EMMA LUCY BRAUN

Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: Biography

Series 22: Friends and Visitors

EMMA LUCY BRAUN
American Botanist, Ecologist, Conservationist

CATEGORIES
       SCIENCE

Lucy Braun. [Wikipedia]

Emma Lucy Braun, while not a staff member of the Pine Mountain Settlement School, spent many hours in and around Pine Mountain Settlement School working on botanical and biological research associated with the forests and soils of the area. As a botanist, ecologist and conservationist she was a trail-blazer. The research she engaged in Ohio and in Kentucky and surrounding areas led to her ground-breaking work in plant ecology and to the development of plant ecology as an academic discipline.

Her mentoring of students and her work in the field with her students was as uncommon for women faculty of her day and nearly as uncommon as her choice of a profession. A disciplined and demanding professor at the University of Cincinnati, she reportedly had thirteen MA students and one PhD student in the time she was active on the faculty. Nine of these students were women. She was a pioneer for women in the sciences.

Emma Lucy Braun was born in Cincinnati in 1889. She came from a family who shared an interest in geography, forest ecology, and botany and both she and her sister were encouraged in their interests in the natural world. Her sister Annette Braun became a recognized entomologist, or more correctly, a microlepidopterist. As an expert in her field, Annette was often consulted for her knowledge of moths. While they were children the two young girls accompanied their parents for walks in the forest where they were expected to know the names of the wild flowers, insects, trees and other forest life. This early introduction to forest ecology stuck.

They were both well prepared for their later academic work. Both Lucy and Annette attended the University of Cincinnati. Lucy received her bachelor’s degree in 1910 and her Master’s degree in geology in 1912. Her PhD in Botany from the same institution was awarded in 1914. Following the receipt of her undergraduate degree she received a teaching assistantship and by 1927 she had advanced to associate professor of botany, a position she filled until 1946 when she advanced to full professor. She continued to teach for two more years then retired so she could engage more field work, though her field work prior to her retirement was legend. It was reported that, in total, she logged some 65,000 miles in her exploration of the deciduous forests of the Eastern United States, most of that in the company of her older sister, Annette.

Her publication record is as extensive as her walk-abouts. She authored some 180 publications including articles and books. As founder of the Cincinnati chapter of the Wildflower Preservation Society she also served as the editor of their journal. She is easily the authority for the vascular flora of Ohio and southeastern Kentucky and had earned a reputation as one of the top ecologists in the United States. Most of her monographic publication came at the end of her life, but she continued to contribute to the literature in her field until her death at the age of 81. She also continued her field work tramping over the terrain of the southern Appalachians and was leading field trips at the age of 80, one year before she died. An accounting of her publications follows this brief biography.

The extensive work that Braun completed was well-recognized by her colleagues as early as 1933 when she was elected as the first woman president of the Ohio Academy of Science. In 1950 the Ecological Society of America honored her with the presidency of that organization. She was also responsible for furthering the land conservation movement. Her advocacy for land conservation in Ohio resulted in the preservation of some 10,000 acres and the land trust she established known as the Dr. Lucy Braun Memorial Fund and managed by the Cincinnati Museum of Natural History Museum continues to add land to her initial preservation effort.

In Kentucky she has given her name to new species of plants and her careful exploration has given the area the comprehensive An Annotated Catalog of the Spermatophytes of Kentucky, published in 1943. The length of her research studies set the model for the analysis of the changes in a plant system over a specific period of time. Her vegetation science comparing the flora in particular geographic areas with the flora from a century earlier was so thorough that many hold her model as unmatched even today. She continues to influence the process by which regional changes in flora are analyzed over time. Accompanied by her camera, Lucy Braun also left a visual record of the natural flora in the areas she visited, an endeavor that is of increasing importance as climate change challenges many species. Her photographs are supplemented by an extensive herbarium of some 11,891 specimens which she began to gather while she was still in high school. Most of her photographs and her herbarium are held by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

