ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE Writing and Publications Guide

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: BIOGRAPHY – Directors 
Ethel de Long Zande
Writing and Publications Guide

ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE Writing and Publications Guide

Ethel de Long Zande with child (Elena Zande ?) [X_099_workers_2527ee_mod.jpg]

TAGS: Ethel de Long Zande Writing and Publications Guide, Ethel de Long Zande, fundraising literature, Pine Mountain Settlement School promotion, promotional literature, advancement literature, writings, talks, literary production

ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE Writing and Publications Guide

The Ethel de Long Zande Writing and Publications GUIDE lists the writings and talks scanned and in the PMSS Archive by Ethel de Long Zande, co-founder and co-director of Pine Mountain Settlement School from 1913 to 1928.

A prolific writer and a consummate wordsmith, Zande often wrote in the interest of raising money for the institutions for which she worked. By today’s standards, her words may appear somewhat saccharine in flavor, but her appeals for funding worked at that time. Further, they were very effective in shaping new perceptions of the cultures in the Appalachians during her time and raising alarms in her later deconstructionist readers.

Her observations were sharp and to the point with regard to the community work needed on site and her role in re-shaping ideas and perceptions of Appalachia off-site was focused on funding. Those who had the privilege to work with her were rarely neutral under her gaze or supervision. Always an educator, she found every opportunity to try to lift up all those who worked with her and to promote educational opportunities and uplift in the communities served by the Settlement School she was charged with developing.

ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE Writing and Publications Guide

(In process)


The scrapbook in the DE LONG – ZANDE COLLECTION GUIDE (Kendall Bassett donation) contains the complete magazines for the following articles:

Ethel de Long Zande, “For the Sake of Learning,” Home Mission Monthly, Vol. XXXV, Issue 1, Nov 1920, p, 1. Reprinted in the Quarterly Magazine of the Southern Industrial Educational Association, March and June 1921. 

Ethel de Long, “From Kingdom Come to Pine Mountain,” The Outlook, December 5, 1917.

Ethel de Long Zande, “A Little True Blue American.” (Evelyn K. Wells), Over Sea and Land, November 1920.

Ethel de Long Zande, “Doings on Troublesome,”  Smith Quarterly. July 11, 1912.





The Pine Mountain School – A Sketch From the Kentucky Mountains, presented at the 43rd Annual Conference of Charities, June 7, 1915.

ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE  1916 “The School as a Community Center” 1916 (also TALK)


De Long – Zande Collection GUIDE

(Books donated to Pine Mountain in 1942 by Helen de Long)




GUIDE TO DE LONG ZANDE Administrative Correspondence [Not included in GUIDE TO THE DE LONG-ZANDE PAPERS]

ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE Writing and Publications Guide

ETHEL DE LONG, “Carlyle and Mill,” for Miss Hubbard, December 4, 1900.

ETHEL DE LONG,Doings on Troublesome“, Smith Alumnae Quarterly. (July 11, 1911)

ETHEL DE LONG, “Mountain Manners,” Smith Alumnae Quarterly [no date ?]

ETHEL DE LONG, 1917,The Far Side of Pine Mountain,” The Survey. 37 (3 March 1917) p. 627-630 [Online: Internet Archive]

DEAR FRIEND LETTERS Index,1913-1928, by Ethel de Long  (Promotional literature)

ETHEL DE LONG  ZANDE “For the Sake of Learning” 

ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE “Pine Mountain School a Sketch from the Kentucky Mountains”

ETHEL Marguerite DE LONG ZANDE 1901 “Saint Rachel: A Personal  Description”

ETHEL DE LONG ZANDE English 13 The Passing of the Patchwork Quilt” or “The Joyllie Patchwork Quilt” (suggested titles)

“The Character of Christopher Marlow as Shown in his Plays” (2 pgs)

p. 5  Concerning Settlement work. (incomplete)





Ethel Marguerite de Long

 File — Box 1597: [Barcode: 310183630235579]
Scope and Contents From the Series: The Class of 1901 records, 1897-1982, contain materials describing the history and activities of the Class of 1901, including materials from commencement, reunions, senior dramatics, and other important events. Types of materials include photographs, invitations, songs, newspaper clippings, letters, financial information, and other memorabilia. Individual biographical files are also available, and often include photographs, photo albums, newspaper clippings, letters and…

