Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 10: BUILT ENVIRONMENT
TAGS: Pine Mountain Settlement School ; settlement schools ; Friends of Pine Mountain ; sawmills ; settlers ; porches ; fireplaces ; dog trots ; cabins ; barns ; Adrian Metcalf ; hand-hewn logs ; Indian Cliff ; Big Log ; Katherine Pettit ; log house reconstruction ; Mary Rockwell Hook ; staff residences ; weaving centers ; Fireside industries ; bathrooms ; Evelyn Wells ;Margaret Motter ; Burton Rogers family ; Barry family ; Barny Junkers ; Paul Hayes ; Mattie Hayes ; Gift Shop ; vernacular architecture ; logs ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Old Log house ; cabins ; log cabins ; 1914 ; architectural reconstructon ; Peter Barry ; Barny Junker ; Katherine Pettit ; Mary Rockwell Hook ; Margaret Motter ; Paul Hayes ; “Mac: Hayes
Old Log was the first building at Pine Mountain. A note in a letter to Friends of Pine Mountain, November 14, 1914, described the history of the building in the year of its reconstruction:
While the mill was sawing splendid timber from trees out on our own ground, we built us, at the entrance to the grounds, our first house, a log cabin the logs for which had been hewn ninety years ago for the original home of the first settler on this property. We could not find it in our hearts to destroy the ancient landmarks, so we hewed a few new logs and rebuilt the house.
With its wide porch, fireplace, and charming low-ceiled rooms, it preserves the cheerful homeliness of pioneer days. We have gathered into it not only the homespun covers, quaint bedsteads hand-wrought andirons, the hunter’s gun and pouch of the past, but a group of little boys who love to sit by the fire after supper singing “Barbara Allen” or swapping ha’nt tales.
True to the spirit of the old days it is a hospitable house, and contrives to have a welcome and comfort for three grown ups and eight children in its two rooms, dog trot, and airy loft. In the morning it hums with sounds, while untrained little hands are learning how to make its beds “pretty” and keep its floors clean. At night you hear astonishing things, as teeth are washed and feet are scrubbed for bed. “I aim to stay with ye till you run me off. You don’t reckon you’ll run me off till I’m twenty, do ye?”
The original structure was not just a “cabin”, but was also a barn and its original owner was Adrian Metcalf. The hand-hewn logs from the Metcalf cabin and barn were brought to the present location just below the Indian Cliff and reconstructed to form an office and sleeping space for the first staff at the School while the larger cabin, Big Log, was being constructed. One of the first residents was Katherine Pettit.
The reconstructed log structure was in place by 1914, designed according to plans drawn up by the School’s architect, Mary Rockwell Hook. The logs used in Old Log were described as “one hundred years old” in 1926, making the structure’s logs some one hundred and eighty-seven years old in 2013.
Following the early occupation by staff, the building in the 1920s was designated as the weaving center and housed the Fireside Industries of the School. In 1937 the building was altered by the enclosure of the “dog trot,” the narrow go-between situated between the two cabin rooms, and the installation of an indoor bathroom.
In 1987, the small cabin was remodeled once again, this time to more comfortably accommodate staff. The kitchen and bathroom and upper level were given particular attention, as was a deteriorating back wall which was partially replaced. The total cost of the reconstruction is recorded as $605.00 in Evelyn Wells‘ historical notes.
Residents of the small cabin included Margaret Motter, the Rogers family, the Barry family, Barny Junkers, a physician who worked for the regional hospital, and in the 1980s, Paul Hayes, Director, and his wife, Mattie.
Today it serves as the Gift Shop for the institution.
GALLERY: OLD LOG
|Alt. Title||Old Log Cabin|
|Creator||Pine Mountain Settlement School|
|Alt. Creator||Mary Rockwell Hook|
|Subject Keyword :||Pine Mountain Settlement School ; settlement schools ; Friends of Pine Mountain ; sawmills ; settlers ; porches ; fireplaces ; dog trots ; cabins ; barns ; Adrian Metcalf ; hand-hewn logs ; Indian Cliff ; Big Log ; Katherine Pettit ; log house reconstruction ; Mary Rockwell Hook ; staff residences ; weaving centers ; Fireside industries ; bathrooms ; Evelyn Wells ;Margaret Motter ; Burton Rogers family ; Barry family ; Barny Junkers ; Paul Hayes ; Mattie Hayes ; Gift Shop ; vernacular architecture ; logs ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;|
|Subject LCSH||Old Log Cabin — Pine Mountain Settlement School — History.
Old Log Cabin — Pine Mountain Settlement School — Architecture.
Education — Appalachian Region.
Pine Mountain Settlement School — History.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Rural schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.
|Date||2001-05-27 ; 2013-10-12 ;|
|Publisher||Pine Mountain Settlement School|
|Type||collection ; image ; text|
|Format||Documents ; collection of photographs ; misc. formats ; photograph albums ;|
|Source||Series 10: Built Environment|
|Relation||Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 10: Built Environment (Physical Plant) ; Kentucky Virtual Library collections <http://www.kyvl.org/> [searchable]
Berea College Southern Appalachian Archives <http://www.berea.edu/library/Special/saarchives.html>
Transylvania College Archives <http://www.transy.edu/libspcoll.html>
Univ. of KY Appalachian Archives <http://libraries.uky.edu/libpage.php?lweb_id=84&llib_id=13>
National Historic Landmarks Database <http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1756&ResourceType=District>
|Coverage Temporal||1914 – present ;|
|Coverage Spatial||Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;|
|Rights||Any display, publication, or public use must credit Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.|
|Description||Old Log is the oldest structure on the Pine Mountain Settlement School campus. Logs were taken from the cabin and barn of Adrian Metcalf, a neighbor of the School who built the first structures c. 1906. The reconstruction plan was executed in 1914 by Mary Rockwell Hook, architect for the School. Today the small cabin serves as a Gift Shop for the School.|
|Citation||Pine Mountain Settlement School Manuscript Collection, PMSS Archives, Pine Mountain, KY.|
|Processed by||Helen Hayes Wykle, Ann Angel Eberhardt ;|
|Last updated||2006-11-01hw ; 2012-07-01hw ; 2013-09-06 hw ; 2014-05-20aae ;Source:Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers, PMSS Archives, Pine Mountain, KY. Archival material.|