Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: Biography – Staff/Personnel

PMSS Teacher (Antioch Coop):
Civics, History, Social Science, Athletics 1935-1940
Student Counselor 1935-1937


Everett K. Wilson, third from left. (Silvan Hayes, [?], Everett K. Wilson, [?], Paul Hayes, John Hayes). [hay0177.jpg] At the wedding of William and Fern Hayes, Pine Mountain, 1939.

Everett Keith Wilson was born to Myrtle K. Wilson in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, in 1913 and immigrated to the United States six years later. According to the PMSS Staff Directory, he came to the Pine Mountain Settlement School in 1935 to teach civics, history, social science and athletics through a cooperative agreement with the School and Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. During his first two years at Pine Mountain, he also served as a student counselor. The Pine Mountain Settlement School experience was his first introduction to sociological instruction and a deep immersion in the instructional experience both practical and theoretical. It was at the School that he began to formulate his instructional methods and his small book written in 1937, A Study in Civics, was his first attempt to put his ideas into practice.

Wilson’s time in Nova Scotia was brief as his family moved to the United States following World War I but their rural experience and life close to the land helped to influence Wilson’s views on rural sociology. His years at Antioch in the work-study program further enhanced his belief in the practice and theory model of education. While at Antioch he married Elizabeth (“Betty”) Owen, also a student at Antioch, who served as PMSS’s librarian from 1938 to 1940. After leaving Pine Mountain the couple had two children, Alice (Wilson) Duggan and Duncan Keith Wilson.

Wilson’s teaching agreement with Pine Mountain ended in 1940 when he proposed the pursuit of additional education at the University of Chicago. He was accepted at the university for an advanced degree in what was then a new field of study, sociology. Interrupted by WWII he returned to Chicago to complete his work and degree and to become one of the most well-known early scholars in the field of study.

Perhaps the most significant influences on Everett’s personal and intellectual life can be found in his experiences at Antioch College during the Depression years. The unique educational model of Antioch, with its work-study program, its emphasis on great books, and its balanced program of practice and theory, produced students who were self-starters, imaginative and highly motivated. The mission of the college was to build a strong dialectic between pragmatic actions and the theory that informed the practice. The dissolution of barriers at the college between student and faculty further leveled the learning experience and deepened the social bonds in the educational environment. Pine Mountain Settlement was the perfect first job transition from Antioch for Everett and for other progressive staff who came to Pine Mountain from Antioch as part of an institutional agreement to share first-year instructors.

Invited to Pine Mountain in 1935, Everett was hired to teach civics and social studies courses and to assist in the administration of the developing curriculum under the new Director, Glyn Morris. Like many of the staff at Pine Mountain, Ev, as he was known to his colleagues, also had many duties outside the classroom. including advisor to the Pine Cone, the student newspaper. He read copy, helped with typesetting and encouraged students to write critically for various school publications. He was a folk dancer, judged ballad singing and farm produce at the Autumn Fair Day. Like most staff at the School he shared a varied mixture of other responsibilities. He had a profound influence on the students with whom he worked, though his time at the School was brief.

Wilson left Pine Mountain in 1939 for graduate studies in sociology at the University of Chicago where his Progressive and Deweyian tendencies were further encouraged. World War II interrupted his doctoral work but he returned to Chicago in 1952 to complete his degree. In the interim following the end of WWII, he was invited back to his Antioch alma mater to teach and eagerly accepted the challenge, staying for eighteen years until the college shifted its focus in the turbulent 1960s.

On his return to Antioch, Wilson also served the American Sociological Association as its head of NSF-funded projects where he argued persuasively for including sociology as an elective course in the curriculum of secondary schools, a model he had already tested at Pine Mountain where he had authored the small book A Study in Civics that served as a core tool in the educational program. Authored by Wilson, printed by the Pine Mountain press, and vetted by faculty and students alike, the small book, issued to each student, provided a clear map for social interaction at the school, the community, the state, the nation and world. The Foreward to the small book notes

Good citizenship begins at home. Too often we are willing to wave our flag and sing with fervor the national anthem while at home in our own communities we become entirely forgetful of our duties as citizens.

It is well to be reminded of these duties and problems occasionally. We accept without thought the privileges of citizenship in a community — the benefits of specialized labor, of friendly neighbors, of fire and police protection, of water, electricity and good roads. These benefits are the contributions of good citizens, both past and present, to our communities. We owe them our gratitude. But we also have an obligation to the future. 

