HISTORY Chronology

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 04: Histories
Series 09: Built Environment

HISTORY Chronology

CHRONOLOGY OF KEY EVENTS AND DATES AT PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL

1912        Katherine Pettit and Ethel de Long planning; negotiations for William Creech and Nolan land.

1913        John Shell “Gray” Cottage; Store Building and Masonic Lodge; 3 Tents; Sawmill; May 15, Big Log house begun.

1914        Old Log House reconstructed; “House in the Woods“; Big Log house completed; Farm House begun.

1915          Tool House I completed; Reservoir started.

1916          Barn constructed; Laurel House I begun; Zande House begun; Open House built in summer (owners Hook, Butler, Cathcart [?])

1917          Zande House under construction; Mary Sinclair Burkham School House I completed.

1918          House in the Woods; Pole House built; Big Laurel Medical Center begun; Death of Uncle William Creech; Marriage of Ethel de Long and Luigi Zande in CT; first issue of NOTES of the Pine Mountain Settlement School. 1918 Pandemic in Harlan County.

1919        Pole House constructed; Office constructed; Big Laurel Medical Center begun; Burkham School House I destroyed by fire; Robbins cabin & school on Little Laurel active.

1920          New Mary Sinclair Burkham School House II begun; Boy’s House built; Line Fork Settlement begun; Medical Center at Big Laurel active; Infirmary begun; Line Fork settlement finished; High School begun.

1921        Infirmary (Hill House) building construction; Electricity in place; Health House at Line Fork is begun. Staff member Lura Parsons murdered.

1922         Chapel construction; Line Fork Med. Settlement continues; Boy’s Industrial Building (Workshop).

1923          Planned Swimming Pool; Water at Medical Settlement; Construction of Country Cottage [Practice House].

1924          Dedication of the Charlotte F. Hedges Chapel.

1925          Girl’s Industrial Building constructed.

1926          Little Log Cabin (Doctor’s Cabin) for Mrs. Burns, the farmer, begun.

1927          Little Log Cabin [Little Log House] constructed for Mrs. Burns the farmer; Addition to Infirmary

1928          Death of Ethel de Long Zande; Plan for electricity.

1929          Plans for electricity underway; Electrical Power House built; Line Fork Settlement fire destroys Cabin; Cabin is re-built after fire.

1930          Crayfish in Reservoir; Agriculture added to curriculum; Co-ops studied; Print Shop.

1931          Glyn Morris assumes Director position; Reservoir issues (crayfish); Uncle John Lewis (Fiddler) dies.

1932          Katherine Pettit, founder, retires; Midsummer Night’s Dream play; Mikado musical.

1933        Testing of students is begun; Mikado; Lumbering down Greasy and on Line Fork; Far House Girl’s Mummer’s Play; Pinafore musical.

1934        Diesel Plant begun; Student Counselor added to staff; Insurance instituted for PMSS staff; Guests Doris Ulmann and John Jacob Niles; singing group to WJZ Radio City Music Hall; Pinafore performed.

1935          Diesel Plan developed; Widespread flooding of campus, May; Pinafore performed [?].

1936          Death of Katherine Pettit; Diesel and street lights installed.

1937          Milk House built; Reading room added to library; Pack horse librarians; Silver Jubilee; NYC trip; Octet at White House.

1938          Milk House completed; Swimming Pool issues resolved.

1939          Burkham Schoolhouse II stage constructed.

1940      Old Laurel House I burns, Jan. 29; New Laurel House II is begun; poultry discontinued.

1941      Sleeping porches at Boy’s House closed; West Wind begun; Jubilee Cottage built; Director Glyn Morris departs; Harmon Foundation film; strep throat epidemic; William Webb hired as Director.

1942    West Wind construction completed and dedicated; REA comes to valley; William Webb assumes Director position; 5th Youth Guidance Institute.

1943

1944

1945

1946        Co-op Group led by Gladys Hill; May Day on Dancing Green; 100th Anniversary of Uncle William’s birth (b. 1845); School song.

1947        Heart and Cravin’ Virginia MA Thesis.

1948          Section from the class of ’44 How Beautiful are the Feet …; Survey of graduates;  Education survey.

1949          Boarding School closes; Louise Fliermans and Home Economics classes; Richard Chase as guest; Change to Elementary classes.

