DR. ABBY LITTLE

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 9: Staff/Personnel

Dr. Abby Little
Medical Doctor 1916 – 1918


TAGS: Dr. Abby Little ; physicians ; Pole House ; Clara Davis ; hookworm ; trachoma ; fly-borne diseases ; Old Log ; Infirmary ; medical settlements ; Big Laurel, KY ; Line Fork, KY ; World War I ; ; Mary Rockwell Hook ; Katherine Pettit ; Ethel de Long ;


Dr. Abby Little was the second medical support at Pine Mountain Settlement School. She followed Miss Clara Davis, a nurse, whose pioneering efforts in eradicating hookworm, trachoma, and fly-borne diseases was a model adopted by many of her successors. Clara Davis, the nurse, had ridden into the Pine Mountain valley shortly after the arrival of Miss Pettit and Miss de Long in April of 1913. Mary Rockwell Hook, the School’s architect came later in 1913 to set up the School and can be described as a “founder” in the plans for the School.

Dr. Little came to Pine Mountain in 1916 from Newburyport, Massachusetts (?) and remained until 1918. She picked up the health literacy that had been started by Clara Davis and moved it forward in the now working institution. She lived in “Pole House,” and held her clinics in Old Log, a space that was a challenge in its capacity to serve the ever-growing population of patients as well as children who were in attendance at the School.

World War I was in progress at the time that Dr. Little left Pine Mountain Settlement School. She became involved in tending soldiers overseas, as mentioned in this October 1918 letter written by Dr. Augusta G. Williams to The Radcliffe Quarterly, the Cambridge college’s alumnae magazine:

Ten days ago Dr. Fitch put me, with Dr. Abby Little of Newburyport [Massachusetts] who has joined us, in charge of a big tent of wounded Algerian and Moroccan French soldiers to do all the dressings and have complete authority.

As of 1929, Dr. Little was employed as assistant physician at the Laconia (New Hampshire) State School, an institution for people with developmental disabilities.

Just two years after Dr. Little’s departure, in 1920, the Infirmary was built at the Pine Mountain Settlement School. This rural hospital coordinated its outreach with the new medical settlements at Big Laurel, some four miles from the School on Greasy Creek, and on Line Fork, some six miles east of the Pine Mountain campus.


Title

Dr. Abby Little

Identifier

DR. ABBY LITTLE

Creator

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;

Subject Keyword

Dr. Abby Little ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; physicians ; Pole House ; Clara Davis ; hookworm ; trachoma ; fly-borne diseases ; Old Log ; Infirmary ; medical settlements ; Big Laurel, KY ; Line Fork, KY ; World War I ; Dr. Augusta G. Williams ; Radcliffe Quarterly ; Dr. Fitch ; Laconia State School ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Newburyport, MA ; Cambridge, MA ; Laconia, NH ; Mary Rockwell Hook ; Katherine Pettit ; Ethel de Long ;

Subject LCSH

Little, Dr. Abby.
Davis, Clara.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Rural health services — Appalachian Region — History.
History of Medicine — Biography

Date

2013-11-10

Publisher

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Contributor

n/a

Type

Text ; image ;

Format

Original and copies of documents and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet

Source

Series 9: Staff/Personnel

Language

English

Relation

Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 9: Staff/Personnel

Coverage Temporal

1916 – 1929

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Newburyport, MA ; Cambridge, MA ; Laconia, NH ; Big Laurel, KY ; Line Fork, KY ;

Rights

Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Donor

n/a

Description

Core documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers of Dr. Abby Little ; clippings, photographs, books by or about Dr. Abby Little ;

Acquisition

n/d

Citation

“[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last Updated

2013-11-10 hhw ; 2013-12-02 aae ;

Bibliography

Sources

“Eighteenth Biennial Report of the New Hampshire State Board of Public Welfare.” Granite State Press, Manchester, N. H. (June 30, 1930): 52.http://archive.org/stream/eighteenthbienni00unse/eighteenthbienni00unse_djvu.txt (accessed 2013-12-02). Internet resource.

Notes from the Pine Mountain Settlement School. XVI.II (October 1943): 3. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

“Radcliff War Records.” The Radcliffe Quarterly. Radcliffe College, Cambridge, MA. (December 1919): 17 – 20. Extracts from Letters to the Chairman of the War Work Committee from Dr. Augusta G. Williams, Hospital Complementaire, No.2, Ereux. http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/viewtext/23062648?op=t&n=347 (accessed 2013-12-02). Internet resource.