-de Long, Ethel Marguerite, 1902

 File — Box 259: [Barcode: 310183630244431], Folder: 10
Scope and Contents From the Collection: The Buildings records focus on the College’s buildings, both extant and demolished. The vast majority of information in the collection falls between 1875 and the present, though there are a few scattered items from before 1875. The College Archives staff is continually adding new information to the files. This collection interprets the term “building” loosely, and includes information not only about the buildings themselves, but also about what occurred / occurs in the buildings, especially…
Dates of Materials: 1902


CORRESPONDENCE October 6th, 1913 de Long to BOT

[Slightly edited for readability.] 

I wonder if it will be possible to tell you of the month of September without gaining the inconvenient reputation of being the rightist woman. So many important things have occurred to this new 6 month old school that its sponsors surely must be informed of its September history.

First as to financial matters, in July it seemed to us an almost impossible burden to raise the $2000 needed for timber when we had to work for current expenses and the building fund. In fact, when it was necessary to decide the matter definitely, we had raised less than $500 for timber and could secure it only by an agreement to pay the remaining 1500 before February first, 1914. Even on these terms we could not have bought it except for the owner’s keen interest in the school for he had sold us the boundary at half the price, offered him by the new lumber company, and has inconvenienced himself considerably by waiting for the money. The best part of the story is that Miss Sullivan, our Massachusetts board member, has just written us that she herself will be responsible for the remaining 1500 if she cannot raise it. We now have, without incurring any debt, a permanent timber supply which ought in future to bring us some revenue.

Also, we are sending out this week an appeal for $10,000 to use in building the schoolhouse, I suppose our only way of getting it, and will be in a multitude of small sums but we believe if we all work together that we can raise the amount during the winter so as to be ready for the building early in the spring . Please help us in every way that you can. Do you know any people  to whom we may send this appeal or whom a personal letter from us or from you might interest? If you want extra copies of the appeal or of the leaflet giving Uncle William’s reasons, send to Miss Elizabeth Hinch, 2145 Talbot Ave., Indianapolis.

The largest sum that has ever been given to the school came to it unsolicited just a week ago through one of our Lexington board members, Missus Morton, an anonymous gift of $6000 to be used for some special purpose. It will go for the building of a family house containing kitchen, dining room, laundry, and sleeping room for some of our girls. You will understand the delight that we feel in being able to build this house in the same time with the central settlement building and in the fact that this largest gift came from Kentuckians.

It was your chute again story that brought it to you, wrote Missus Morton to Miss Pettit, and perhaps you will like to hear this lucky tale several of us went over to a funeralizing on Cutsin one Sunday last month, some walking, some on nags, about the time the third preacher said  “My remarks may be somewhat scattered but I promise ye I’ll confine myself


within Genesis and revelation.” The walkers had to leave in order to get home by dark. They came over the moonshiners trail from the waters of Cutshin to the waters of Greasy and, as they walked up the creek past the little school house where a quiet Sunday evening meeting was going on, passed the homes where a few left behinds were doing the night work or were ready to come out to the fence for a talk or a hospitable offer of a particularly fine muskmelon, Miss Pettit remarked on the lovely calm of the day which required the word Sabbath she said fully to express it. Half an hour later I came up the creek with the horseback party of several girls and boys and Louis Turner, notorious for his meanness and at present ward up against his 7 brothers and most of his neighbors. The girls saw a man skulking in the bushes on the hill with his gun pointed directly at Lewis. They began to call to each other and to ride up away from Louis, but before we had time to leave him more than a dozen feet behind, the man fired. Lewis had no gun but he was equal to the occasion. He laughed and cried, “shoot again.” Dave shot again and after every shot, Lewis called, “Shoot again,” all the while spurring his horse to get to his own gun. Looking back we saw him leap off his horse at his own door in no time he was out with his box Winchester that everybody knows all will shoot a steel ball straight through the great log answering the challenge with shot after shot and from down and from the woods. Up Greasy where one of Lewis’s brothers lives came more shots and another brother up little Laurel Creek fired his gun half a dozen times. Then it began all over again, the challenge and the defiance and instead of Sabbath there was primitive feudal strife splendidly summed up in that mocking fearless shoot again! 

