Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 17: PMSS Publications (Published by the School)


TAGS: Publications Guide Pine Mountain, periodicals, non-periodical literature, ephemeral publications, student newspapers, reports, letters, calendars, programs, brochures, histories, songs, workbooks, manuals, educational material, promotional material, print shop, literacy programs

The PUBLICATIONS GUIDE PINE MOUNTAIN is an index to serial and non-periodic literature by PMSS trustees, workers and students. Most of the titles are linked to pages about the publications which can be found on the PMSS Collections website.

PUBLICATIONS GUIDE Pine Mountain: Serial Publications















See also the following non-periodic publications:

BROCHURE 1915 PMSS Appeal to Annual Subscribers

Brochure 1950 PMSS … A Community Center

1915 Pine Mountain Settlement School in the Making

Experiences in Consumer Cooperation at PMSS, 1940-41 

The History of the Pine Mountain Settlement School: The Clothing of an Idea with Substance

A Lesson in Civicsby Everett K. Wilson

NONESUCH – A one-time newsletter (December 1939) printed by students as an alternative to Pine Cone.

The Pine Mountain Story 1913-1980 – by Mary Rogers

The Pine Mountain Album 1913-1963 by Mary Rogers

Pine Mountain Nativity Play

Pine Mountain Mummers Play

Pine Mountain Song Ballads and Other Songs, 1923

PMSS Workbook for Students of Printing

History of Periodical and Ephemeral Publications at PMSS

Spring 1999, page 1. PMSS_notes_1999_spring_0011.jpg
PMSS NOTES, Spring 1999, page 1. [PMSS_notes_1999_spring_0011.jpg]

The Publications produced by Pine Mountain Settlement School is a very rich and diverse body of work. It is represented by material repeated from year to year such as LETTERS TO THE BOARD, ADVISORY & FRIENDSCATALOGS, BULLETINSCALENDARS, NOTES FROM THE PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL, PINE CONE, CONIFER, and other periodicals. Pine Mountain in the early years had an extensive mailing list and the School relied on its outreach for donations and other forms of support.

The literary publications of students, such as PINE CONE and CONIFER, were intended for the Pine Mountain School community. This material, largely printed during the Boarding School years of the 1930s and 1940s, represents a very active phase of the School’s evolution and the body of literature captures the life of students and staff. The NOTES FROM THE PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL continue to be written, printed and mailed to friends of the School and contain a cross-section of over 100 years of the Institution’s history.

Publications associated with programs at the School that have no periodic publication are generally referred to as “ephemera.” E-fem-er-a is a genre of publication that is understood to have a short life and is not published periodically. For example, the educational material prepared for the RURAL YOUTH GUIDANCE INSTITUTE, conducted during Director Glyn Morris‘s years and after, form a large body of material on progressive education from the 1930s through the early 1950s. This body of material is of particular interest to educators and varies from year to year.

The POLICIES AND PROCEDURES manuals of the institution are also interesting as they chart the many changes in both local and national culture and patterns of religious belief and politics In the region. However, they were not produced annually and are varied in content as the School grew and changed. The CO-OP literature is a valuable record of service-learning and industrial training and outlines the operations of the cooperative store that was an integral part of the educational program of the Boarding School.

Considerable ephemeral literature provides information on the non-sectarian Chapel and Vesper services, the Nativity Play, May Day, Fair Day, Dogwood Breakfast, the more recent Lucy Braun workshops and many other community workshops and environmental program events and craft workshops. While some of these publications could be considered periodical, they often were very dissimilar depending on the administration of the School.

The Student Print Shop at PMSS

The creation of a print shop in the early 1930s allowed Pine Mountain to professionally print their own material on site. For most of the years until the mid-1930s, the promotional literature and materials intended for distribution to the public were printed through commercial companies. A history of the print shop can be found in PRINT SHOP and through the biographies of those closely associated with printmaking at the School. For example, the biographies of AUGUST ANGEL and FRED J. BURKHARD contain much history on the early development of printing at the School.

Title Page -- Workbook for Students of Printing by August Angel, 1942.
Title Page — Workbook for Students of Printing by August Angel, 1942.[angel_006.jpg]

When the print shop was established and staffed it also provided industrial training for the students at the School. Students in the boarding school became accomplished at setting type, operating the machines, developing layout and many other skills associated with the occupation of printing including the management of a printing operation. Many students carried their skills into careers. WORKBOOK FOR STUDENTS OF PRINTING was compiled for students to consult and to learn the trade as part of their industrial training and education.

