Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: BIOGRAPHY – Staff
Louise Fliermans Staff,  Feb 1948 – June 1949
Marguerite Louise Richards Fliermans (1921-2005)


Louise Fliermans, Home Economics teacher, dancing with Weaver Smith of Harlan at a dance at the Country Club, 1948. Photo Arthur Dodd ? [X_100_workers_2591_mod]

TAGS: Louise Fliermans, Marguerite Louise Richards Fliermans, PMSS teachers, WWII, home economics, dietitians, Carl Bernard Fliermans, war widows, University of Illinois, Wesley Foundation, Eastern Illinois College, Burton Rogers, Arthur W. Dodd, Daughters of the American Revolution, Carl Fliermans River Nature Preserve, Little Vermilion River, Captain Carl Wilfred Fliermans


Home Economics Teacher & Dietitian, February 1948 – June 1949

Louise B. Fliermans, c. 1947. [fliermans_louise_094.jpg]

Louise Fliermans came to work at Pine Mountain Settlement School as a teacher and dietitian in February of 1948. Recently widowed when she lost her husband of two years in WWII, her association with Pine Mountain was part of a difficult journey taken by many war widows. Pine Mountain became a place of healing and of growth for the determined new teacher. Her association with the settlement school became a long and affectionate one. Her correspondence stretches from the date of her application for a position at the School in 1947 until 1964, when she was last in contact with Burton Rogers, then PMSS Director.

LOUISE FLIERMANS: Before Pine Mountain

Marguerite Louise Richards Fliermans was born in Illinois on March 19, 1921, and grew up in the Olivet, Illinois, community. She and her husband had a child prior to her husband’s death and now she was a single parent. The son, Carl Barnard Fliermans, was a toddler when she made application to teach at Pine Mountain. Her father, a businessman, and the rest of her family were supportive but Louise was insistent on maintaining her independence and self-sufficiency. Even so, several members of her family — her son, her father, her mother, and a younger sister — accompanied Louise when she came to Pine Mountain on an exploratory trip in August 1947.

During her brief years with her husband, Louise was a homemaker. Following her husband’s death during WWII she became fiercely independent. Refusing assistance from her parents she and her young son made their own way. She went back to school to continue preparation for a teaching career that would support her and Carl B. She chose to attend the University of Illinois in Champaign, Illinois, a location close to family, where she pursued and completed her requirements for a B.S. degree in Vocational Home Economics. Using her skills as a homemaker, she devised a plan that would bring in income while she attended school. She rented a house near the school, refurbished it, and took in boarders which paid for the rent as well as her school expenses. She was highly organized, a trait that followed her for her lifetime. Her competence and Pine Mountain’s needs were a good match.

One of her instructors said of her that,

One cannot help but admire Mrs. Fliermans for so bravely facing her problems with a smile — never complaining or offering excuses. Her scholastic standing is slightly better than average, but her personality traits are superior.

In February of 1947, Louise received her B.S. degree from the University of Illinois and completed her practice teaching. She arrived at Pine Mountain to work in February 1948. The settlement school position was her first full-time teaching assignment. She was 26 years old.

LOUISE FLIERMANS: Applying to Pine Mountain

She learned of the Pine Mountain Settlement School in Harlan County through association with the Wesley Foundation in Urbana, Illinois, where she was finishing her teacher’s training. A Dr. Burt of the Wesley Foundation told her of the opening. Mrs. Cullen Owens [Janet Owens], also associated with the Wesley Foundation and who had visited the School, described its mission to Mrs. Fliermans who became very interested in the School’s unique objectives. One attraction as described by Louise was due to her heritage — her mother who had been born in Kentucky and her family of farmers who had nurtured her in a rural and farming environment.

Regarding her son, Carl, who was 3 1/2 years old at the time, she noted that his care by the girls at the School could serve as “an experience in child development and guidance.” She came with high recommendations. One reference, Elizabeth Lawson, Dean of Women at Eastern Illinois College, in Charleston, described her as a “splendid young woman of fine character and high standards. She has much to give the students.” A personal letter was written to Arthur W. Dodd, the current Principal of PMSS, from Janet Owens who lauded her skills and temperament.

…Cullen and I think she’d be a real “find” for the job…. if there’s work to be done at school (Louise helped with the local kindergarten class) she always is willing to do more than her share despite her own heavy responsibilities … she is absolutely dependable and the kind of a person the girls would be willing and happy to work with.

