GRACE FENG LIU

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: Staff/Personnel

GRACE FENG LIU
Nurse, February 1943 – 1945(?)


TAGS: Grace Feng Liu ; Drs. Emma and Francis Tucker ; China ; Grace Rood ; nurses ; narratives ; weddings ; Dr. Margaret Tucker ; Chapel ; Dorothy and Glenn LaRue ; Mr. and Mrs. H.R.S. Benjamin ; folk dancing ; train travel ; bus travel ; medical practice ; music ; China ;


tuck_0017

Ts’ui Chich Liu, (second from left), Grace Feng Liu with young Francis Liu (far right). Dr. Francis Tucker and Dr. Emma Boose Tucker. (September 16, 1946) [tuck_0017.jpg]

Grace Feng Liu came to Pine Mountain Settlement School in 1943 through the recommendation and urging of the Drs. Emma and Francis Tucker. She was a native of China’s Shantung Province and studied at the Massachusetts Memorial Hospital in Boston.

Miss Feng was at Pine Mountain for a month in August of 1943 to fill in for Grace Rood while Miss Rood took a much-needed vacation from nursing, but remained for several more years. In Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School of 1943, Grace Feng is described as “a winning ambassador of international good will.”

For such a brief stay, Grace Feng’s presence was long felt at Pine Mountain. Through the Tuckers we know much about her marriage at Pine Mountain and her later life. A fascinating account, recorded below, of the Pine Mountain wedding by the groom, Ts’ui Chich Liu, captures the spirit of community during the end of the war years at the School.

Margaret Tucker, Grace Feng Liu, T.C. Liu, Burton Rogers. March 9, 1945. nace_1_068a.jpg

Margaret Tucker, Grace Feng Liu, T.C. Liu, Burton Rogers. March 9, 1945. [nace_1_068a.jpg]

GRACE FENG LIU: TRANSCRIPTION – The Feng/Liu Wedding at Pine Mountain Settlement School. Description by Ts’ui Chich Liu, the groom

This a brief letter to tell you about our trip, leaving Miami March 3rd, and arriving in Boulder, Colo. March 14, 1945.

First of all our thanks go to our dear sister Sylvia Seto, who was so helpful to us the last three days in Miami. Sylvia, we will do the same when your wedding comes! As we have told you, we received the telegram in Harlan [Kentucky] that your friend could not buy the wedding ring for me in N.Y. Very luckily we got a ten diamond ring in Harlan. It matches the engagement ring very beautifully, and everybody praises them highly.

From Miami to Pine Mountain we changed cars at Jacksonville and also at Corbin [Kentucky]. At Harlan, Dr. Tucker met us at the station. He is the most wonderful person I have ever seen. He was in China 40 years as a medical doctor, as was his beloved wife, Dr. Emma Boose Tucker. All their four children were born in China, and every one of them is a medical doctor. Grace Feng came to the United States with Father and Mother Tucker in 1941 over the Burma Road, and through Hong Kong and the Philippines. They worked together for 15 years, and love Grace as their own daughter, Margaret, who is now a radiologist in the University of Minnesota Hospital.

On reaching Harlan, Dr. Tucker took us to breakfast in the hotel where he arranged two rooms for us to rest when we were not busy that day, Mar. 5. He went with us to have the required blood tests, and in only two hours we had the report of this, so we applied for the marriage license in the county court house. We also sent clothes to be pressed and hunted till we found a suitable ring. Then we completed arrangements for a 20 pound wedding cake, Grace decorating the top of it with “double happiness.”

The same afternoon at 6:10 the train from Chicago brought Dr. Margaret [Tucker], Mrs. Emma Scott Tucker and her 21 months old cute Betty Jean. The taxi driver drove the six of us, and many suitcases to Pine Mountain (18 miles) where Mother Tucker met us in the dark, starry, mountain home. She gave me the most unforgettable kiss in my life. On the way over it was lucky that the wedding cake held itself very well on my knees, — though the taxi did run over my new hat, which proved to be unbreakable, though.

After a very tasty supper, I was escorted to a neighbor’s house [Bill and Fern Hayes’ home, where according to Fern Hayes, he was given the feather bed] for the night. Boy, I was sound asleep soon, even though the frogs from far away were loudly calling their nearby mates, having the spring fever.

