Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: Staff/Personnel
Series 05: Administration – Board of Trustees

Teacher, Fifth Grade, 1928 – 1930
Advisory Board Member

Harriet Crutchfield

Harriet Crutchfield, c. 1928. [X_100_workers_2558_mod.jpg]

TAGS:  Harriet Crutchfield ; Harriet Crutchfield Orndorff ; education ; teachers ; students ; Margaret Motter ; Marian Kingman ; Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School ; Burton Rogers ; Advisory Board ;

Daughter of James S. Crutchfield, a member of the Board of Trustees of Pine Mountain Settlement School (1935-1942), Harriet and family had a deep affection for Pine Mountain and Kentucky. Only at Pine Mountain for two school years, Harriet continued to keep up her correspondence and contributions to the School until ill health in the 1980s limited her activity.

Miss Crutchfield’s association with Pine Mountain began with a June 1928 letter of recommendation to the School from Zita L. Thornbury of the Vocational Bureau at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, in which she wrote:

Harriet had a high academic record. She was class treasurer in her freshman year. She was president of her class the second year. In the last year she had one of the major honors and responsibilities. She was president of Christians’ Association. The social heads of her halls, college women, all spoke very highly of her. She was house president at least once. In character and personality she ranks at the top. At one time she planned to be a missionary. Her home is in Sewickley, Pa. Her church is Presbyterian. Her major subjects in college were Bible, English, Greek and music.

Miss Crutchfield was subsequently hired by Miss Pettit to teach fifth grade at Pine Mountain Settlement School as a volunteer worker from 1928 until 1930, years that she shared with Miss Margaret Motter and Miss Marian Kingman who were also teachers and who became life-long friends. Both Marian Kingman and Harriet Crutchfield later became members of the Pine Mountain Board of Trustees.

According to the spring 1996 issue of Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School, Miss Crutchfield taught in China when she left Pine Mountain. This was “where she first met Burton Rogers, [who] at that time had never heard of Pine Mountain.” In the 1930s Mr. Rogers was the head of the English Department at Yaling, the Yale in China School. In later years (1949-1973) he served as director of Pine Mountain School. While Miss Crutchfield’s correspondence from China during the crisis years of the late 1930s reveals little of her work in China, we know that she was in Peiping (later known as Beijing) as well as Nanking (later, Nanjing), locations that had fallen under brutal Japanese occupation. In August 1939 she wrote the following from Peiping to Glyn Morris

China is a sad, war-torn country these days with no quick solution of her many problems in sight, but as I see the daily headlines in the papers it seems there is scarcely a spot on this earth that is not suffering from war or the threat of war. The high hopes for world peace of ten and fifteen years ago seem almost incredible now.

By 1945 Miss Crutchfield was working as a secretary in Sewickly, Pennsylvania, where her father, J.S. Crutchfield, resided. He was a well-known agricultural trade specialist and president of the American Fruit Growers Association, Inc., a leader in the development of an organized marketing of produce on a national and international scale. The company, centered in Pittsburgh, PA, established the Blue Goose trademark in the first large-scale effort to identify the perishable fruits and vegetables that it sold to the consumer. 

On July 31, 1945, Miss Crutchfield married John Kennerly Orndorff, Jr. in Allegheny County, PA. She would have been 42 years old. Mr. Orndorff, born 1918 in Logan County, KY, was a civil engineer at the time of their marriage. In a January 1946 letter to PMSS Director H.R.S. Benjamin, she thanks him for a student-made walnut table that the School sent to her as a wedding gift, then writes of her love for the School:

My two years at Pine Mountain were among the happiest in my life time and I shall always think of the School as one of my homes. I am looking forward to showing the place off to Mr. Orndorff some time but I really wish we could live there for a while so that he could learn to know the School’s many lovely traditions, its songs and its dances, its varying beauty from season to season, and above all the fine mountain people and the spirit that pervades the School.

The spring 1996 Notes article reported that, as late as 1990, “Paul Hayes [then PMSS Director] and Springer Hoskins [a PMSS Trustee] had a nice visit with Harriet and her husband, John, at their home in Sewickley, Pennsylvania.”

Miss Crutchfield was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on November 10, 1903, the oldest of seven children of Kentucky-born parents, James S. and Alice (Pilkington) Crutchfield. She died in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, in 1999, on the same day that she was born.

Harriet Crutchfield: GALLERY

Click on image for enlargement and full view.



Harriet Crutchfield

Alt. Title

Harriet Crutchfield Orndorff




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Subject Keyword

Harriet Crutchfield ; Harriet Crutchfield Orndorff ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; education ; teachers ; students ; Margaret Motter ; Marian Kingman ; Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School ; Burton Rogers ; Advisory Board ; John Kennerly Orndorff Jr. ; Paul Hayes ; Springer Hoskins ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Sewickley, PA ; China ; Pittsburgh, PA ; James S. Crutchfield ; Alice (Pilkington) Crutchfield ;

Subject LCSH

Crutchfield, Harriet, — 1903 – 1999.
Educators — Biography.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Rural schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Harlan County (KY) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region.




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY




Text ; image ;


Originals and copies of documents and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet.


Series 09: Staff/Personnel ; Series 05: Administration – Board of Trustees ; Series 17: PMSS Publications..




Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 9: Staff/Personnel ; Series 05: Administration – Board of Trustees ; Series 17: PMSS Publications.

Coverage Temporal

1903 – 1999

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Sewickley, PA ; China ; Pittsburgh, PA ;


Any display, publication, or public use must credit Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.




Core documents, correspondence, writing, and administrative papers created by or addressed to Harriet Crutchfield ; clippings, photographs, publications by or about Harriet Crutchfield ; photograph album(s) ;




“[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last Updated

2012-07-12 aae ; 2013-11-08 aae ; 2016-01-08 aae ;



1930 United States Federal Population Census, ED 48-24, sheet 14B (indexed incorrectly as “Morgan Kingman”). https://familysearch.org (accessed 2012-07-16). Internet resource.

“United States Census, 1930”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCHT-VQR : accessed 11 January 2016), James S Crutchfield, 1930. Internet resource.

“Harriet Crutchfield”. Staff Directory 1913 – . Series 09: Staff/Personnel. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

“Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School. (Spring 1996).” Series 17: PMSS Publications. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

“Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885-1950,” index and images, FamilySearch. https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KHXS-CHQ (accessed 08 Nov 2013), John Kennerly Orndorff and Harriet Crutchfield, 31 Jul 1945; citing Allegheny, Pennsylvania, United States, ; FHL microfilm 2024023. Internet resource.

The Story of Pittsburgh. Volume 1. Pittsburgh: First National Bank at Pittsburgh, 1931. Print.