LUTRELLA BAKER Album Line Fork Settlement

Pine Mountain Settlement School

LUTRELLA BAKER Album Line Fork Settlement

Lutrella Baker Album. Line Fork Settlement, 1937-41. Community gathering at Cabin.

Group portrait of community youth at Line Fork Settlement, 1937-1941. [line_fork_005a.jpg]

TAGS: Lutrella Baker Album Line Fork Settlement; Pine Mountain Settlement School; photographs ; satellite settlements ; Lutrella Baker; Rev. Richard Baker; Dr. Ida S. Stapleton; Rev. Robert Stapleton; education and industrial training programs; community; Infirmary; Harlan County; mining; The Cabin; circle dances; nurses; locomotives; Gilley, KY; garden terracing; sorghum; Burkham School House

The Lutrella Baker Album Line Fork Settlement is a collection of photographs taken at the Line Fork Settlement which was a satellite extension of Pine Mountain Settlement School some six miles to the west of the main School. The photographs, taken in the late 1920s to the beginning of 1940s by various photographers, document life at the satellite settlement school while it was under the direction of the Stapletons and then the Rev. Richard Baker and his wife, Lutrella.

Lutrella Baker Album Line Fork Settlement: THE BAKERS

The Lutrella Baker Album is named for Lutrella Baker, Rev. Richard Baker‘s wife, who assembled the album. Rev. Baker, a minister, not a physician, was charged with the management of Line Fork Settlement in 1938 under the general direction of Pine Mountain’s director, Glyn Morris. They followed the departure of the previous directors, Dr. Ida S. Stapleton and her husband, the Reverend Robert Stapleton, who left Line Fork in 1937.

The Bakers continued to be salaried and administered by Pine Mountain Settlement School. Lutrella assisted with the education and industrial training programs at Line Fork, while the Rev. Baker was charged with programming and general site administration.

Lutrella Baker Album Line Fork Settlement: THE ALBUM

The photograph collection and album were donated to Pine Mountain by the daughter of Lutrella Baker who was one of two children in the Baker family at Line Fork. The two children show up frequently in the photographs.

The album begins with photographs of the Stapletons and then many images of the Bakers. The small album of 15 pages contains 41 photographs.

There does not appear to be a chronological order to the images and some images are difficult to date, but generally, they provide an overview of the Baker’s time at Line Fork and a window on the physical facility and surrounding community. Compared to earlier images of the settlement, these images provide a graphic record of the changes in the community since the inception of the Line Fork programs in the 1920s.

Lutrella Baker Album Line Fork Settlement: THE ENDING OF THE SETTLEMENT

With the Bakers, the settlement programs of Line Fork came to an end in 1941. There were many reasons for the closure of the facility at Line Fork — economic, educational, religious, and social — but it largely was phased out due to the increasing drain on resources for Pine Mountain Settlement which was struggling to grow its increasingly important boarding school for high-school students. New buildings were being constructed at Pine Mountain, and the Infirmary was picking up most of the community medical needs. Harlan County was managing the local schools, and industrial training was fragmented and difficult to focus as mining dominated the work options and women struggled to keep families together as men left to work in the mines.

Following the departure of the Bakers in 1941, an artist, Mr. Sanford, occupied the Cabin from April to June of 1941 and he was followed by B. McKnight and his family in July of the same year. Neither occupant was engaged in programming for settlement work or under the administration of Pine Mountain, though rental was collected by Pine Mountain School on the property. There followed a series of renters of the Cabin until the main cabin burned and the second cabin soon followed the same fate.

Lutrella Baker Album Line Fork Settlement: GALLERY


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