ARTS AND CRAFTS CERAMICS Pottery Philosophy and Planning, C. 1965-1967

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 32: Ceramics
Pottery Philosophy
and Planning, c.1965-67 [ I ]

CERAMICS Pottery Philosophy and Planning, c. 1965-1967 [I]

In 1965 Paul Lynn, a worker at Pine Mountain Settlement School, began the complex process of starting a pottery program at the school. It was a “pottery” plan as it was not conceived as a fine art approach for creating ceramics, but was an effort to stay close to the earth and to use local clays and materials to produce wares to be sold. He imagined that somewhere in the local clays was one or more that might be found viable enough to establish a self-sustaining supply of the core material for the craft.

He drafted a rationale for the pottery program and proceeded to engage the instructional staff, Mary Rogers, the Director’s wife, and the Director in the creation of the new program. The mid-1960s were very supportive of his pottery enthusiasm as it historically enjoyed a revitalization of native arts and a “back to the land” approach to craft. His well-drafted rationale and plan follows

GALLERY Pottery Philosophy and Planning  c. 1965-1967 [folder I] [transcription pending]

GALLERY Pottery Supplies c. 1965-1967 [folder I]

EQUIPMENT

2 electric fans
1 electric grinder & steel brush buff
1 centigram balance scale
16 5 qt. plastic buckets and lids
1 electric blower
1 5″ strainer

SUPPLIES
Pyrometric cones   #
03 1doz
04 1doz
02 6  ? 1doz
07 6?
01 1doz
1. 6?
2. part box
3. part box
4.part box
5. 6 ? 1doz
6. 1 doz
7. 1 doz
8. 1 doz
9. 1 doz + 6
10. 6?
POWDERS
Kiln Wash High Temp – 3 lbs
Talc 1/2 lb + 3/4 lb
Cornwall stone 1/2 lb + 1 lb
? (magenta color)  1/2 lb
zinc oxide 1/2 lb + 1 lb
Borax 2 lb
Feldspar Keystone Soda 1/2 lb
Feldspar Potash 1 lb
Albany Slip Clay 1 lb
Frit # 3110 Leadless
Nepheline Syenite pwd
Cryolite pwd 366 3/4 lb
Fint Silica 325 Mesh 1 lb
Rutile pwd 366 1/2 lb
Frit # 3481 Lax 1/2 lb
Frit # 18
Frit # 3134
Soda Ash 1/2 lb
Calcium Carbonate Whiting 1/2 lb
Barium Carbonate 1/2 lb

GALLERY Pottery Expense sheet, 1965-1967 [folder 1]

EXPENSE REPORT KILN PROJECT
May 1965 through October 31, 1966
EXPENSE REPORT KILN PROJECT
May 1965 through September 14, 1965
Bricks 142.50 Bricks 142.50
Roofing 14.20 Roofing 14.20
Cement 23.00 Cement 23.00
Electric Wiring & materials 30.53 Electric Wiring & Materials 30.53
Miscellaneous small items 12.57 Miscellaneous small items 12.57
Maintenance and labor 352.00 Maintenance and labor 352.00
Unemployed Fathers Labor 352.00 Unemployed Fathers Labor 352.00
NYC Boys Labor 100.00 NYC Boys Labor 100.00
Wood 45.00 Wood
Coal 21.00 Coal
Pottery Making Supplies 103.80 Pottery Making Supplies
                                               TOTAL $1,196.60                                     TOTAL $1,026.80
Pottery Sold $   102.05 Pottery Sold ———-
NOTES [handwritten] 2-8-69

Brit [Wilder]- wood prep time ? , cost ?, availability?
Another fuel ?
Mary [Rogers]  Clay supply processing
Paul [Lynn] – records of experiments
firing ?
glazing ?

NOTES [typed]
The figures above for the electric wiring and materials is approximate because some of the items on the invoice were used for other purposes. This figure is with 2.00 of the actual amount spent for the project.
The above figures for labor for the various groups are approximate, however, they are figured at a low estimate rather than a high one, according to Brit [Wilder] they should be quite accurate.