By 1968 Wilson’s reputation as a scholar and leader in the field of sociology was well grounded and he was invited to come to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. It was an offer that was just right for both principals. At UNC Chapel Hill he opened the field of sociology even wider by establishing the first program in the nation for the training of graduate students in the practice of sociological instruction. No doubt inspired by his commitment to instruction, Wilson had immersed himself in the theory and practice of one of the leading scholars of sociology, Emile Durkheim. Durkheim has long been considered the father of sociology and the principal architect of modern social science but Wilson resonated with him early on. His affinity for Durkheim and the Frenchman’s foundational knowledge of sociology informed much of Wilson’s theory in the classroom. Among Wilson’s many accomplishments was the translation and critical review of the works of the French sociologist, philosopher and social psychologist. It is instructive to see the intellectual voyage of Wilson from his 1937 A Study in Civics to his Passing on Sociology: The Teaching of a Discipline (1980) a 400-page scholarly analysis co-authored with colleague Charles A. Goldsmid, that consolidated Wilson’s experience in and out of the classroom and that brought together a lifetime of experience concerning the instructional process as it applied to his discipline.

At UNC Chapel Hill he is also recognized for his institution of peer groups of students and faculty using many of the lessons learned at Antioch, at Pine Mountain and validated by Durkheim. In the classroom at UNC-CH he filled many curriculum needs but is particularly remembered for his classes in the graduate theory course for sociology. In 1972 he again modeled scholarship by assuming the editorship of the international journal Social Forces which had been picked up as a title by the University of NC Press. In short, he left a legacy that will be hard to match in all the institutions he served. He retired from the UNC system in 1982 but continued to serve both the field of sociology and the university in various capacities during his retirement.

In December of 1999 Everett K. Wilson died of a cerebral hemorrhage. He left a wondrous trail of accomplishment that has inspired students, associates, and the discipline of sociology. Pine Mountain Settlement School is so very proud to have shared with him the beginning of that wondrous trail of scholarship, generosity, and commitment.

While at Carolina, Wilson also occupied high offices in state, regional, and national professional associations: President of the North Carolina Sociological Association in 1974; Vice-president of the American Sociological Association in 1983; and President of the Southern Sociological Society in 1985. In 1980 he also received the American Sociological Association’s Distinguished Contributions in Teaching Award.

Comments by many of his former students may be found here:


*Special acknowledgment to the following for their contributions to this biographical sketch: M. Richard Cramer; Glen H. Elder ; Richard L. Simpson (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)

Everett K. Wilson’s publications are numerous and are listed below.


EVERETT K. WILSON A Pine Mountain Study in Civic 1937


Everett K. Wilson

Alt. Title

Ev Wilson




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;

Subject Keyword

Everett K. Wilson ; Ev Wilson ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; sociology ; Antioch College ; teachers ; University of Chicago ; work-study programs ; students ; higher education ; Passing on Sociology ; sociologists ; American Sociological Association ; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ; pedagogues ; scholars ; Emil Durkheim ; Theodore Newcomb ; college peer groups ; Social Forces ; UNC Press ; Charles Goldsmid ; Wilsonian discipleship ; teaching sociology ; North Carolina Sociological Association ; Southern Sociological Society ; ASA Distinguished Contributions in Teaching Award ; M. Richard Cramer ; Glen H. Elder ; Richard L. Simpson ; Gordon Fellman ; editors ; Edward Kain ; Howard L. Sacks ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; New Glasgow, Nova Scotia ; Chicago, IL ; Chapel Hill, NC ;

Subject LCSH

Wilson, Everett K., — 1913 – December 31, 1999.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Citizenship — Study and teaching.




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.




Collections ; text ; image ;


Original and copies of documents and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet.


Series 09: Biography – Staff/Personnel




Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 09: BIography – Staff/Personnel.

Coverage Temporal

1913 – 1999

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; New Glasgow, Nova Scotia ; Chicago, IL ; Chapel Hill, NC ;


Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.




Core documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers of Everett K. Wilson ; clippings, photographs, books by or about Everett K. Wilson ;




“[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last Updated

2015-10-24 hhw ; 2015-11-02 aae ; 2016-02-06 hhw ;



“Everett K. Wilson.” PMSS Staff Directory. Series 09: Biography – Staff/Personnel. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

Goldsmid, Charles A, and Everett K. Wilson. Passing on Sociology: The Teaching of a Discipline. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth Pub. Co, 1980. Print.

“United States, GenealogyBank Obituaries, 1980-2014,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVYQ-35RM : accessed 2 November 2015), Everett K Wilson, Durham, North Carolina, United States, 11 Jan 2000; from “Recent Newspaper Obituaries (1977 – Today),” database, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : 2014); citing Herald-Sun, The, born-digital text. Internet resource.

Wilson, E K. A Pine Mountain Study in Civics. Pine Mountain, KY: Pine Mountain Settlement School, 1937. Print.


**Publications: Sorted by date.

Wilson, E. K. (1942). Criteria of urbanism applied to religion in Chicago. Thesis (S.M.)–University of Chicago, Department of Sociology.

Wilson, E. K. (1952). Community participation in policy formation an analysis of an attempt to implement democratic processes through group discussion in a community college. Thesis–University of Chicago.