From Tuesday to 3 pm Friday, March 9, 1945, we were busy as bees preparing for THE occasion, — not only the Tuckers, but also the neighbors and some of the students and faculty, — of the Pine Mountain School. The wedding gifts, — from priceless silver sets to nice looking pot-holders, the congratulation letters and telegrams, — came from every corner of the country. Here we thank you each and every one who were so nice and thoughtful of us.

Now we come to the wedding. For the first time in several years the Pine Mountain Chapel was decorated for a wedding ceremony. As you would know, Kentucky trees just waked up from winter, so daffodils and forsythia were just out in bloom, and the church was covered with golden yellow flowers, also wild bamboo, — these from Kentucky; and also palm fronds, laurel leaves, some un­named evergreens, lantern flowers of digitalis and the perfumed state flower of Florida, orang[e]-blossom, from Mr. & Mrs. Harris, of Homestead, Florida.

In the Chapel, I sat in one corner, just beside the door with my best man, Mr. [Burton] Rogers, standing by me. [He had known Grace quite well in China.]

The organ played ….

GRACE FENG LIU: TRANSCRIPTION – The Feng/Liu Wedding

The organ played softly and joyfully while I watched the warm sunshine come through the front window from the west, making the golden forsythia and fresh, green bamboo semi-transparent. Tiny particles danced in the rays of the straight path of sunshine, reflecting rainbow colors of fireballs, as on the eve of the first full moon celebration each Chinese New Year. The aire [?] in the church was very peaceful, — no one even made a small move. The hemlock trees outside the opposite window once in a long while bowed a little. It was so quiet that one could hear a pin dropped on a rug. The shadows of the flowers painted a very artistic picture in front of the altar. Suddenly my best man gave me a winkle that the bride had just come out of the car. Mr. [Arthur] Dodd played the organ so beautifully, and the organ was softer than ever, while I can hear the bride, the bridesmaid, the master of ceremonies, the mother and the father walk into the church. The long silk dress of the ladies gave a very low whisper when it touched or kissed the floor. Mr. Dodd rested his fingers a few seconds, and started the music of “Here comes the bride.” First the minister, Mr. [Glen] LaRue [well known to Grace in China] showed up from the side door of the altar, and then my best man and I walked gently toward the altar on the right-hand side. I turned a quarter turn, and here really came the bride with a long white veil, white satin gown, a bouquet of white carnations and yellow daffodils, perfumed with orange blossoms. After “I will” and “I will” two girls sang “O’ Promise Me.” I felt all the eyes in the church concentrated on us. When I put the ring on her finger she stopped quivering, and then I received a gold ring. The most dignified part of the ceremony was over, and we turned and walked gracefully toward the door. The watchful eyes on both slides of the aisle followed us with hided smile.

Outside, the weather was exceptionally soft. The people who had cameras, all aimed at us. There at Pine Mountain March was budding into spring, — the maples tinted red, forsythia yellow, grass tender green, and the small brook nearby also sang its first spring melody. The eight girls of the senior class who aided, in their charming formal dresses, added more spring to the wedding. The bridesmaid with her light pink dress looked like the queen of England, — Dr. Margaret at her best. Emma, the master of ceremonies, like a bride herself, gracefully instructed this or the other for the pictures, — and added in myriad other ways. Then we went the short distance to Laurel House in Mr. [H.R.S.] Benjamin‘s car to take part in the reception. This is the first time in my life I have shaken so many hands with different feeling, — some of the hands were stiff, some soft, some warm, some cold, some wet, some dry, some shake, some hold, some with fingers you love to touch, some as noodles. Anyway, my hands got stiff after more than a half-hour of continuously medium-warm shaking hands with about 150 people.

The next scene was to hold the bride’s hand to cut the twenty-pound wedding cake. This was not so hard as the kissing in front of the altar which I never experienced before. Everyone seemed satisfied after a glass of fruit punch, a piece of the wedding cake, and some candy. Then the master of ceremonies said the bride was going to throw her bouquet. All the girls rushed to the stairs. Who says the girls do not want forget married? In this case the bridesmaid did not get the bouquet but she made the most honest remark: “What I want is not the bouquet but the man. I wish somebody would throw me a man.”

