Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 17: PMSS Publications (Published by the School)


Guide to Literature by PMSS:

This Guide to Literature by PMSS provides the following INDEX to each serial publication:











Guide to Literature by PMSS:

See also the following non-periodic publications:


1915 Pine Mountain Settlement School in the Making

Experiences in Consumer Cooperation at PMSS, 1940-41 ….

The History of the Pine Mountain Settlement School: The Clothing of an Idea with Substance

A Lesson in Civicsby Everett K. Wilson

The Pine Mountain Storyby Mary Rogers

The Pine Mountain Album 1913-1963 by Mary Rogers

Pine Mountain Nativity Play

Pine Mountain Mummer’s Play

Pine Mountain Song Ballads and Other Songs, 1923

PMSS Workbook for Students of Printing

Guide to Literature by PMSS:
History of Periodical and Ephemeral Publications by PMSS

Spring 1999, page 1. PMSS_notes_1999_spring_0011.jpg

Spring 1999, page 1. PMSS_notes_1999_spring_0011.jpg

The LITERATURE BY PMSS is very rich and deep. It is represented by LETTERS TO THE BOARD, ADVISORY & FRIENDSCATALOGS, BULLETINSCALENDARS, and the annual NOTES FROM THE PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL, all mailed to a large mailing list. The literary publications of students such as PINE CONE and CONIFER, were newspapers, newsletters, and literary publications intended for the Pine Mountain School community. This material, largely printed during the Boarding School years of the 1930s and 1940s, represents another phase of the School’s evolution and a body of literature that captures the life of students. The NOTES FROM THE PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL continues to be written, printed and mailed to friends of the School and represents nearly 100 years of the institution’s history.

Literature associated with programs at the School and that has no periodic publication — essentially “ephemera” — is another genre of literature. For example, the educational GUIDANCE INSTITUTES that were conducted during Director Glyn Morris‘s years and after form a large body of material on progressive education from the 1930s through the early 1950s. This body of literature will be of particular interest to educators. The POLICY AND PROCEDURE manuals of the institution are also interesting as they chart the many changes in both local and national culture and patterns of religious belief and politics In the region. The CO-OP literature is a valuable record of service learning and outlines the cooperative store that was an integral part of the educational program of the Boarding School.

Considerable ephemeral literature provides information on the non-sectarian Chapel and Vesper services, the Nativity Play, May Day, Fair Day, Dogwood Breakfast, the more recent Lucy Braun workshops and many other community workshops and environmental program events and craft workshops.

The Student Print Shop at PMSS

The creation of a print shop in the early 1930s allowed Pine Mountain to professionally print their own material on site. For most of the years until the mid-1930s, the promotional literature and material intended for distribution to the public was printed through commercial companies. A HISTORY OF THE PRINT SHOP can be found through the biographies of those closely associated with printmaking at the School. For example, the biography of AUGUST ANGEL contains much history on the early development of printing at the School.

Title Page -- Workbook for Students of Printing by August Angel, 1942.

Title Page — Workbook for Students of Printing by August Angel, 1942.

When the print shop was established and staffed it also provided industrial training for the students at the School. Students in the boarding school became accomplished at setting type, developing layout and many other skills associated with the occupation of printing including the management of a printing operation. Many students carried their skills into careers. WORKBOOK FOR STUDENTS OF PRINTING was compiled for students to consult and to learn the trade as part of their industrial training and education.

The location of a print shop on campus allowed the School to also provide services for the community and to charge fees for service which brought some revenue to the School. The NOTES FROM THE PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL benefited substantially from the print shop and the improved controls over their publication processes, but it was the student-run newspapers, the PINE CONE and the CONIFER, that fully engaged the student printers, editors and writers. The NOTES, and the student publications could all be quickly moved from the writing to the edit to printed copy and at a reduced cost in both time and money.