On March 25,1935, she was invited to speak to the Garden Club of Kentucky where she inspired the creation of the “Save Kentucky’s Primeval Forest League”, which addressed the rapid decimation of virgin forest in Kentucky, It was a topic of great concern for Katherine Pettit, who fought to retain the forest that comprises Lilley Cornett Woods, in part. Also, the two women devoted considerable energy to save a 2,500-acre site that was later included in the Cumberland National Forest. Braun, as adept as Pettit in bringing advocates on board, made appeals to Alvin Barkley, Kentucky’s well-know senator, and A.B. Chandler, the Governor of the state at the time. Nationally she attempted to enlist Eleanor Roosevelt and the U.S. Forest Service as advocates for the preservation of old growth forests. She was only partially successful in the face of the timber and coal interests in the state of Kentucky and the Cumberland National Forest tract was eventually clearcut, with the U.S, Forest Service claiming that they could not intervene in the pursuit of the forest land and the Save Kentucky’s Primeval Forest League claiming that they could not establish a purchase agreement with the two industries.

No matter, many of her ideas were still alive when the Ohio Legislature in 1970 passed a Natural Areas Bill and when in 1967 the prairie preserve she sought to establish became the 6,000-acre E. Lucy Braun-Lynx Prairie Preserve, a National Park Service landmark.

Obstacles were no deterrent for the Braun sisters, and especially Lucy Braun. Like other women environmentalists such as Rachel Carson and Wilma Dykeman, Braun warned in 1931 that “destruction of beauty and vandalism are the result of ignorance, thoughtlessness or defiance of the law and the rights of others.” And, further, “As a result of man’s continuing destruction of his natural environment by the plow, lumbering, urban sprawl and ever enlarging highways, few natural habitats will remain shortly …”

[image forest]

An excerpt of her talk for the Garden Club of Kentucky on March 29, 1935, follows:

Down in the southern part of Perry County, on Lynn Fork of Leatherwood Creek, is one of the most beautiful tracts of virgin forest I have ever seen. For some time, I had heard of the Big Poplar of Perry County, and it was while on the quest for this that I saw this magnificent forest. It occupies the Left Fork of Lynn Fork, and for some two miles, we walked through untouched forest, following a faint trail which led to the Big Poplar, a gigantic tulip tree nearly 24 feet in circumference. It took five people with arms outstretched to reach around the tree. This gigantic trunk towered upward, unbranched, to such heights that it was impossible to distinguish the leaves of the crown. Nowhere east of California have I seen such a gigantic tree. And this was only one of many large trees. This forest contains a variety of trees — tulip poplar, oaks, beech, sugar maple, hemlock, all large. Often times we see tracts of so-called virgin forests, from which this or that tree has been removed or if the canopy is intact, with the undergrowth ruined by grazing or by rooting hogs; but not so here. Nothing had been disturbed; the luxuriance of the undergrowth is beyond description. There is a wealth of herbaceous plants, and beautiful wildflowers everywhere. The whole place is awe-inspiring in its beauty and grandeur . . . Very few virgin forest areas remain. Of the original forest of Kentucky, less than two percent remains in such conditions that it can be classified as old-growth; and only a small part of this is really virgin. The Lynn Fork is one of these . . . Nowhere in the whole world is there the equal in beauty and magnificence of our eastern deciduous forest. It is unexcelled. And in Kentucky and Tennessee, this deciduous forest reached its superlative development. By saving a piece of Kentucky’s virgin forest, you would be saving a forest outstanding of its kind . . . We must act quickly before it is cut-the-timber rights are held by the Leatherwood Lumber Company, who are now cutting in the next branch . . . By all means, this project is worthy of your greatest effort. Nowhere, not even in the Great Smoky Mountains, have I seen a more beautiful forest or larger trees. Let us work together to save this area..

As a close friend of Katherine Pettit, Lucy and her sister had an open invitation to stay at the School while completing their research in the area. Following the retirement of Katherine Pettit from Pine Mountain, the Brauns kept up a lively correspondence with Pettit who shared many of their environmental concerns and political activism. “Save the Big Trees” was a campaign the three adamantly supported.