The supper table for the wedding party was specially decorated that evening with flowers and otherwise. The bride wore one of her handsome, flowery Chinese dresses. Even little Betty Jane [Tucker] seemed to appreciate the special occasion, — not throwing any fork or spoon. She is a very lovely angel with blonde hair and blue eyes, and very independent.

If she is in her mood, you can ask a few tender kisses from her. The big blue innocent eyes, and the warm, wine dimple cause me to worship childhood.

Following the supper there was a dance, — the first time for me to see folk dances or square dances, which is a real good sound exercise, both physically and psychologically. If the folk dance is continuously used probably you would not see a plumpy girl, for the extra fat would be danced out unconsciously!

After the dance the Nace sisters [Margaret and Dorothy] asked us to have tea in their apartment. Perhaps I am the best tea-leaf reader in the world in that I made everyone of them happy. Big Miss Nace had a boyfriend in mind and little Miss Nace is searching for one.

Margaret seemed to have a man in China waiting; Emma wished and dreamed her Frankie [son, Francis Carlile Tucker] would come back from China as soon as possible, and Grace’s next step is wanting to have some nice children. From my glass ball, rather from the tea leaves, I satisfied all their wishes. Then they walked with us to our guest room in West Wind. I was told that I was supposed to carry my bride over the threshold into the room. Gosh, she was heavy in my arm, or, rather, I was not strong enough to carry a lady of 105 pounds. But I may say that this finished the wedding ceremony, except the two gifts in the room and the flowers on the table, which brightened our hearts more than words can express. The night was clear and quiet, which symbolized a happy wedding.

So is finished the excitement of March 9th, which will be our wedding anniversary for years to come. The next morning outside the door was a tea-pot and an electric stove, with cups and a package of Chinese tea, which, according to our judgments, were put there by the Nace sisters, who left that morning for their one week vacation. God bless you both, happy and thoughtful sisters.

The morning (10th) was especially clear and calm. A thin layer of frost covered the lawn, the trees, and the roofs. It was so strange that I did not recognize the beautiful Chapel where we were married the day before. Grace laughed and called it a joke that I did not know how to hold her hand when we marched out from the church, and, even worse, that I did not button my coat right! (Her fear and quivering in front of the altar matched pretty well my unbuttoned coat!) Saturday afternoon we were invited to tea at the home of the Director of the School. Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin were in Ningpo** for many years. A daughter lives with them while her husband is overseas. Mr. Benjamin told me how they manage to get funds for the school. Pine Mountain School is a very ideal mountain institution. Every day the students work several hours, and what they get from their job is just about enough for their schooling. What they learn in the school is practical knowledge, — what they need for their daily life after they graduate. The students I met on the campus were very friendly and cheerful. Undoubtedly they will be the leading citizens in their communities when they reach manhood. The girls study cooking, sewing, nursing, weaving, and other essential home economics courses, while the boys learn farming, carpentry, printing, and other trades. Some of the students after graduating from this secondary school go to Berea [Kentucky] College, that college being of the same type of institution, — to train rural and mountain leaders.

Sunday morning (11th) we were invited to the [Dorothy and Glenn] LaRue home for breakfast. Both Mr. & Mrs. LaRue worked in China among the Miao tribes and the language has 7 to 9 inflections of each sound, making it much more difficult than the Chinese language. The Miaos live a very primitive life among the mountains, but are very honest and hospitable. The three children of the LaRues were born in China, and are now in school here at Pine Mountain. Both Grace and the Tuckers have visited the LaRue station in Kweichow Province, China.**

Sunday evening we invited 16 people (plus 4 children) to be our guests at a Chinese meal, — most of them staff members who had to do with the wedding. After that there was a Vesper service mostly made up of singing. By this time there were only about fifty persons to attend, because many of the students and staff had gone home for the vacation.