In this recommendation, Janet Owens makes a common assumption that home economics is only for girls. Louise Fliermans trained under what was referred to as the Smith-Hughes Act training principles. The Smith-Hughes Act was formerly part of the National Vocational Education Act which was adopted in 1917 and that provided federal support to states that promoted pre-collegiate vocational education in the areas of agriculture, industrial arts and home economics. The Act later came under stiff criticism for differentiating the secondary-education curriculum and also for encouraging class, race, gender, and other inequalities through vocational educational programs. At Pine Mountain, the Smith-Hughes Act was under a more progressive interpretation and courses in home economics were shared with both sexes and auto-mechanics and woodworking were not just male offerings at the School.

Following the visit to Pine Mountain by Mrs. Fliermans, Carl B., and her parents prior to her graduation from the University of Illinois, she was very pleased with what she saw and Pine Mountain was pleased with her. She was enthusiastically endorsed for employment at the School by the Board of Trustees in late November 1947 and she was scheduled to begin her duties the first week in February 1948, following her graduation.

LOUISE FLIERMANS Staff: At Pine Mountain

Louise was hired to teach home economics and to serve as the School’s dietitian. She and her young son, Carl B., started a long association with Pine Mountain Settlement School and the many friends they made while living there.

On arrival, she was first housed in Boy’s House in the workers’ quarters, where she and her son joined the housemother, Miss Josephine Merrill. While the small rooms were cramped, the meals were shared with other staff at the Laurel House dining room where she served as a dietitian. Like so many staff at the School, she and Carl B. were then shifted to various housing situations on the campus when the pressures on housing changed at the end of the boarding school years (1949).

In the classroom Louise was a much sought-after teacher and her skills in home economics was often sought out by the staff to address many questions regarding food, decorating, sewing, and other skills.

Girls working at a table. The original photo was accompanied with a list of names: Warren, Lewis, Carter, Mrs. Fliermans, Collins, Lucas, Boggs. [nace_II_album_040.jpg]

In correspondence with Pine Mountain, her son Carl B. Fliermans wrote fondly of the years he spent as a child at the School:

It seems my roots have never gone far from PMSS since my mother, Louise Fliermans, taught Home Economics there in the late 40’s and early 50’s when I was a small lad. My memories of the Pine Mountain Settlement School in those days were enhanced by the Rogers’ [Christopher Rogers] and the Hayes’ boys [Steve Hayes] being my constant companions as we roamed and explored the Greasy Creek watershed. Our accommodations were in Boys House, as I believe it was called, along with some of the high school students. It was a memory making time. 

In my mind, the school is a vibrant memory of chapel services, Yule logs, Mummers’ Plays, square dancing in the dining hall, and cornbread and milk suppers. Scrapbooks kept during those times are still part of our family. The joys of listening to Dick Chase tell stories from his “Grandfather Tales” and the fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen are remembered with fondness. Those times of yesteryears are part of my makeup.

Carl B. grew up, received a Ph.D. from Indiana University in Microbiology, Limnology, and Ecology, and became one of the country’s leading scientists in that field of study. Following the outbreak of a mysterious disease, Carl B. and colleagues isolated the Legionnaire’s Disease bacterium as the cause of a severe illness in those who come in contact with the bacterium. His discovery led to his appointment as a special investigator for the CDC. Today, he serves on several boards, including Asbury College where, as an alum, he was recently honored for his “life of integrity and a career of monumental accomplishment. We stand in awe of a giant, tall among his peers as a research scientist. ” [To see a full tribute to Carl B. from Asbury College: https://www.asbury.edu/about/offices/student-services/alumni/alumni-awards/#previous

His mother taught him expertly as she did so many others. As one of the staff who experienced the transition from boarding school to community school when the boarding school closed in 1949, Louise weathered some difficult times and teaching environments and brought her wise counsel to the difficult transition. Her correspondence reflects her deep involvement in the turbulent educational transition. Yet, when Louise left Pine Mountain Settlement School in June 1949, it was with sadness and to the regret of many students and staff.

Louise was also an elegant folk dancer, as were many on the staff at the School. Dancing was both exercise as well as recreation. Folk dancing, a favorite activity at the School soon spread to other locations in the county. In the photograph at the top of this page, Louise is shown dancing with Weaver Smith at the Harlan County Country Club.

