FARM HOUSE

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 10: BUILT ENVIRONMENT

Farm House, 1916 – present

Farm House - Exterior view with 3 students on boulder in front of house; 1940s.

Farm House – Exterior view with 3 students on boulder in front of house; 1940s.

Farm House was constructed in 1916-1917 to serve as the residence of the Settlement School’s farmer and crew. The design was by Mary Rockwell Hook and the site was planned to provide ease of access to the Barn and other farm-related areas on the nearby South-facing hillside.

The structure was enlarged in 1918-1919 and underwent a full remodel in 1941. In a 1941 inventory of the physical facilities at Pine Mountain conducted by director, Glyn Morris, the Farm House and its equipment were valued at $3772.00.

The building is a wooden frame building of one and 1/2 stories. Basically, it is a two-story structure with cross-gabled framing. However, the roof of the façade gable extends into a porch that is recessed but contains a small room above. The siding is a simple dropped horizontal board siding. In 1941 the windows were a mixture of casement windows as well as double-hung sash windows. A separate carport was constructed in the 1950s on the north side of the building opposite the kitchen area. A unique feature of the building is its construction adjacent to a large boulder which serves as a terrace area at the entrance of the building.

The building had no boiler and was heated originally by a coal stove in the living room and kitchen of the house. Today, a heat-pump provides heating for the facility. The facility was also described as “adequate for housekeeping,”in 1941,  referring to the presence of a kitchen. The interior is comprised of seven rooms and a bath. A toilet and sink were added in 20110 (?) to the small entryway just off the kitchen. The height of the upper rooms is limited by the slope of the roof. A dirt-floor basement is located on the south side of the building and is faced with fieldstone.

Residents of the building included various farmers and, during the boarding school years, various teachers and staff including in the early 1940’s the LaRue family.  In the late 1940s the Arthur Dodd family lived in the structure.

The Farm House was entered as one of the 25 contributing buildings to the National Register of Historic Places, United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service, in 1978 (revised 1986) when Pine Mountain became a National Historic Landmark site.


GALLERY: FARM HOUSE

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Entry describing the Farm House in the National Register of Historic Places, United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service, 1978:

Pine Mountain Settlement School                                                                                         (added 1978 – – #78001337) E of Bledsoe on KY 510
Historic Significance: Person, Event
Historic Person: Pettit, Katherine, et al.
Significant Year: 1913
Area of Significance: Social History, Other-Ethnic, Education
Period of Significance: 1925-1949, 1900-1924
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic, Education, Health Care
Historic Sub-function: Educational Related Housing, School, Single Dwelling
Current Function: Education
Current Sub-function: School

Title

Farm House

Alt. Title

Farmer’s House

Identifier

Permalink: https://pinemountainsettlement.net/?page_id=4550

Creator

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;

Subject Keyword

Farm House ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; farm ; built environment ; buildings ; architecture ; farmers ; Barn ; Glyn Morris ; cross-gabled framing ; facades ; gables ; siding ; casement windows ; double-hung sash windows ; carports ; boulders ; terraces ; coal stove heating ; basements ; fieldstone ; teachers ; staff ; LaRue family ; Arthur Dodd family ; National Register of Historic Places ; United States Department of the Interior ; National Parks Service ; National Historic Landmark sites ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;

Subject LCSH

Farm House — Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Farm House — Pine Mountain Settlement School — Architecture.
Farm life — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Farmers — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Agriculture — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Appalachian Region, Southern — Social life and customs.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.

Date

1916 – present

Publisher

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Contributor

n/a

Type

Collections ; text ; image ;

Format

Original and copies of documents, correspondence and photographs in file folders in filing cabinet

Source

Series 10: Built Environment

Language

English

Relation

Is related to: Series 10: Built Environment ; National Register of Historic Places, United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service. 1978 designation.

Coverage Temporal

1916 – present

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;

Rights

Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Donor

n/a

Description

Core documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers of the Farm House ; clippings, photographs, books about the Farm House ;

Acquisition

n/d

Citation

Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers, Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle

Last Updated

2014-01-17 hhw ; 2014-05-15 aae ;

Bibliography

Sources

National Register of Historic Places, United States Department of the Interior, National Parks Service. National Landmarks. Registration form. Internet resource.

Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Archival material.

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