Monday morning (12th) Emma, Betty Jane and the Lius started on their way, all going together by auto to Harlan. Emma, bound for Chicago, was on the same train that we were on as far as Corbin, and so we left her there (and Betty Jane) while Grace and myself continued our honey-moon towards Boulder, Colorado. Dr. Margaret had left Pine Mountain two days earlier because she had to be on duty in Minneapolis by Monday.

On the way to Boulder, we changed cars six times, at Corbin, Louisville, Indianapolis, St. Louis, Kansas City, and Denver. It was inconvenient to carry four suitcases (with extras) for so many changes. I still feel a heartache that Grace fell once at Louisville. On reaching Denver it was too late for the morning train to Boulder, so we took the 12:45 bus, and could use our railway tickets on the bus.

At 2 p.m. we arrived at Boulder, and went to the home of Mr. & Mrs. Warren, Carrie Warren being a niece of Father Tucker’s. They had been written to earlier, suggesting that they take care of us till we could settle on an apartment. They gave their own bed-room to us, and we stayed nearly three days with them. On Friday evening (16th), Mrs. Warren drove us to our new home, 2119 Mapleton Ave.

Very, very fortunately we found this place, through Mr. Topping and Miss Anderson. The Catchpoles, our landlady and landlord, are very nice to us, giving us the best of everything. We hope we live here until we leave Boulder.

Boulder is a very beautiful city, with lofty mountains on the west, now snow-capped. The streets are wide and straight, churches are at every corner of the street. The campus of the University of Colorado is only a few blocks from the business district. We feel at home already, — living here in our first home. The many presents given us by friends near and far make our rooms, we think, all the more habitable.

Now it is 10:30 p.m. of Sunday night (18th). Outside it is snowing, and everything is covered white. Here we think of each and every one of you, — friends and relatives in Pine Mountain, Chicago, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Boston, New York, Miami, Arkansas, Oregon, California, and many places either in this country or in other lands across the seas. Here is our deep appreciation for your gifts, telegrams, letters, and many other forms of congratulations for our wedding.

God bless you all.

Sincerely yours,

Ts’ui Chich Liu
Grace Feng Liu


Note: The bouquet held by Grace Feng Liu, seen above, was tossed and ended up in the hands of Dorothy Nace, teacher and secretary at Pine Mountain. The catch was prophetic, as Dorothy Nace was married to Jack Tharp not long after the catch.

[Dorothy Nace}With the bride's bouquet. [T.C. Liu and Burton Rogers to either side.] nace_1_068b.jpg

[Dorothy Nace} with the bride’s bouquet. [T.C. Liu and Burton Rogers to either side.] [nace_1_068b.jpg]


[Ts’ui Chich Liu returned to China after his graduation from the University of Colorado at Boulder and was caught up in the Mao regime. He suffered very badly during the Maoist era and his health never recovered.]

[**Kweichow Province, China is in the southwestern region of China, south of Szechwan province (Sheng). To the east of Kweichow is Hunan province and on the south is the Chuang Autonomous Region of Kwangsi. The western border is dominated by Yunan province. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Kweichow sits on a high plateau and measures more than 350 miles (560 kilometers) from east to west and about 320 miles from north to south. It has an area of 68,000 square miles (176,100 square kilometers). Its main resource is found in its minerals (most importantly mercury). Like the eastern Appalachians that range across a high plateau, the Kweichow Province is home to a rich cultural heritage. Music and art are found throughout the culture. Like eastern Kentucky in the 1920s, Kweichow province had and continues to have one of the highest illiteracy rates in China.]

[**pinyin: Níngbō; Wade-Giles: Ning-po]


Title

Grace Feng Liu

Alt. Title

Grace Feng

Identifier

GRACE FENG LIU

Creator

Ts’ui Chich Liu

Alt. Creator

Grace Feng Liu ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;

