Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: Biography
Series 19: Students
John Raymond Pennington Student
Published 2018-10-23 HW


John Raymond Pennington

“In Memoriam.” c. late 1940s. Calligraphy by Abbie Winch Christensen. [in_memoriam_002aaa.jpg]

TAGS: John Raymond Pennington, students, Bud Pennington, Pine Mountain Settlement School, U.S. Army, WWII, dogwood trees, Ray Cox, H.R.S. Benjamin, Edith Cold, Cawood KY, Purple Heart, Bronze Star, May Day

John Raymond Pennington, also known as “Bud,” was a boarding student at Pine Mountain Settlement School in 1935-1938. Like many PMSS students and alumni he joined the war effort. He was wounded seriously in the war and later died on July 10, 1944. He was memorialized just shortly after his death with the planting of a dogwood tree on the grounds of Pine Mountain Settlement near the location of the Burkham School House. His wife, his young son, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. C.W. Pennington, Mrs. Elwood Hensley and two daughters, and Margaret Pennington were present for the memorial.

In 2013 the family of John Raymond Pennington sent material related to John Raymond Pennington’s memorial service to the archive at the Settlement School. The images of those materials are located in the GALLERY below.


John Raymond Pennington was born in Three Paint, Harlan County, Kentucky, on February 26, 1921. His parents were Charles W. Pennington (1897-1973), a coal miner, and Nannie Bell (Stewart) Pennington (1901-1999). He had three siblings: Hazel Lee, Jack Cuge, and Margaret.

On October 26, 1940, John married Fern Ann Huff (1923-1995) from Paris, Kentucky. At the time, he was working in the coal mine alongside his father and living in Cawood, Kentucky.

Sgt. John Raymond Pennington died at the age of 23 on July 10, 1944. He was buried in the Chad and Ellen Lewis Cemetery, Dione, Harlan County, Kentucky. His gravestone reads, “Sgt Field Artillery WWII.”


Title  John Raymond Pennington 
Alt. Title  Bud Pennington ; John Pennington
Creator Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.
Alt. Creator Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;
Subject Keyword John Raymond Pennington ; Bud Pennington ; Pine Mountain Settlement School, ; U.S. Army ; WWII ; dogwood trees ; Ray Cox ; H.R.S. Benjamin ; Edith Cold ; Cawood KY ; Purple Heart ;  Bronze Star ; May Day ;
Subject LCSH Pennington, John Raymond, 1921 – 1944.
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.
Date 2018-10-23 hw
Publisher Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.
Contributor Family of John Raymond Pennington.
Type Collections ; text ; image ;
Format Original and copies of documents and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet.
Source Series 09: Biography
Series 19: Students
Language English
Relation Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 09: Biography.
Coverage Temporal 1935 – 2013
Coverage Spatial Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Cawood, KY ; Paris, KY ; Three Paint, KY ; Dione, KY ; 
Rights Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Donor Family of John Raymond Pennington.
Description Core documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers of John Raymond Pennington  ; clippings, photographs, books by or about John Raymond Pennington  ;
Acquisition n/d
Citation “[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.
Processed By Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;
Last Updated  2021-11-03 aae ; 

Family of John Raymond Pennington Collection, donated to PMSS Archives in 2013. Internet resource.

“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch ( : Accessed 2021-11-03), John Raymond Pennington, ; Burial, Dione, Harlan, Kentucky, United States of America, Chad and Ellen Lewis Cemetery; citing record ID 112717660, Find a Grave, Internet resource.

“Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch  ( : Accessed 2021-11-03), > image 1 of 1; citing multiple county clerks, county courts, and historical societies, Kentucky. Internet resource.

“Pennington, John”  and “John Raymond Pennington,” Series 09: Biography and Series 19: Students. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Internet resource.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch ( : Accessed 2021-11-03), John R Pennington in household of Charles Pennington, Magisterial District 6, Harlan, Kentucky, United States; Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 1314. Internet resource.

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