Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 04: HISTORIES
Series 10: BUILT ENVIRONMENT
HISTORY Chronology 1912-2000s
CHRONOLOGY OF KEY EVENTS AND DATES AT PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL
TAGS: Chronology of PMSS key events, built environment, Big Laurel Medical Settlement, Line Fork Settlement, fires, swimming pool, reservoir, directors, stage productions, Youth Guidance Institute, teachers, guests, Community School, hospital, Little School, Environmental Education, Girl Scouts
1912 Katherine Pettit and Ethel de Long planning; negotiations for William Creech and Nolan land.
1913 John Shell “Gray” Cottage; Store Building and Masonic Lodge; 3 Tents; Sawmill; May 15, Big Log house begun.
1914 Old Log House reconstructed; “House in the Woods“; Big Log house completed; Farm House begun.
1915 Tool House I completed; Reservoir started.
1916 Barn constructed; Laurel House I begun; Zande House begun; Open House built in summer (owners Hook, Butler, Cathcart [?])
1917 Zande House under construction; Mary Sinclair Burkham School House I completed.
1918 House in the Woods; Pole House built; Big Laurel Medical Center begun; Death of Uncle William Creech; Marriage of Ethel de Long and Luigi Zande in CT; 1918 Pandemic in Harlan County.
1919 Pole House constructed; Office constructed; Big Laurel Medical Center begun; Burkham School House I destroyed by fire; Robbins cabin & school on Little Laurel active. First issue of NOTES of the Pine Mountain Settlement School.
1920 New Mary Sinclair Burkham School House II begun; Boy’s House built; Line Fork Settlement begun; Medical Center at Big Laurel active; Infirmary begun; Line Fork settlement finished; High School begun.
1921 Infirmary (Hill House) building construction; Electricity in place; Health House at Line Fork is begun. Staff member Lura Parsons murdered.
1922 Chapel construction; Line Fork Med. Settlement continues; Boy’s Industrial Building (Workshop).
1923 Planned Swimming Pool; Water at Medical Settlement; Construction of Country Cottage [Practice House].
1924 Dedication of the Charlotte F. Hedges Chapel.
1925 Girl’s Industrial Building constructed.
1926 Little Log Cabin (Doctor’s Cabin) for Mrs. Burns, the farmer, begun.
1927 Little Log Cabin [Little Log House] constructed for Mrs. [Martha] Burns, the farmer; Addition to Infirmary
1928 Death of Ethel de Long Zande; Plan for electricity.
1929 Plans for electricity underway; Electrical Power House built; Line Fork Settlement fire destroys Cabin; Cabin is re-built after fire.
1930 Crayfish in Reservoir; Agriculture added to curriculum; Co-ops studied; Print Shop.
1931 Glyn Morris assumes Director position; Reservoir issues (crayfish); Uncle John Lewis (Fiddler) dies.
1932 Katherine Pettit, founder, retires; Midsummer Night’s Dream play; Mikado musical.
1933 Testing of students is begun; Mikado; Lumbering down Greasy and on Line Fork; Far House Girl’s Mummer’s Play; Pinafore musical.
1934 Diesel Plant begun; Student Counselor added to staff; Insurance instituted for PMSS staff; Guests Doris Ulmann and John Jacob Niles; singing group to WJZ Radio City Music Hall; Pinafore performed.
1935 Diesel Plan developed; Widespread flooding of campus, May; Pinafore performed [?].
1936 Death of Katherine Pettit; Diesel and street lights installed.
1937 Milk House built; Reading room added to library; Pack horse librarians; Silver Jubilee; NYC trip; Octet at White House.
1938 Milk House completed; Swimming Pool issues resolved.
1939 Burkham Schoolhouse II stage constructed.
1940 Old Laurel House I burns, Jan. 29; New Laurel House II is begun; poultry discontinued. Big Log is remodeled.
1941 Sleeping porches at Boy’s House closed; West Wind begun; Jubilee Cottage built; Director Glyn Morris departs; Harmon Foundation film; strep throat epidemic; William Webb hired as Director.
1942 West Wind construction completed and dedicated; REA comes to valley; William Webb assumes Director position; 5th Youth Guidance Institute.
1946 Co-op Group led by Gladys Hill; May Day on Dancing Green; 100th Anniversary of Uncle William’s birth (b. 1845); School song.
1947 Heart and Cravin’ Virginia MA Thesis.
1948 Section from the class of ’44 How Beautiful are the Feet …; Survey of graduates; Education survey.
1949 Boarding School closes; Louise Fliermans and Home Economics classes; Richard Chase as guest; Change to Elementary classes.