LOUISE FLIERMANS: After Pine Mountain

When Louise left the School in 1949, intent on securing a Master’s degree and a better salary, she did so reluctantly. She quickly accomplished her second educational goal and with her Master’s credential in hand, she found employment teaching in several secondary schools close by her family home in Danville, Illinois, the county seat of Vermilion County. There, she could more easily offer her son the education she desired for him. Eventually, she became Head of the Home Economics Department at Danville High School and a much-admired member of the local educational programs. In the community, she was an active member of the Vermilion County Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution and other civic and church organizations.

Upon her retirement, she returned to her beloved family farm in Georgetown, Illinois. It was there that she established the Carl Fliermans’ River Nature Preserve along the nearby Little Vermilion River for all to enjoy. It was, in many ways, her homage to her husband and to the memory of the natural setting of Pine Mountain.

Throughout her life, Louise Fliermans was masterful at juggling. Whether continuing a long commitment to teaching, filling in occasionally for vacationing or departing workers at Pine Mountain, working as a dietitian, continuing her graduate school work, or maintaining a close vigilance of her son’s education, she was positive, sharing, and a superb role model. She continued her interest in helping Pine Mountain through material and monetary donations for her lifetime. It is interesting that in a virtual way [as part of the Archive of PMSS is now located there] both Louise and Carl B. have “returned” to Boy’s House where others may continue to be reminded of the woman who indeed had “superior personality traits.”


Marguerite Louise Richards Fliermans died on November 13, 2005, at the age of 84. She was buried at Cedar Memorial Park Cemetery, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. She had been living in Georgetown, Illinois, at the time of her death. She is survived by her son, Dr. Carl Bernard Fliermans (born c. 1943), and his wife, Ruth Ann (Horstman), of Augusta, Georgia, a sister, Sara Kay Frank, of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, four grandchildren and one great-grandchild.

Her husband, Captain Carl Wilfred Fliermans, was born in 1919 and died on Sept 2, 1944, at age 24 or 25. He, too, is buried at Cedar Memorial Park. 

See Also:
(October 10, 1947 – July 10, 1950)
(August 4, 1950 – July 28, 1954)
(January 22, 1955 – April 14, 1964)


Louise Fliermans

Alt. Title

Marguerite Louise Richards Fliermans ; Marguerite Louise Richards ; Marguerite Louise Fliermans ; Mrs. C.W. Fliermans ;




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;

Subject Keyword

Louise Fliermans; Marguerite Louise Richards Fliermans ; Marguerite Louise Richards ; Marguerite Louise Fliermans ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; War widows ; University of Illinois ; Wesley Foundation ; Eastern Illinois College ; Burton Rogers ; Arthur W. Dodd ; Daughters of the American Revolution ; Carl Fliermans River Nature Preserve ; Little Vermilion River ; donations ; Sara Kay Frank ; Captain Carl Wilfred Fliermans

Subject LCSH

Fliermans, Louise, — 1921 – 2005.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.


2018-03-25 hhw; 2018-04-12 hhw ;


Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY




Collections ; text ; image ;


Original and copies of documents and correspondence boxed in Director’s Files, Personnel Records. See also Filing cabinet, Series 09.


Series 09: BIOGRAPHY – Staff




Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 09: BIOGRAPHY – Staff.

Coverage Temporal

1919 – 2005

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Champaign, IL ; Urbana, IL ; Charleston, IL ; Danville, IL; Georgetown, IL ; Cedar Rapids, IA ; Augusta, GA ; Lancaster, PA ;


Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.




Core documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers of Louise B. Fliermans ; clippings, photographs, books by or about Louise B. Fliermans ;




“[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last Updated

2018-04-07 aae ; 2018-04-08 hhw; 2022-10-16 aae ; 2022-10-31 aae ; 2023-10-23 aae ;



“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch   (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVGT-VCV2 : accessed 2018-04-07), Marguerite Louise Richards Fliermans, 2005; Burial, Cedar Rapids, Linn, Iowa, United States of America, Cedar Memorial Park; citing record ID 134092948, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com. Internet resource.

“United States, GenealogyBank Obituaries, 1980-2014,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QKRF-RV7W : accessed 2018-04-07), Mrs Louise Fliermans, Georgia, United States, 16 Nov 2005; from “Recent Newspaper Obituaries (1977 – Today),” database, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : 2014); citing Augusta Chronicle, The, born-digital text. Internet resource.

“Louise Fliermans Obituary.” The Augusta (GA) Chronicle, November 16, 2005.[http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/augustachronicle/obituary.aspx?n=louise-fliermans&pid=15682361 ; accessed 2018-04-07.Internet resource.

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