Pine Mountain Settlement School
PMSS Publications (Published by the School)


One of the most outstanding contributions in this 1945 issue of the Conifer is a collaborative offering called “Our Heritage.” Prepared as a graduation presentation from the graduating class, the narrative traces the many regional contributions that individual students identified as part of their heritage. The long poem is both revealing and predictable in its offerings of historical markers associated with Eastern Kentucky but it also captures the tensions of post war graduation.

Most of all the Conifer 1945 is a heartfelt narrative of what the students have learned in their time at the School and in their associations with their cohort.  This literary supplement captures the essence of the graduating body and the mood and the impact WWII had on the lives of individual students and on the settlement school experience they shared as students.


Deep in My Heart — Sarah Vitatoe
Abraham Lincoln — William Tye
A Mountain Stream — Wendell Adkins
My Daddy’s Hat — Faye Trail
By the Fireside — Faye Trail
The Marsh — Bill Tye
Trees — William Tye
Spring — Betty Burkhart
This Spring — Mary Sue Baker
“Big John” — Ray Cox
Our Neighbors — Maxine Moses
Our Heritage — [Graduation presentation]
The Senior Prayer


Title Conifer – 1945
Alt. Title Pine Mountain Settlement School Conifer, May 1945 Supplement
Creator Pine Mountain Settlement School
Subject Keyword Conifer ; creative writing ; settlement schools ; students ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ; supplements ; The Pine Cone ; Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;
Subject LCSH Conifer – 1945.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Description The literary publication of the school during the boarding school year of 1945.  Written by students and containing fiction, prose, and poetry. The first creative writing publication written and printed by the students at Pine Mountain Settlement School. First published in 1930 as the Pine Cone and later replaced by Conifer, the volumes in the early years duplicate one another in part and issue numbers can be confusing, but the run of the periodical is largely well documented by volume and issue. 
Publisher Pine Mountain Settlement School Press
Contributor Various
Rights Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Date Original 1945
Type Text ; photograph ;
Format Small multipage booklets in a variety of sizes.
Source Pine Mountain Settlement School Archive ; Series 17: PMSS Publications (Published by the School) ;
Language English
Relation Pine Mountain Settlement School ; Series 17: PMSS Publications (Published by the School) , Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY
Coverage Temporal 1945
Coverage Spatial Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ;
Donor Various
Acquisition Archival
Citation Pine Mountain Settlement School – Conifer. Pine Mountain Settlement School Archive. Pine Mountain, KY.
Processed By Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;
Last Updated 2014-04-25 hw ;2014-06-22 aae ;


Pine Mountain Settlement School – Conifer. Pine Mountain Settlement School Archive. Pine Mountain, KY. Archival material.