Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 04: Pine Mountain Settlement School Histories
GUIDE TO PMSS HISTORIES
The GUIDE TO PMSS HISTORIES links to histories of Pine Mountain Settlement School written or spoken by the School’s former teachers, nurses, doctors, students, administrators, and visitors. This Guide also provides links to the Creech Family correspondence, documents and photographs.
For more about PMSS histories, go to HISTORIES.
[NOTE: Some listings are still under construction.]
MARY ROGERS – THE PINE MOUNTAIN STORY 1913-1980. This survey of Pine Mountain Settlement School history covers the founding of the School until 1980. Written and illustrated by Mary Rogers, “The Pine Mountain Story 1913-1980” remains a valuable resource in the PMSS Collection. GUIDE TO THE PINE MOUNTAIN STORY
[Anon.] — Copy of letter, 1920 [2 pages].
ASTRID ANDERSON– A PMSS bookkeeper in the 1930s, was one of two workers who wrote the narrative, “II. Funeral,” located on the page titled “A Mountain Funeralizing.“ The other worker is unknown, but possibly Fern Hall (Hayes), a former student and secretary for the School.
ALICE COBB — A PMSS staff member describes life at Pine Mountain and in a variety of other settlement schools and folk schools in her 1944 report for Pine Mountain Settlement School trustee, Dorothy Elsmith. Included in her report are graphic descriptions of John C. Campbell Folk School, Highlander Folk School, Pi Beta Phi in Gatlinburg, TN, and other locations. Also included is an interview with Luigi Zande in Asheville, NC. She was a prolific writer and her cumulative work is a close observation of Pine Mountain School as well as the surrounding community. The ALICE COBB GUIDE TO WRITINGS AND LETTER COPIES will direct the reader to a dense collection of writing over the course of some twenty years associated with the School.
WILLIAM CREECH, SR. “A SHORT SKETCH OF MY LIFE” Creech, a founder and donor of land for the School describes his purchase of land the settlement in the Pine Mountain valley. His narrative of the early settlement process and his marriage to Sally Dixon and the building of their first home, captures the life of early pioneers. He describes the actions he took to encourage Pettit to come and found the Pine Mountain Settlement School. See also Series 04a: Creech Family History and the GUIDE TO PMSS HISTORIES – CREECH FAMILY and the Guide to Letters from and to Creech Family and CREECH FAMILY — Selected documents, letters and photographs.
RACHEL H. DAVIS — (Housemother at Big Log & Office worker, 1924-1926) Letter to Paul Hayes, 27 February 1991, with stories and a photograph of her time at Pine Mountain Settlement School.
BILL DAWN — Bill’s article “Welcome Back … ” in the 1979 Homecoming Report of the Association of Alumni & Friends describes his experiences as a student at Pine Mountain Settlement School in the 1920s.
PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL, INC.: Pine Mountain, Harlan County, Kentucky. January 1918. The History of the Pine Mountain Settlement School: The Clothing of an Idea with Substance 1918. Written by Ethel de Long Zande, Katherine Pettit and William Creech, Sr., this small promotional booklet is one of the first “histories” of the School.
ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE [?]. The History of the Pine Mountain Settlement School: Clothing and Idea with Substance. c. 1920
JAMES S. GREENE III — “Progressives in the Kentucky Mountains: The Formative Years … Settlement School, 1913-1930” (Ph.D. diss., Ohio State University, ED Policy and Leadership, 1982). http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?cc_num=osu1249487592 [412 pages]
NANCY JUDE – A narrative of her life as a student at Pine Mountain Settlement School and Big Laurel Medical Settlement. Born and raised in the area, Nancy Jude’s autobiographical account of her years at Pine Mountain captures the School from both the student and the worker perspective. This autobiography of Nancy Jude has been given many “disguises” to keep the privacy of the family and associates. She gives herself the name of “Roaz” (Rosa Dale) in this biographical account of her life and her time at Pine Mountain Settlement School.
ORADEL MAHLON — A teacher and staff at the School who, in the mid-30s, describes her life at Pine Mountain and afterward in a broad sweep of years and memories. Mahlon taught English at the school and her memories are gathered in this autobiography that sums up her life at the School and beyond.
GLYNN MORRIS — This is a biography entry only. It cover the ten years that Morris led the School and shaped an educational program that was Progressive and nationally recognized. Personal and institutional history is incorporated in his autobiography, Less Traveled Roads (1983) It is not available in full text.
GLYN MORRIS 1940 General Statement of History and Philosophy for PMSS for Staff. A thoughtful statement on the educational vision of Morris and his perspective on the past and future direction of the School.
MARGARET MOTTER -– In “Reflections (c. 1946),” a staff member records her reflections on Pine Mountain Settlement School when she returns to the School some fourteen years after her first work there. (See also Guide to Margaret Motter Collection.)
DOROTHY NACE — [Biography entry only.] “End of the Road, A Summing Up,” 2002. 1941-2000. [Personal and institutional history.]
GRACE M. ROOD –- This is both autobiography and history. Rood describes her early education, work in India, and her years as a nurse in the Pine Mountain community.
Bertha Shepherd with Dorothy Whiteside and Labrida Handy — “Little Journeys,” written in 1938, details an early journey by automobile through the South and includes an account of their stopover at Pine Mountain Settlement School.
EVELYN K. WELLS – A RECORD OF PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL, PINE MOUNTAIN, HARLAN CO., KY. 1913-1928 See: GUIDE TO RECORD OF PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL 1913-1928. Contains collected notes and anecdotal information regarding life at the School during each year from 1913 until 1929. The material gleaned by Wells from letters and reports in the PMSS archive is comprehensive in scope for the range of years and is a rich resource for the foundational years of the institution.
ALFREDA WITHINGTON — [Biography entry only.] The autobiography, Mine Eyes Have Seen (1941), is an account of Dr. Withington’s medical career. The last chapter in her book details her years at Pine Mountain Settlement School as the rural doctor who serviced the region surrounding Pine Mountain Settlement School by horse-back. Stationed at the Medical Settlement at Big Laurel, a satellite of Pine Mountain School, Withington took the position at the age of 67 and continued working for nine years until her forced retirement due to a heart condition.
KCET TELEVISION PROGRAM “Settlement Schools in Kentucky.”
DOROTHY NACE — Various histories including Pine Mountain Settlement School staff and her own personal journey.
RUTH CREECH — Various historical reminiscences.
FERN AND BILL HAYES – Various reminiscences of their history at the school from 1933 until the 1990’s. Fern served as a secretary and Bill as the Farm Manager.
PERSONAL NARRATIVES (Anonymous)
[Anon.] “A Mountain Funeralizing“ – The authors of two of the three accounts under this title are anonymous: “I. 1932 ‘Funeralizing’ for Elizabeth Gillam Smith, Gilley, Kentucky” and “III. A Mountain Funeralizing.”
ORAL HISTORIES [To see a full listing of Oral Histories go to GUIDE TO AUDIO RECORDINGS.
Jane Bishop Oral History
John Deaton Oral History
Arthur and Georgia Dodd Oral History
Bill and Fern Hayes Oral History
Burton Rogers Oral History
Mary Rogers Oral History
Grace Rood Oral History
Brit Wilder Oral History