1950 Community School begins; Children’s library; Quaker Work Camp.
1951 Fu-Liang Chang Study of PMSS.
1953 William and Fern Hayes leave Pine Mountain; Brit Wilder assumes farm management.
1956 Alvin Boggs teaches vocational training.
1958 Pine Mountain Hospital closed on May 1.
1963 ‘Little School’ instituted by Mildred Mahoney – precursor to Federal Head Start programs.
1965 Girl Scouts, Troop 592, chartered October 1965; Cub Scouts, Pack 37, Chartered December,1965
1972 Mary Rogers begins Environmental Education Program.
2013 Centennial Celebration
2019 Director Geoff Marietta leaves; Preston Jones appointed Interim Director and then Director; Ben Begley, EE instructor dies.
2020 COVID-19 Pandemic.
|BUILDINGS||EDUCATION||EXTENSION PROGRAMS||PEOPLE||MEDICAL||CELEBRATION &
& Physical Plant
|1912||Letters to establish school|
|1913||John Shell "Gray" Cottage ; Store|
Building and Masonic Lodge ;
May 15- Big Log house begun
|Robin Hood Play|
|1914||Old Log House ; "House|
in the Woods" ; Big Log
house completed ; Farm House begun ;
|1915||Tool House||40 children enrolled|
is built ;
|1917||Zande House||Cecil Sharp's visit|
|1918||Death of Uncle William||Shakespeare play|
|1919||Pole House constructed ; Office|
constructed; Big Laurel Medical Center begun ; old Burkham School burns
|Farm[?] Robbins cabin & school on L.|
|Dental Clinic; Medical Settlement||Road started; Old fashioned ...?; May Day|
|1920||New Burkham School; Boy's|
House; Line Fork
|S Canto||Angela Melville in Extension Center campaign ;||Aeroplane over PMSS; Peter Pan ; Pageant of PMSS history|
|1921||Infirmary||Weaving at Old Log; Pine [?] Lane around|
|Regional schools work ; Coil Branch ; Bear Branch ; Little Laurel||Community Fair Day began|
|1922||Chapel; Line Fork Med. Settlement ; Boy's|
Industrial Building (Workshop)
|Eye, ear, nose, throat clinic|
|1923||Planned Swimming Pool; Water at Med.Settlement|
; Construction of Country
Cottage [Practice House]
|1924||Dedication of the Chapel; School||Grades 1-4 ended; 1st High School graduates||Percy MacKaye,Playwrite and poet spent summer||Logging train|
Industrial Building ;
|Brooms in Bee Drad...?||Aunt Sal's death|
|1926||Indian Cave remains discovered|
|1927||The Cabin for Mrs. Burns built ;||Mr. Pope, naturalists visits||Performance by school of Sun...|
|1928||Miss Melville takes charge of school||Ethel de Long Zande's death; Mr. Hadley's death||Creech family [reunion?]|
|1929||Plan for electricity Power House ;||Miss Kimano; Home Ec. Extension||"Sun Up"play in N.Y; Performance of Robin Hood|
|1930||End of 5-6 grades; Testing||Line Fork Cabin fire; School on Isaacs Run.||Miss Pettit retires||Dr. Ida Stapleton & Rev. Stapleton arrive ;||Pageant on Aunt Sal's Day; Book published [?]|
|1931||Crayfish in reservoir||Agrit?? added; Co-op started?||Glyn Morris arrives as Director|
|1932||Print shop||Boy shot on May Day||PMSS Health Assoc. created||Forest fence [?]; Mikado|
|1935||Diesel Plant;||Counsellor Sinoanc ?? last for PMSS ...?|
|1936||Death of Miss Pettit||PMSS Octet on tour;|
|1937||Sundance Inst. ; Pack horse librarian||Students In N.Y. on tour ;|
|1938||Milk House; Reading Room f ...; Swimming Pool|
|Churnaw? Home Ec. Worker||6 delics??||Silver Jubilee; Singers at White House, D.C.|
|1939||Stage in Burkham built;||School gets "A" rating; Junior|
class; Community group
|1940||Old Laurel House burns; New Laurel House begun;||School poultry discontinued|
|1941||Sleeping porches on Boy's House closed; West|
Wind begun; Jubilee built
|Home Ec. for boys and Mechanics for girls||Extension and guidance|
|1942||West Wind completed and dedicated; REA arrives||5th Guidance Institute||Glen Morris leaves; Mr. Webb comes||Harmon Fd.Film ; Strep throat epidemic; Pur town co-op; Mid-summers Night Dream produced|
|1949||Boarding School closes|
|1956||Rural school ??|
|1972||Environmental Education Program begins ;|
|2013||100 YEAR CELEBRATION|
HISTORY Chronology I 1912-1942