Wilson, E. K. (1958). Some notes on the pains and prospects of American cities. Confluence, Vol.7:1, Spring 1958, P.1-15.

Durkheim, E. (1961). Moral education: a study in the theory and application of the sociology of education. New York: Free Press.

Durkheim, E. (1961). Moral education; a study in the theory and application of the sociology of education. [New York]: Free Press of Glencoe.

Selvin, H. C., Hagstrom, W. O., Newcomb, T. M., & Wilson, E. K. (1963). The empirical classification of formal groups. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill.

Newcomb, T. M., Baird, L., & Wilson, E. K. (1966). College peer group: problems and prospects for research. National Opinion Research Center monographs in social research, 8. Chicago: Aldine.

Newcomb, T. M., Wilson, E. K., & Baird, L. (1966). College peer groups; problems and prospects for research. Chicago: Aldine Pub.

Wilson, E. K., & Newcomb, T. M. (1966). Peer groups college: problems and prospects for research.

Wilson, E. K. (1966). Sociology; rules, roles, and relationships. Homewood, Ill: Dorsey Press.

Wilson, E. K. (1969). The Inductive Orientation in Teaching Sociology. High Sch J. 53 (2), 122-131.

Wilson, E. K. (1971). Sociology: rules, roles, relationships : instructor’s supplement. Homewood, IL.: Dorsey Press.

Wilson, E. K. (1971). Sociology: rules, roles, and relationships. Homewood, Ill: Dorsey Press.

Wilson, E. K. (1971). Student’s supplement to sociology: rules, roles, and relationships. Homewood IL: Dorsey Press.

Durkheim, E., Fauconnet, P., & Wilson, E. K. (1973). Moral education: a study in the theory and application of the sociology of education. New York: Free Press [u.a.].

Social forces (Indexes). (1974). Cumulative index, volumes 1-50, 1922-1972. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press.

Wilson, E. (1975). Protective self-deception of sociology instructors. s.l: s.n.

Wilson, E. K. (1975). What Is This Sociology We Profess. Journal of Research and Development in Education. 9 (1), 3-12.

Wilson, E. K. (1976). The Carolina Course to Launch Sociology Instructors: Three Features and Some General Reflections. Teaching Sociology. 3 (3), 249-264.

Wilson, E. K. (1976). Learning to Teach: Some Resources for Graduate Students or People Wishing to Help Graduate Students.

Social forces, v. 56, no. 2, December 1977. (1977). Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.

Goldsmid, C. A., Gruber, J. E., & Wilson, E. K. (1977). Perceived Attributes of Superior Teachers (PAST): An Inquiry into the Giving of Teacher Awards. American Educational Research Journal. 14 (4), 423-440.

Wilson, E. K. (1977). Sociology: Scholarly Discipline or Profession? Department of Sociology, 168 Hamilton Hall, 070 A, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 ($1.00).

Baker, P. J., Ed, & Wilson, E. K., Ed. (1979). Knowledge Available and Knowledge Needed to Improve Instruction in Sociology. ASA Teaching Resources Center, American Sociological Association, 1722 N Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 ($7.00).

Wilson, E. K. (1979). The Scholarly Route to Becoming a Teacher of Sociology.

Baker, P. J., & Wilson, E. (1979). KAKN: proceedings of a conference on knowledge available and knowledge needed to improve instruction in sociology. Washington: American Sociological Association, distributed by the ASA Teaching Resources Center.

Baker, P. J., & Wilson, E. K. (1979). Knowledge available and knowledge needed to improve instruction in sociology: Conference : Papers. [np].

Wilson, E. K., & Selvin, H. (1980). Why study sociology? a note to undergraduates. Des Moines, Iowa: Iowa Dept. for the Blind.

Goldsmid, C. A., & Wilson, E. (1980). Passing on sociology: the teaching of a discipline. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth Pub.

Wilson, E., & Selvin, H. (1980). Why study sociology?: a note to undergraduates. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth Pub.

Wilson, E. K. (1981). Improving Sociology Instruction by Selective Recruitment. Teaching Sociology. 8 (3), 291-311.

Baker, P. J., & Wilson, E. K. (1981). Special issue devoted to knowledge available, knowledge needed improving sociology instruction. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Wilson, E. K. (1982). Power, Pretense, and Piggybacking. Some Ethical Issues in Teaching. Journal of Higher Education. 53 (3), 268-81.

Wilson, E. K. (1983). Standards for Judging the Adequacy of Sociology I. Teaching Sociology. 10 (2), 210-18.

Wilson, E. K. (1987). Spotlight on Sociology: Patterns of Social Arrangements as a Realm of Inquiry. Social Education. 51 (1), 26-27.

See also: EVERETT K. WILSON “A Pine Mountain Study in Civics”

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