GALLERY

Full text of: “Save the Big Trees,” Lucy Braun talk before the Garden Club of Kentucky, Millerburg, KY, March 29, 1935.


MAPS AND PHOTOGRAPHS OF “THE BIG TREES”

The note on the back of photograph # 3 reads: “In Dean’s Trees of Indiana on page 170 he gives the following from the Indiana Geological report. 6:70 -1875: ‘I measured four poplar trees that grow within a few feet of each other: the largest was thirty-eight ft. in circumference, three ft. from the ground; 120 ft. high ; 65 ft. to the first limb. The others were respectively 18 1/2 , 18 and 17 ft. in circumference at 3 ft. from ground.’ ”

Largest:
38 ft. in circumference – 3 ft. from ground
120 ft. high
65 ft. to first limb

Others:
18 1/2 ft.
18 ft. 3 ft. from ground
17 ft.

Title Lucy Braun

Alt. Title

Emma Lucy Braun ; E. Lucy Braun

Identifier

 Permalink: https://pinemountainsettlement.net/?page_id=15577

Creator

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;

Subject Keyword

ecology ; environmental education ; naturalists ; Afton Garrison ; Kentucky Association for Environmental Education ;

Subject LCSH

Braun, E. Lucy — (Emma Lucy), — 1889-1971.
Braun, E. Lucy — (Emma Lucy), — 1889-1971 — Biography.
Plant conservation — United States.
Wild flowers — United States.
Wild flowers — New York (State)
Pine Mountain Settlement School, (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — Environmentalism
Phytogeography — Ohio.
Phytogeography — Kentucky.
Botanists — Ohio — Biography.
Prairie plants — Ohio — Geographical distribution.
Botany — Ohio.
Botany — Kentucky.
Forests and forestry — Ohio.
Forests and forestry — Kentucky.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region.

Date

2009-12-26

Publisher

Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Contributor

n/a

Type

Collection ; text ; image ;

Format

Original and copies of documents and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet ; photograph albums ;

Source

Series 09: Staff/Personnel (Biography) ; Series 22: Friends and Visitors ;

Language

English

Relation

Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Special Events: Lucy Braun Workshop ; Series 09: Biography ; Series 22: Friends and Visitors ;

Coverage Temporal

 1889 – 1971

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Perry County, KY ; Cincinnati, OH ; Adams County, OH ;

Rights

Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Donor

“Our Fragile Earth,” Morehead State University Environmental Series, Office of Public Information.

Description

Misc. documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers created by or addressed to Emma Lucy Braun; clippings, photographs, publications, illustrations related to Emma Lucy Braun

Acquisition

n/d

Citation

Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers

Processed by

Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last updated

2013-11-02 aae ; 2014-04-18 hhw ; 2014-10-27 hhw ;

Bibliography

BY LUCY BRAUN

Braun, E. L. (n.d.). A history of Ohio’s vegetation.

Braun, E. L. (n.d.). Notes on root behavior of certain trees and shrubs of the Illinoian till plain of Southwestern Ohio.

Braun, E. L. (1912). Cincinnatian series and its brachiopods in the vicinity of Cincinnati.

Braun, E. L. (1916). The physiographic ecology of the Cincinnati region. Columbus: Ohio State University.

Braun, E. L. (1921). Composition and source of the flora of the Cincinnati region. Brooklyn, N.Y: Ecology.

Simons, C. M., Wilson, O. T., Becktle, ., Braun, E. L., Benedict, H. M., & University of Cincinnati. (1921). Laboratory manual.

Braun, E. L., Simons, C. M., & University of Cincinnati. (1923). A key to the deciduous trees of Ohio, native and planted, in winter condition.

Geisler, S., & Braun, E. L. (1926). Soil reactions in relation to plant successions in the Cincinnati region. Cincinnati, Ohio: Botanical Laboratory, University of Cincinnati.

