey for swapping Greasy Fork Coal  & Timber Co. to Kentweva Coal & Lumber Co., in preparation for William Creech’s donation of land to Pine Mountain Settlement School.

01/13 LAND USE Planning and Site Indenture 1913 – Image and transcription of a Site Indenture document ,dated 1913, for land transfer to PMSS from William Creech.

01/13 LAND USE Report on Proposed Pine Mt. School Site 1913: Report on the adequacy of the proposed PMSS site, written by Katherine Pettit in 1913.

01/12 DOROTHY NACE Color Slides of PMSS 1945-1956 – Images of slides depicting Community School students, the campus, and the surrounding community, which were used for development purposes.

01/09 [REVISION] ADMIN GENERAL 1930-33 Marchbanks Press Correspondence – A list of contents has been added, summarizing the letters between PMSS and The Marchbanks Press, NYC, the printer of the Notes of the Pine Mountain Settlement School and other items for the School in early 1930s.

01/07 Images and lists of their contents of letters dated 1916-1920 related to the construction of the Road over Pine Mountain (also known as the Laden Trail road). The letters describe interactions between PMSS Co-director Ethel de Long Zande and other PMSS staff with commissioners, engineers, judges, attorneys, surveyors, the L&N Railroad superintendent, a lumber company, the State Board of Control, the county treasurer, reformatory wardens, and others. (Road correspondence for 1917 is currently IN PROGRESS.)

CELIA CATHCART 1916 Road Correspondence
CELIA CATHCART 1918 Road Correspondence
CELIA CATHCART 1919 Road Correspondence I
CELIA CATHCART 1919 Road Correspondence II
CELIA CATHCART 1920 Road Correspondence I
CELIA CATHCART 1920 Road Correspondence II


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WHAT’S NEW Latest Digital Additions for the most recent entries.

ARCHIVE Past Digital Additions 2020-2021 for older entries.