The PMSS Communicators and Writers

Communication with an extensive mailing list and donor list was and is critical to the welfare of the institution. There were many good communicators at the School and there were many very good writers at Pine Mountain throughout its history. Evidence of the skill of writers such as Ethel de Long [Zande], Marguerite Butler, Angela Melville, Alice Cobb, Elizabeth Hench, Margaret Motter and Evelyn Wells, abounds in the institutional records.

Pine Cone, 1948 - Cover with woodcut by John Adams Spelman, III

Pine Cone, 1948 – Cover with woodcut by John Adams Spelman, III

During the boarding school era the students also often showed special talent at writing. Many of the students saw dramatic leaps in writing skills while at the Institution. Selections from the student newspaper, the PINE CONE, and from the CONIFER are particularly noteworthy. Another measure of development in writing ability may be found in the portfolios of each student as each was required to write a self-assessment twice a year that was shared with the principal and with their parents. The portfolio was part of their overall assessment, as grades were not given at the institution.

SEE ALSO: PINE CONE Policy Statement, MINERVA M. SPARROW CORRESPONDENCE 1943-1959 (Part I), image and transcription 013.

Literacy Programs at PMSS

The commitment of the School to the challenges of literacy in the Southern Appalachians is still seen in the programming of the School. The SUMMER READING CAMP, held for one week in the summer, is a collaborative program of the School and the Episcopal Diocese of Lexington and Christ Church in Harlan to bring a residential Reading Camp to the Settlement School. The students are identified based on recommendations or on need, and application to the program and funding is determined by donations of money and time by several organizations. The program is described as follows:

The camp is for rising fourth and fifth-grade students who need individual instruction to help them master basic reading skills. Reading Camp is funded in part by the Episcopal Diocese of Lexington, the Berea College Appalachian Fund, the Glenna Rice Reading Camp Fund, individual contributors, and foundation sources.

A recent video produced by the Episcopal Diocese may be found here:

Among the Southern Appalachian Settlement Schools, Pine Mountain and Hindman have shared a common commitment and recognition for their literacy programs. The selections in this website provide evidence of this educational commitment of Pine Mountain School and give testimony to the impact the School has made and is making in the area of literacy education.

Environmental Education 

Various guides and manuals of practice were published for the Environmental Education programs created in the early 1970s. As the program evolved the literature reflected the emphasis of the programming and the leadership. The Green Book was widely distributed in the early years of programming when Pine Mountain led the state of Kentucky in the development of environmental education.

PMSS Environmental Education  Green Book

Education & Health Literacy

Dr. Ida Stapleton - Some Experiences in the life of the Doctor as Mrs. Stapleton has described them in letters to friends. [Rev. Stapleton transcription] lf_stapletons_001.jpg

Dr. Ida Stapleton – Some Experiences in the life of the Doctor as Mrs. Stapleton has described them in letters to friends. [Rev. Stapleton transcription] lf_stapletons_001.jpg

Another area in which the School is particularly strong is the area of HEALTH LITERACY. The narrative reports of the workers in the two settlement extensions of Big Laurel Medical Settlement and the Line Fork Settlement and in the associated writing of most of the workers at these two satellite settlements, particularly the extensive reports of DR. IDA STAPLETON and her husband, the Reverend Robert Stapleton, are rich in anecdotal and clinical detail. The reports of ELIZABETH G. SMITHMABEL MUMFORD, RUTH DENNIS, and others, capture a variety of writing styles and perspectives on health care in the eastern Kentucky mountains.

Instruction in one-room schools in the area of Line Fork (Letcher County) and Big and Little Laurel (Harlan County) was also maintained by Pine Mountain School in the years prior to the institution of public instruction. Pine Mountain cooperated with several small community schools to bring literacy to children in the eastern region of Kentucky. During the first two decades, these programs were supported by the administration of Pine Mountain and later through cooperative programs with state-funded programs in Harlan and Letcher counties. Pine Mountain assisted with their promotional literature and separate brochures were prepared for the two satellite communities.



Line Fork 

Digital Publishing

Pine Mountain Settlement School

Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections