This growing digital record provides an in-depth look at the history of Pine Mountain Settlement School. Located in Harlan County, Kentucky, the School was founded in 1913 by Katherine Pettit, Ethel de Long [Zande], William Creech, and the surrounding Pine Mountain Community. The on-site physical archive is comprised of one-hundred-ten (110) years of institutional records, publications, photographs, in-depth biographical records, as well as historic buildings, furniture, and crafts. The Pine Mountain Settlement School Archive is one of the largest on-site archives documenting the rural settlement school movement in Appalachia.
The rural settlement movement came later than the urban Settlement Movement on which it is based. The Appalachian rural settlement movement has not attracted the attention paid to its urban counterparts such as Jane Addams Hull House experiment in Chicago. The rural movement deserves more attention. This digital archive opens a rich area of historic research that is not just for scholars seeking to explore Appalachian history but for the Community that created and shaped the archive. Over 2,200 digital pages of local, regional, national, and, especially biographical materials, are being made accessible in the online archive.
The Pine Mountain Settlement School collection of digitized material includes in-depth biographies, auto-biographies, family histories, interviews, administrative and governance documents, photographs (1900s – present), book collections, descriptions of arts and crafts, film and video holdings, music, oral histories, and a myriad of other interests and formats. A GUIDE to specific interests is outlined in the ARCHIVE INDEX.
While the materials in this virtual archive detail the rural settlement movement, it is the lens of the earlier and inclusive national movement that gives the material historical depth. The unique individuals and the discreet collections within the Pine Mountain Settlement School archive capture the unique essence of the rural settlement movement ethos that still permeates the surrounding culture. Biographies provide deeply personal points of view that resonate across geographies and sociologies. The diverse materials bring new insight to the ongoing debates and conflicts of “Insiders” and “Outsiders.”
The large and growing digital body of primary documents is a social index of decision-making across administrations, staffing, community relations, cultural differences, regional environmental and social conflicts, rules and regulations, civic responsibility. The primary material captures the social and cultural life of the rural settlement school and its surrounding coal-mining communities. “Remote” — a term so often associated with the rural, takes on a greater significance in the mix of people, ideas, and educational values revealed in the Pine Mountain Settlement School collections.
Remote corners of Harlan County, and the surrounding Central Appalachian communities in Eastern Kentucky, are found reflected in many ways in the records of the disparate rural settlement institutions scattered throughout the Southern Appalachians. Rural communities such as those found in North Carolina, East Tennessee, and West Virginia, are often aggregated into an “Appalachian” rural whole. That whole is debatable. Large urban communities such as those found in Louisville, Lexington, Knoxville, Cincinnati, Asheville, and the Tri-Cities, are often used to draw sharp distinctions regarding their regional “rural” neighbors. The archival collections from Pine Mountain Settlement School’s beginnings in 1913 to the present day, hold both rural and urban viewpoints. Of significant importance is the role of migration on the rural and urban perspectives. The extensive collections of Pine Mountain Settlement School provide a broad investigative field for families, scholars, students, genealogists, and other researchers looking to untangle some of our inherited contemporary questions, bias, myths, and mysteries.
Most documents are available in FULL TEXT & IMAGE. The current online archive of over 2,400 indexed pages is well-supplied with approximately 40,000 photographic images and full-text document images, and transcriptions.
Work is ongoing. Any for profit use of archival material requires permission from the Pine Mountain Settlement School and appropriate citation. Please see USE AGREEMENTS below for details on requesting permission for publication.
Alternatively, you can utilize the search box located below to look up specific topics.
OUR VISION FOR THE PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL ARCHIVE
The Vision of the Pine Mountain Settlement School Archive is to provide a voice that will encourage transformations in individual relationships with the cultures of the Appalachian region. By providing easy access to a unique and extensive body of archival material about the region, the Pine Mountain Settlement School offers an opportunity for an in-depth exploration of one of the earliest rural settlement schools within the Appalachian region. As described in the Kentucky Educational Television program, The Rural Settlement School Movement the essence of the movement is well-described. The transformation of the people of Eastern Kentucky and the Southern Appalachians is a continuously unfolding story. It is a story that has sometimes been misrepresented, romanticized, or only partially understood and described. By providing this online archival access we envision a deep, vibrant, and vital resource that will encourage exploration and collaborative dialogue about the hidden and sometimes contested history of rural settlement schools within the Appalachian milieu. We envision broader dissemination of educational research materials across all public, private, and federal sectors interested in Appalachian cultures and lives. more …
OUR ARCHIVAL MISSION
The Pine Mountain Settlement School archival mission supports and draws from the institutional mission of Pine Mountain Settlement School. It operates under the watchful eye of representative Trustees, many from Berea College. The Board of Trustees guide the institution’s strategic planning goals. The President of Berea College has been a member of the Board of Trustees since 1949.
Today the Pine Mountain Settlement School mission remains true its long 113-year history and is focused on educational and social enrichment programs centered on the local community but serving the broader Appalachian region and beyond. Once a boarding school with a progressive educational curriculum, Pine Mountain Settlement School’s recent educational programming has moved away from residential education to multi-faceted offerings of short-term environmental, cultural, medical, social, agricultural, and arts and crafts workshops and educational programs for all ages. For the duration of its existence, the archive has not moved away from, nor will it move away from, a commitment to Pine Mountain as place and people. more …
To learn more about the School’s current workshops, community interaction, annual events, and other activities, go to PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL MAIN PAGE. There, you will find information about visiting the campus, about lodging, programs, and the process of donating to the School.
Discover the true joy of expressing admiration and affection this Valentine’s Day by reading WWII-era letters between Olive Coolidge, a former assistant nurse at PMSS, and her fiance, Robert Butman.
The letters are from a large collection recently donated by Marcia Butman, the grandniece of Olive Coolidge. Work on organizing and archiving the Coolidge collection and adding much of it to the PMSS Collections website is on-going.
WHAT’S NEW Latest Digital Additions – Lists of pages that have been recently updated or newly published on the PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL COLLECTIONS website.
WHAT’S NEW! – Archive of former previews of promoted pages and posts, 2015-2021.
COMMENTS and CONTACT
Comments and feedback directly on the website are not enabled. Users may contact the editors through the Pine Mountain Settlement School Office.
firstname.lastname@example.org or (606) 558-3571.
We welcome your identification of people and activities on our site and, particularly, corrections to the record. If you hold material related to Pine Mountain Settlement School and wish to DONATE materials to the School, please contact email@example.com or (606) 558-3571 to discuss your donation and the DONOR AGREEMENT.
ARCHIVE Mission Statement (extended)
ABOUT OCR TEXT
Many of the texts included in this site have been automatically generated using Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. In some cases, these texts have not been manually reviewed or corrected.
OCR enables the searching of large quantities of full-text data, but it is not 100% accurate. The level of accuracy depends on the print quality of the original publication and its condition at the time of creation. Publications with poor-quality paper, small print, mixed fonts, multiple-column layouts, or damaged pages may have poor OCR accuracy.
CITATION OF MATERIALS:
Any PUBLIC use of material must properly cite Pine Mountain Settlement School in the following manner: “[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. [date], Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. [date accessed]
The manuscript collections and archival records in the Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections may contain sensitive and/or confidential information derived from historical archives that may be protected under federal and state right-to-privacy laws and regulations. Researchers who wish to publish and users who may share material from the Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections are advised by this notice that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in some collections within the Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. may be a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy if facts concerning an individual’s private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person for which Pine Mountain Settlement School assumes no responsibility.
If you believe that your privacy rights have been invaded please notify the following: office@
INDEX TO COLLECTION https://pinemountainsettlement.net/?page_id=68696 for an overview of collections and series.