1950          Community School begins; Children’s library; Quaker Work Camp.

1951          Fu-Liang Chang Study of PMSS.

1952

1953        William and Fern Hayes leave Pine Mountain; Brit Wilder assumes farm management. 

1954

1955

1956        Alvin Boggs teaches vocational training.

1957

1958       Pine Mountain Hospital closed on May 1.

1958

1960

1961

1962

1963          ‘Little School’ instituted by Mildred Mahoney – precursor to Federal Head Start programs.

1964

1965     Girl Scouts, Troop 592, chartered October 1965; Cub Scouts, Pack 37, Chartered December,1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972          Mary Rogers begins Environmental Education Program.

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013      Centennial Celebration

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019    Director Geoff Marietta leaves; Preston Jones appointed Interim Director and then Director; Ben Begley, EE instructor dies.

2020    COVID-19 Pandemic.


TABLE

chronology.htm

CHRONOLOGY

BUILDINGSEDUCATIONEXTENSION PROGRAMSPEOPLEMEDICALCELEBRATION &
SPECIAL EVENTS
YearBuildings
& Physical Plant
EducationExtensionPersonnelHealthSpecial
1912Letters to establish school
1913John Shell "Gray" Cottage ; Store
Building and Masonic Lodge ;

3 Tents

Sawmill

May 15- Big Log house begun
Robin Hood Play
1914Old Log House ; "House
in the Woods"
; Big Log
house completed ; Farm House begun ; 
1915Tool House40 children enrolled
1916Barn
is built ;
1917Zande HouseCecil Sharp's visit
1918Death of Uncle WilliamShakespeare play
1919Pole House constructed ;  Office
constructed; Big Laurel  Medical Center begun ; old Burkham School burns
Farm[?] Robbins cabin & school on L.
Laurel;
Dental Clinic; Medical SettlementRoad started; Old fashioned ...?; May Day
1920New Burkham School; Boy's
House
; Line Fork
begun
S CantoAngela Melville in Extension Center campaign ;Aeroplane over PMSS; Peter Pan ; Pageant of PMSS history
1921InfirmaryWeaving at Old Log; Pine [?] Lane around
School
Regional schools work ; Coil Branch ; Bear Branch ; Little Laurel Community Fair Day began
1922Chapel; Line Fork Med. Settlement ; Boy's
Industrial Building
(Workshop)
Eye, ear, nose, throat clinic
1923Planned Swimming Pool; Water at Med.Settlement
; Construction of Country
Cottage
[Practice House]
1924Dedication of the Chapel; School Grades 1-4 ended; 1st High School graduatesPercy MacKaye,Playwrite and poet spent summerLogging train
1925Girl's
Industrial Building
Brooms in Bee Drad...?Aunt Sal's death
1926Indian Cave remains  discovered
1927The Cabin for Mrs. Burns built ;Mr. Pope, naturalists visitsPerformance by school of Sun...
1928Miss Melville takes charge of schoolEthel de Long Zande's death; Mr. Hadley's deathCreech family [reunion?]
1929Plan for electricity Power House ; Miss Kimano; Home Ec. Extension"Sun Up"play in N.Y; Performance of Robin Hood
1930End of 5-6 grades; TestingLine Fork Cabin fire; School on Isaacs Run.Miss Pettit retiresDr. Ida Stapleton & Rev. Stapleton arrive ;Pageant on Aunt Sal's Day; Book published [?]
1931Crayfish in reservoirAgrit?? added; Co-op started?Glyn Morris arrives as Director
1932Print shopBoy shot on May DayPMSS Health Assoc. createdForest fence [?]; Mikado
1933
1934Testing
1935Diesel Plant;Counsellor Sinoanc ?? last for PMSS ...?
1936Death of Miss PettitPMSS Octet on tour;
1937Sundance Inst. ; Pack horse librarianStudents In N.Y. on tour ;
1938Milk House; Reading Room f ...; Swimming Pool
resolved
Churnaw? Home Ec. Worker6 delics??Silver Jubilee; Singers at White House, D.C.
1939Stage in Burkham built;School gets "A" rating; Junior
class; Community group
PMSS Institute
1940Old Laurel House burns; New Laurel House begun;School poultry discontinued
1941Sleeping porches on Boy's House closed; West
Wind begun; Jubilee built
Home Ec. for boys and Mechanics for girlsExtension and guidance
1942West Wind completed and dedicated; REA arrives5th Guidance InstituteGlen Morris leaves; Mr. Webb comesHarmon Fd.Film ; Strep throat epidemic; Pur town co-op; Mid-summers Night Dream produced
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949Boarding School closes
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956Rural school ??
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972Environmental Education Program begins ;
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
20010
2011
2012
2013100 YEAR CELEBRATION
2014