GLYN MORRIS 1942 Study and Recommendations PMSS X Appendix

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 13: Education
Series 09: Biography – Glyn Morris, Director


TAGS: Glyn Morris Study & Recommendations X Appendix; Glyn Morris; Directors; Pine Mountain Settlement School; Harlan County, KY; education; educational study; planning; institutional reports; institutional management; educational recommendations; 1942; institutional history; maps; charts; graphs; high school youth; student regional distribution; 1931-1941 data; appendices; “Educational temperature”; application forms; financial comparisons.

GALLERY: Glyn Morris Study & Recommendations X Appendix

TRANSCRIPTION: Glyn Morris Study & Recommendations X Appendix

[Text is typewritten unless otherwise indicated.]

[morris_study_x_appendix-1.jpg – Divider page.]


[morris_study_x_appendix-2.jpg – Handwritten notes and sketch of map.]

Distribution of High School Age Youth in Pine Mt. Community based on information gathered from house to house canvas by Community Group.


Total Number of Children in the community of all ages – 611


Roughly 7 families to this linear mile.



Family – O

Graduate of P.M.S.S. – * blue – 11

Attending now – * red – 1

Day Students – yellow – 7

High School age – not in school – * – green – 51

High School age – in other schools [symbol] black – 15

County grade school [symbol]


[Pencil sketch of map showing Laurel, Abner’s Branch.]


[Pencil sketch of map with symbols, showing Big Laurel, Greasy, Little Laurel, and PMSS.]


[Pencil sketch of map with symbols, showing Red Bird, Wallins, Harlan, P.M.S.S., Greys Knob, Cawood, Everts, Louellen, Pennington, Stinnit (?) and Hyden.]



[symbol] – Private School

[symbol] – Public School

[symbol] – Normal home

[symbol] – Broken home

[symbol] –  No high school available

[symbol] – Day student

YOUTH POPULATION – Age 1 -19 inclusive

U.S. Census 1940 at Pine Mt.

Harlan Co. – 37,248 – 34

Leslie Co. – 8,616 – 1

Letcher Co. – 21,617 – 24

Perry Co. – 25,740 – 14

[Pencil sketch of map with symbols, showing Blue Diamond, Hazard, Jeff, Viper, Vicco, Carcosione, Gander, Delphia, Blackey, Kingdom Come, Whitesburg, Fleming, McRoberts, Cumberland, Benhow(?), Lynch, Jenkins, and others.]

Out of map limits [symbols]


Some data on Pine Mountain Students (cont.) 

Intelligence quotients:

Below normal – 55 to 85 Number – 78

Normal – 85-115 “ – 220

Above Normal – Above 115  – 13

Unknown  – 170

(Intelligence tests not given to all students 1931-1935)

Explanation: Tests used over this period were the Binet Scale, Otis, and Kuhlman Anderson.

We have allowed five points in the students’ favor because of the known language handicap of the area.

Official dismissals — 48

Explanation: A student whose schooling has been broken either in the middle or at the end of a term by faculty or Student Government decree. Most of the above dismissals were the result of action taken by the Citizenship Committee.

Number living in Coal Camps — 195

Explanation: The homes that are under direct influence of the mining camp atmosphere and culture, whether directly in or on the outskirts of a mining town.

Number living in rural homes — 212

Explanation: The isolated farm home, dependent either on lumbering or farming for sources of income. Includes also those where the head of the family may work at a mine but live a considerable distance away in a rural atmosphere.

Number living in towns — 74

Explanation: Harlan, Pineville, Whitesburg, Cumberland, Jenkins, Hazard or suburbs.

Number who live in Harlan County — 290

Number of Graduates — 123


[Handwritten notation, upper right] “Appendix 3”

Some Data on Pine Mountain Students 1931-1941

Total number of students who have attended Pine Mountain one semester or longer — 481

Boys — 216

Girls — 265

Number from broken homes 211

Explanation: A broken home is considered to be one in which either parent is dead; in which the parents are separated with or without legal proceedings; in which there is a step-parent with two or more sets of children and the individual is not particularly welcome at home.

Students from normal homes — 248

Students regarding whose home status, data is lacking 22

Could have reached High School at the time of application — 233

(See also map of Pine Mountain students for further interpretation)

Explanation: Those students who live within one mile of walking distance, or on a road travelled by school buses which connects with a public high school not more than ten miles distant.