Subject Keyword

Grace Feng ; Grace Feng Liu ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; Dr. Emma Boose Tucker ; Dr. Francis Tucker ; Massachusetts Memorial Hospital ; Grace Rood ; nurses ; Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School ; narratives ; Ts’ui Chich Liu ; weddings ; grooms ; brides ; Sylvia Seto ; doctors ; Burma Road ; Dr. Margaret Tucker ; radiologists ; University of Minnesota Hospital ; blood tests ; marriage licenses ; courthouses ; wedding cakes ; Emma Scott Tucker ; Betty Jean Tucker ; taxis ; Bill Hayes ; Fern Hayes ; wedding gifts ; telegrams ; Chapel ; Mr. and Mrs. Harris ; Burton Rogers ; organ music ; Arthur Dodd ; Dorothy LaRue ; Glenn LaRue ; Mr. and Mrs. H.R.S. Benjamin ; bridesmaids ; folk dancing ; square dancing ; Margaret Nace ; Dorothy Nace ; Francis Carlile Tucker ; Berea College ; Miao tribes ; Vesper services ; train travel ; bus travel ; Mr. Warren ; Carrie Warren ; Mr. Topping ; Miss Anderson ; the Catchpoles ; University of Chicago ; University of Colorado ; Mao regime ; Shantung Province, China ; Boston, MA ; Miami FL ; Boulder, CO ; Harlan, KY ; New York, NY ; Jacksonville, FL ; Corbin KY ; Hong Kong ; the Philippines ; Minnesota ; Chicago, IL ; Homestead, FL ; Ningpo, China ; Berea, KY ; Kweichow Province, China ; Minneapolis, MN ; Louisville, KY ; Indianapolis, IN ; St. Louis, MO ; Kansas City, MO ; Denver, CO ; Wisconsin ; Arkansas ; Oregon ; California ; Appalachian dance ; medical practice ; marriage ; music ;

Subject LCSH

Liu, Grace Feng.
Liu, Ts’ui Chich.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Rural health services — Appalachian Region — History.

Date

2007-06-26

Publisher

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Contributor

n/a

Type

Collections ; text ; image ;

Format

Original and copies of documents and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet

Source

Series 9: Staff/Personnel

Language

English

Relation

Guide to the China Records Project Miscellaneous Personal Papers Collection (Record Group No. 8). Compiled by Martha Lund Smalley, et al. Yale University Library, Yale Divinity Library, 409 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511. (2004, 2010). http://www.library.yale.edu/div/spc/ChinaMissionariesYDSL.html#T (accessed 2013-11-13) ; Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 9: Staff/Personnel ;

Coverage Temporal

1941 – 1945

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Shantung Province, China ; Boston, MA ; Miami FL ; Boulder, CO ; Harlan, KY ; New York, NY ; Jacksonville, FL ; Corbin KY ; Hong Kong ; the Philippines ; Minnesota ; Chicago, IL ; Homestead, FL ; Ningpo, China ; Berea, KY ; Kweichow Province, China ; Minneapolis, MN ; Louisville, KY ; Indianapolis, IN ; St. Louis, MO ; Kansas City, MO ; Denver, CO ; Wisconsin ; Arkansas ; Oregon ; California ;

Rights

Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Donor

n/a

Description

Core documents, correspondence, writing, and photographs pertaining to Grace Feng and to Ts’ui Liu who became her husband while she lived and worked at Pine Mountain Settlement School. Grace Feng came to the United States on the recommendation of Dr. Francis and Dr. Emma Tucker in 1941, following the expulsion from China during the early years of WWII. Grace Feng Liu worked with the Tuckers for approximately fifteen years and at Pine Mountain for two (?) of those years.

Acquisition

n/d

Citation

“[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last Updated

2007-07-12 hhw ; 2008-08-31 hhw ; 2013-11-10 hhw ; 2013-12-13 aae ; 2017-03-20 aae ;

Bibliography

Sources

“Grace Feng Liu.” Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School. XVI.II (October 1943): 4. Series 09: Staff/Personnel. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

Guide to the China Records Project Miscellaneous Personal Papers Collection (Record Group No. 8). Compiled by Martha Lund Smalley, et al. Yale University Library, Yale Divinity Library, 409 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511. (2004, 2010). http://www.library.yale.edu/div/spc/ChinaMissionariesYDSL.html#T (accessed 2013-11-13). Internet resource.

Liu, Ts’ui Chich. “The Feng/Liu Wedding at Pine Mountain Settlement School.” Series 22: Community, Guests and Visitors. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers, Pine Mountain, KY. (1945). Archival material.


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