The location of a print shop on campus allowed the School to also provide services for the community and to charge fees for service which brought some revenue to the School. The NOTES FROM THE PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL benefited substantially from the print shop and the improved controls over their publication processes, but it was the student-run newspapers, the PINE CONE and the CONIFER, that fully engaged the student printers, editors and writers. The NOTES and the student publications could all be quickly moved from the writing to the editing to printed copy and at a reduced cost in both time and money.

The PMSS Communicators and Writers

Communication with an extensive mailing list and donor list was and is critical to the welfare of the institution. There were many good communicators at the School and there were many very good writers at Pine Mountain throughout its history. Evidence of the skill of writers such as Ethel de Long [Zande], Marguerite Butler, Angela Melville, Alice Cobb, Elizabeth Hench, Margaret Motter and Evelyn K, Wells abounds in the institutional records.

Pine Cone, 1948 - Cover with woodcut by John Adams Spelman, III
Pine Cone, 1948 – Cover with woodcut by John Adams Spelman III. pinecone_1948_nov_cover.jpg]

During the boarding school era the students also often showed special talent at writing. Many of the students saw dramatic leaps in writing skills while at the Institution. Selections from the student newspaper, the PINE CONE, and from the CONIFER are particularly noteworthy. Another measure of development in writing ability may be found in the portfolios of the students as each was required to write a self-assessment twice a year that was shared with the principal and with their parents. The portfolio was part of their overall assessment, as grades were not given at the institution.

See Also: PINE CONE Policy Statement in MINERVA M. SPARROW CORRESPONDENCE 1943-1959 (Part I), image and transcription 013.

Literacy Programs at PMSS

The commitment of the School to the challenges of literacy in the Southern Appalachians is still seen in the programming of the School. The SUMMER READING CAMP, held for one week in the summer, is a collaborative program of the School and the Episcopal Diocese of Lexington and Christ Church in Harlan to bring a residential Reading Camp to the Settlement School. The students are identified based on recommendations or on need, and application to the program and funding is determined by donations of money and time by several organizations. The program is described as follows:

The camp is for rising fourth and fifth-grade students who need individual instruction to help them master basic reading skills. Reading Camp is funded in part by the Episcopal Diocese of Lexington, the Berea College Appalachian Fund, the Glenna Rice Reading Camp Fund, individual contributors, and foundation sources.

A recent video produced by the Episcopal Diocese may be found here:

Among the Southern Appalachian Settlement Schools, Pine Mountain and Hindman have shared a common commitment and recognition for their literacy programs. The selections in this website provide evidence of this educational commitment of Pine Mountain School and give testimony to the impact the School has made and is making in the area of literacy education.

Environmental Education 

Various guides and manuals of practice were published for the Environmental Education programs created in the early 1970s. As the program evolved the literature reflected the emphasis of the programming and the leadership. The Green Book was widely distributed in the early years of programming when Pine Mountain led the state of Kentucky in the development of environmental education.

PMSS Environmental Education Green Book 1974

Education & Health Literacy

Dr. Ida Stapleton - Some Experiences in the life of the Doctor as Mrs. Stapleton has described them in letters to friends. [Rev. Stapleton transcription] lf_stapletons_001.jpg
Dr. Ida Stapleton – “Some Experiences in the life of the Doctor” as Mrs. Stapleton has described them in letters to friends. (Transcribed by Rev. Stapleton) [lf_stapletons_001.jpg]

Another important area of interest can be found in the two satellite extensions that operated at Big Laurel Medical Settlement and at Line Fork Settlement. Both small settlements were under the direction of Pine Mountain Settlement but were focused on education and health literacy of a specific population.

The areas in which the School is particularly strong is HEALTH LITERACY. The narrative reports of the workers in the two settlement extensions of Big Laurel Medical Settlement and the Line Fork Settlement and in the associated writing of most of the workers at these two satellite settlements, particularly the extensive reports of DR. IDA STAPLETON and her husband, the Reverend Robert Stapleton, are rich in anecdotal and clinical detail. The reports of ELIZABETH G. SMITHMABEL MUMFORD, RUTH DENNIS and others, capture a variety of writing styles and perspectives on health care in the eastern Kentucky mountains and have been gathered under the individual creators and are not considered in the genre of the ephemeral publication.

During the first two decades, the programs at Big Laurel and at Line Fork were supported by the administration of Pine Mountain and later through cooperative programs with state-funded programs in Harlan and Letcher counties. During this quasi-independent period, Pine Mountain assisted with their promotional literature and separate brochures were prepared for the two satellite communities.

See Also:

Digital Publishing (in progress)
Pine Mountain Settlement School – PMSS’s home website.
Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections – Home page for PMSS Collections website.
Dancing in the Cabbage Patch GUIDE – Links to blogs on the PMSS Collections website.