Could not reach High School at time of application but due to changed conditions could do so later — 80

Could not reach High School at time of application and could not do so later — 156

Students from extremely retarded and impoverished cultural background — below the norm for this area — 144

(All estimation based on subjective evidence.)

Placement according to Stanford Achievement Test:

Advanced 13

Normal 83


4 or more years 44

3 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 78

2 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 106

1 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 50

Unknown 107 (Achievement Tests were not given in 1931-32 and 1932-33.)

Explanation: A student with his 8th grade certificate who comes with an educational level of 4th years is retarded four years.


[Handwritten notation, upper right] “Appendix 4”


Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, Harlan Co., Kentucky


(Write Carefully in applicant’s own handwriting)

Where were you born? Town__________County________State_____

Date of Birth, Month______________Day_____________Year_________

At what Post Office do you get your mail?_______________

Give directions for getting to your home from Pine Mt.______


Have you stayed out of school any year?________How long?____When_________

Where did you go to school last?_____________County________

When did you go there?________________Date________Is it a High School_________________________

How far away from the nearest High School do you live?________

Where is the nearest high school?__________________________

How would you get there (underline) 1. Train   2. Taxi   3. Bus   4. Walk

What grade are you ready to enter?________________________

What grades have you repeated? _____________  Skipped?_______

Are your parents living?__________________If not, explain

Father’s name__________________________Mother’s name____________________

Do you have a guardian?__________Name_______________

What does your father or guardian do?___________________

What does your mother do?____________________________

Give the names of three people, not in your family, who can tell us something about you:




Why do you want to come to Pine Mountain?____________________________________________

Date this application was filled out_________________________


[Handwritten notation, upper right] “Appendix 5 (Personnel)”

– 24 –

Study of Staff Turnover

1913 through 1941

[Table of statistics consisting of 4 columns: Year, Total No. on Staff, Employed Previous Year Employed for First Time, Per Cent of Staff That is New]

Tenure Study

[Table of statistics consisting of 6 columns:

1913 through 1927-28 (f) – No. Workers, Duration of Stay (In Years), Total (In Years)

1931 through 1940 – – No. Workers, Duration of Stay (In Years), Total (In Years)


[Continuation of above table.]

Average tenure for year 1939-40, 4.4 years

Average tenure for year 1940-41, 4.1 years


  1. Source: Pine Mountain History
  2. Director this year, Mr. Hadley
  3. Director, beginning this year, Mr. Morris.
  4. Includes student assistants.
  5. Includes newly created position
  6. Source: Tenure Study by Miss Wells, Pine Mountain History.


[Handwritten notation, upper right] “Appendix 6”



Cooperative Study of Secondary School Standards

These thermometers show the relative standing of Pine Mountain on a large number of significant factors in nine important fields: Curriculum, Activities, Library, Guidance, Instruction, Outcomes, Staff, Plant, and Administration. Norms for evaluation are based upon detailed evaluations made by the Cooperative Study, during the school year 1936-37, of 200 carefully selected secondary schools located in all parts of the United States. These thermometers exhibit the results of 300 [500?] evaluations, and other measurements of the quality of a secondary school in a series of thermometer scales, several related evaluations usually being groups together to form the basis for a single thermometer. For example:

  1. Curriculum — based upon 15 component thermometers
  2. Pupil activities — based upon 3 component thermometers
  3. Library — based upon 14 component thermometers

All data was checked and evaluated by a three-day stay at Pine Mountain by a visiting committee representing the Cooperative Study of Secondary School Standards.


Percentile Scale — 100____


90____ V.L.

85____ Acc.


75____ Pvt.





Country-wide Norm — 50____


Very Large — (over 1,000) V.L.

Large — (500-999) L.

Medium — (200-499) M.

Small — (under 200) S.


Accredited — Acc.

Non-accredited — N.Acc.


Public — Pub.

Private — Pvt.


Middle States — M.S.

New England — N.E.

North Central– N.C.

Southern — So.

Western — W.


Educational Program

[5 columns of statistics with handwritten notations. Headers: Curriculum (200), Activities (200), Library (200), Guidance (200), Instruction (200).]

Total Weight — Educational Program — 50%

(Based on incomplete data.)


[5 columns of statistics with handwritten notations. Headers: Outcomes (200), Staff (200), Plant (200), Administration (200), GRAND TOTAL (200).]


[This image is a duplicate of morris_study_x_appendix-13.jpg.]


25 –


[7 columns of figures, with these headers: Years, Contributions, Annual Subscriptions, Endowment Fund Income, Investments, Total Expense, Total Revenue.]

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