RURAL YOUTH GUIDANCE INSTITUTE

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 13:  Educational Programs

RURAL YOUTH GUIDANCE INSTITUTE 

The Alliance for the Guidance of Rural Youth was a vocational guidance service organization originally created under the leadership of Orie Latham Hatcher and called the Virginia Bureau of Vocations for Women (1914-1921). It was later known as the Southern Woman’s Educational Alliance (1921-1937). The Rural Youth Guidance Institute was disbanded in 1963.

The records at Pine Mountain Settlement School comprise an extensive set of organizational records for the Harlan County Rural Youth Guidance Institute begun during the administraton of Pine Mountain Settlement School Director Glyn Morris. As a partner of the Alliance for the Guidance of Rural Youth and its predecessors, the Pine Mountain Settlement program continued under the direction of the Harlan County Schools system until 1963 [?].

The series at Pine Mountain include correspondence, misc. administrative files, project files, conference files, subject files, writings and talks, publications, clippings, press releases, and photographic prints. The materials document the evolution of the Pine Mountain Rural Youth Guidance programs from their early focus on increasing vocational opportunities for rural high school girls to its later activities in providing county-wide vocational programming for rural youth. Additional subjects addressed in the papers and photographs include economic conditions throughout the South; migration patterns from U.S. rural regions to cities; Appalachian culture, including crafts and music; community life in the South; and employment for African Americans. The collection includes 42

Materials related to the economic conditions throughout Harlan County, the Appalachians and the South; migration patterns from U.S. rural regions to cities; Appalachian culture, including crafts and music; community life in the South. The collection is remarkably devoid of information on employment for African Americans as the populations within the Pine Mountain School did not exist. Later programs within the county of Harlan included information on employment opportunities for African Americans.

[See Duke University – Finding Aid For more information on Alliance for Guidance of Rural Youth]

Date Event(s)
1914, May Organizational meeting of the Virginia Bureau of Vocations for Women (initially known as the Women’s Occupational Bureau), Richmond, Virginia.
1915, March Orie Latham Hatcher becomes president of Bureau.
1918, March 17 Bureau incorporated.
1920 Unofficial name change to Bureau of Vocations for Women.
1921 Official name change to Southern Woman’s Educational Alliance.
1922, March Chicago branch established.
1923, November New York branch established.
1924, January Atlanta and Washington, D.C., branches established.
1929, June Richmond branch established.
1929 Chicago junior auxiliary branch established.
1931 University of Chicago branch established.
1937, November Official name change to Alliance for Guidance of Rural Youth.
1937 Washington branch re-established.
1946, April Howard Dawson becomes acting president of Alliance Board after Orie Latham Hatcher’s death.
1947, February Position of Executive Secretary established to assume Hatcher’s former duties. Amber Arthun Warburton hired for position.
1963, September AGRY disbands.

Orie Latham Hatcher

Date Event(s)
1868, December 10 Born, Petersburg, Va.
1884 Graduated from Richmond (Va.) Female Institute.
1888 A.B., Vassar College.
Circa 1888-1892 Teacher, Miss Belle Peer’s School, Louisville, Ky.
1893-1894 Teacher, Richmond Female Seminary.
1894 Professor of History, English Language, and Literature, Women’s College, Richmond, Va.
1903 Ph.D., University of Chicago, English Literature.
1904-1915 Employed at Bryn Mawr College (Pa.) as part-time reader, lecturer, associate professor of English (1912-1915), and chair of comparative literature department (1910-1915).
1906 Helped organize the Virginia Association of Colleges and Schools for Girls.
1915 Left Bryn Mawr to become full-time director/president of Virginia Bureau of Vocations for Women.
1917 Co-founder and executive board member of Richmond School of Social Work and Public Health.
1920- 1924 Vice-president, National Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Clubs.
1928 – 1938 Chair, Rural Section, National Vocational Guidance Association.
1932 – 1935 Executive Board member, National Council of Women.
1933-1937 Board of Trustees, National Vocational Guidance Association.
1936-1942 Technical director, Pine Mountain Guidance Institutes, Harlan County, Ky.
1940, 1941 Member, White House Conference on Children in a Democracy.
1941, 1942, 1943 Chair, Institute for Rural Guidance, Washington, D.C.
1944 Member, White House Conference on Rural Education.
1946, April 1 Died, Richmond, Va.

SEE ALSO:

GUIDE TO RURAL YOUTH GUIDANCE INSTITUTE PROGRAMS BY YEAR

GLYN MORRIS

ORIE LATHAM HATCHER

GUIDE TO EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS

EDUCATION – EARLY YEARS  1913-1930

EDUCATION – BOARDING SCHOOL YEARS (1930-1949)     

EDUCATION – COOPERATIVE SCHOOL                 

EDUCATION – COMMUNITY SCHOOL 1949-1972             

EDUCATION – LITTLE SCHOOL  1963    

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAM (1972- present)