Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 10: Built Environment

ZANDE HOUSE, 1917 – present

TAGS: Zande House ; Ethel de Long Zande ; Luigi Zande ; stonemasons ; building inventories ; Dr. Tracy Jones ; Florence Jones; Barbara Jones; Bronwynn Jones; Mary Fairchild Jones; Ruth Ellen Jones; Ben and Pat Begley ; Environmental Education director ; Dogwood Breakfasts

Zande House was named after its builder, owners and occupants, Ethel de Long Zande and Luigi Zande. The home was designed and constructed by Luigi Zande in 1917 when he married the School’s founder, Ethel de Long. Mr. Zande was an accomplished stonemason and builder and his work may be seen in this building and also found in other buildings on the campus, particularly in the Chapel.

Zande House from Far House. [Photo by Sally Loomis, 1930.] [nace_1_054b.jpg]

An evaluation of the building was done in July 1927:

In July of 1927 the value of Zande House was $3,142.00
repairs (1927-28)                                                     201.05
TOTAL VALUE                                                       $3,343.05

Repairs included tub, etc.  = $73.88
ceiling, flooring, plumbing  = $33.30

Following the occupancy by the Zandes, the building was sold to the School to be used as a memorial to Ethel de Long Zande at the discretion of the Board of Directors. The house was sold for a nominal sum as shown in this record, dated May 23, 1928:

Zande House. Record of disposition by Luigi Zande, May 23, 1928. [zande_corresp_007.jpg]

ZANDE HOUSE: After the Zandes

Zande House became the annual site of the Dogwood Breakfast, a celebration of spring and a time when all staff workers at the School gathered on the west terrace of the building to enjoy a waffle breakfast and the view down the long valley which stretches out below the terrace.

Bartlett, Glyn Morris, Hank Savage. Dr. Ruth Stapelton, E. Frank, Edith Brooks [?], Rev. Robert Stapelton on front, lft. , Dogwood Breakfast, 1934. X_099_workers_2501c_mod.jpg

Dogwood Breakfast, 1934. Staff, including Glyn Morris (in vest), Hank Savage. Dr. Ruth Stapleton, E. Frank, Edith Brooks [?], Rev. Robert Stapleton in front, left. , and others , DX_099_workers_2501c_mod.jpg]

In 1941, in the inventory of buildings at Pine Mountain by the director Glyn Morris, the building and equipment were valued at $4834.00. The structure is described as a one-and-half-story stone veneer and frame building. It is irregular in shape and height and exhibits some of the best stonework of houses at the School. Part of the irregularity of the house-shape is found in the shed dormers of the roof-line. The upper-level framework is covered with shingles. The windows are of a casement type and the door has a bracketed hood. The original building had six rooms and a bath.

Following the initial construction of Zande House, there have been subsequent remodels, particularly in 1983 when the interior was remodeled to bring the kitchen and some living areas up to date.

Zande House, Nov. 2014. View of house from below. Photo courtesy of Elanor Brawner. [DSC00898.jpg]

After PMSS acquired Zande House from Luigi Zande following Ethel del Long Zande’s death, it was used to house various directors of the School.

In the 1930s Director Glyn Morris completed an inventory of “Equipment” at the School that included buildings. He noted then that the building contained 6 rooms and was “comfortable. It was the residence of Glyn Morris and his wife during the years he served as Director of Pine Mountain (1931-1941) and later was occupied in the 1940s by Director H.R.S. Benjamin and his wife.

Later in the 1950s, Dr. Tracy Jones and his wife Florence and children, Barbara, Bronwynn, Mary and Ruth lived in the building. Jones was appointed to head the new Hospital at PMSS next door at the West Wind building and served on the staff at the School from 1952-1955.

For almost twenty-six years Zande House was home for Ben Begley, director of the Environmental Education program and his wife, Pat. When they retired, the new Environmental Education Director, Susan Brown, lived in the building. Today, it is primarily used to house visitors and staff at the School.

Zande House, Nov. 2014. Photo courtesy of Elanor Brawner. [zande_house_001.jpg]


See Also:




Zande House

Alt. Title

Zandes’ House




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ethel de Long Zande ; Luigi Zande ;

Subject Keyword

Zande House ; Zandes’ House ; Ethel de Long Zande ; Luigi Zande ; stone masons ; Chapel ; remodeling ; Glyn Morris ; stone veneers ; frame buildings ; shed dormers ; shingles ; casement windows ; bracketed hoods ; directors’ housing ; Dr. Tracey Jones family ; Ben Begley ; Pat Begley ; Dogwood Breakfast ; spring celebration ; staff ; terraces ; waffle breakfasts ; Berto Zande ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;

Subject LCSH

Zande House — Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Architecture — Pine Mountain Settlement School.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Historic Buildings — Kentucky — Appalachia.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY




Collections ; text ; JPG images ;


Original and copies of images, documents, and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet


Series 10: Built Environment (Physical Plant)




Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 10: Built Environment (Physical Plant) ; Kentucky Virtual Library collections <> [searchable]
Berea College Southern Appalachian Archives <>
Transylvania College Archives <>
Univ. of KY Appalachian Archives <>
National Historic Landmarks Database <>

Coverage Temporal

1917 – present

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;


Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.




Core documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers about Zande House; clippings, photographs, books about Zande House;


Constructed 1917


Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers, Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last Updated

2014-01-18 hw ; 2014-05-21 aae ; 2014-11-06 hhw ; 2017-10-21 hhw; 2020-03-18 hhw;



Biography of Ethel de Long Zande. PMSS archives website. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers, Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

Biography of Luigi Zande. PMSS archives website. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers, Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

National Historic Landmarks Database < (accessed 2014-05-21). Internet resource.

Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Archival material.