While two of our board members have been of such large financial help, Miss Hinch, the secretary of the board, has taken the responsibility of managing the printing and distribution of our literature since we have decided to send each quarter some report or circular about the work to everyone on our mailing list. Miss Hinch’s service to the school represents much time and thought.

We are glad to report that Dr. Willis H. Butler of the old South Church in Boston has consented to serve as a trustee. We hope to find trustees as suitable in New York, Chicago, Louisville, and Philadelphia so that at our next board meeting we may have the full quota of members. The date for this meeting will be January 3rd, the place Lexington, KY, and we hope that many of you will be present.

We plan to get out a Pine Mountain School calendar to be ready for the holiday mail. The University Press of Cambridge is helping us to use our pictures and other material effectively. We shall send you each a sample copy as soon as they are printed hoping that you will be able to sell some for us.

In the effort to get $10,000 in annual subscriptions for our running expenses I must spend most of this winter traveling. We have at present only $470.50 coming in. Through these subscriptions of this amount something over $150 was secured in my 3 weeks of speaking this August, besides $741.69 in cash. While these are not large sums in comparison with the needs of the school we feel that, considering we must build up our friendship among total strangers, it was an extremely worthwhile trip and will lead to large helpfulness in the future. I am


sending you a schedule of my probable dates and shall be glad for help in using all the time effectively. I am trying to get appointments to speak before D.A.R.’s literary and philanthropic societies, social clubs, church and missionary organizations.

Although our volunteer teacher went back to her regular work in August, school is still going on with Miss Ellen Merrill of Plainfield, NJ, giving her services. She teaches the little children in the morning and, beginning today, the older ones in the afternoon. As she must leave early in January and there are a number of pupils in the district schools who are begging us to teach a winter school since theirs closed January 1st, we hope to find another volunteer for 3 or four months of winter teaching.

This last month we have been working on the grounds, ditching the low places and underbrush from the creek bank so that it will not overflow the bottoms. In changing the course of the stream so as to have valuable pieces of land, we have had at least 200,000 feet of fine lumber cut from our own forest. We wish you could see Columbus with his two yoke of oxen bringing down the magnificent chestnut logs to the sawmill we feel that this month will count very largely next spring.

We achieved our first social success on Saturday last when we christened our new basketball set given by Missus Hazen of New York. We invited everyone to a sweet potato roast and every one came bringing taters, chicken, squirrels, even fresh honey, and a fine live turkey. While some roasted the squirrel and chicken in Hunter’s style over great fires, others played ball. Louis Turner of shoot-again fame played in the same game with the man he is ward up against. The greatest enthusiasm appeared in the fathers of families men who have 10 or 12 children and so joyfully did they play that the young folks said “hope those old men don’t come next week so as to give us a chance.” After supper some of the boys and girls ran sets, cage the bird, the wild goose chase, et cetera. There could not have been a more charming scene, the new moon just rising over the beautiful playground while the banjo strummer picked and dancing boys half chanted half sung the orders for the figures.

“Balance ei–eight keep ’em stra–ight
Killcranky is my song,
I sing and dance it all along
From my elbow to my toe
How much further can I go?” 

We have had also in the last week a meeting of our Local Advisory Board. We then determined to make a great effort to get a good graded road over Pine Mountain from the Railroad so as to reduce our enormous hauling expenses, which owes amount to seventy cents per hundred pounds. A dozen citizens plan to appear before the fiscal court in Harlan Town next Tuesday to petition for funds of this purpose and they have asked me to make a speech, presenting the case for the School. We decided also to try to secure everyone’s co-operation in getting our land in order as

p. 4

cheaply as possible and believe we can count on each citizen’s free labor at least two days in every year. This will save the School several hundred dollars annually and will also be evidence of the community’s interest to our outside friends.

We shall report to you each month as to the ten thousand dollar building fund. Do you not think Uncle William’s reasons ,which he gave to us of his own accord, are the most effective appeal a school could possibly have? 

Yours sincerely, 
Ethel de Long