Braun, E. L. (1927). Prairie vegetation of Adams County, Ohio. [Abstract]. Norman, Oklahoma: Ecological Society of America.

Braun, E. L. (1928). The vegetation of the Mineral Springs region of Adams County, Ohio. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press.

Braun, E. L. (1928). Glacial and post-glacial migrations indicated by relic colonies of southern Ohio.

Braun, E. L. (1928). Glacial and post-glacial plant migrations indicated by relic colonies of southern Ohio. Cincinnati, Ohio: University of Cincinnati.

Braun, E. L. (1934). Presidential address: A history of Ohio’s vegetation.

Braun, E. L. (1934). Vascular plants of the Mineral Springs region of Adams County, Ohio.

Braun, E. L. (1935). Affinities of the flora of the Illinoian till plain of southwestern Ohio.

Braun, E. L. (1935). The vegetation of Pine mountain, Kentucky. Notre Dame, Ind: University Press.

Braun, E. L. (1936). Forests of the Illinoian till plain of southwestern Ohio.

Braun, E. L. (1936). Notes on Kentucky plants: I-VI.

Braun, E. L. (1937). Some relationships of the flora of the Cumberland Plateau and Cumberland Mountains in Kentucky.

Braun, E. L. (1937). A remarkable colony of Coastal Plain plants on the Cumberland Plateau in Laurel County, Kentucky.

Braun, E. L. (1937). A key to the deciduous trees of Ohio, native and planted, in winter condition. Ann Arbor, Mich: Edwards Bros.

Braun, E. L. (1938). Deciduous Forest Climaxes.

Braun, E. L. (1938). Plant Ecology by John E. Weaver and Frederic Clements: A review.

Braun, E. L. (1939). A new fern hybrid-Asplenium cryptolepis x Camptosorus rhizophyllus.

Braun, E. L. (1940). An Ecological Transect of Black Mountain, Kentucky.

Braun, E. L. (1940). New Plants from Kentucky.

Braun, E. L. (1940). Mixed Deciduous Forests of the Appalachians.

Braun, E. L. (1940). Silphium incisum Greene in Kentucky.

Braun, E. L. (1941). The Red Azalea of the Cumberlands.

Braun, E. L. (1941). A new Station for Pachystima canbyi.

Braun, E. L. (1941). A New Locality for Solidago shortii.

Braun, E. L. (1942). A new species and a new variety of Solidago from Kentucky.

Braun, E. L. (1942). Forests of the Cumberland Mountains.

Braun, E. L. (1943). An annotated catalog of spermatophytes of Kentucky. Cincinnati: Planographed by John S. Swift Co., Inc.

Braun, E. L. (1947). Development of the Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America.

Braun, E. L. (1947). The differentiation of the deciduous forest of the eastern U.S.

Braun, E. L. (1950). [Tuliptree]. S.l: s.n.

Braun, E. L. (1950). Map of forest regions and sections: Deciduous forest formation. New York: Blakiston Co.

Ecological Society of America, Symposium, & Braun, E. L. (1951). The glacial border: Climatic, soil, and biotic features. Columbus, O.

Ecological Society of America., & Braun, E. L. (1951). Symposium [on] the glacial border: Climatic, soil, and biotic features. [Papers] presented at the thirty-fifth annual meeting of the Society, Columbus, Ohio, September 12, 1950. Columbus.

Braun, E. L. (1954). Preliminary list of the Monocots of Ohio: Exclusive of the grasses. Kent, Ohio: s.n..

Braun, E. L. (1955). The phytogeography of unglaciated eastern United States and its interpretation. Lancaster, Pa.

Braun, E. L. (1961). The woody plants of Ohio: Trees, shrubs and woody climbers, native, naturalized, and escaped. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.

Braun, E. L. (1964). Deciduous forests of eastern North America. New York: Hafner Pub. Co.

Braun, E. L. (1964). Map of forest regions and sections. New York: Hafner Pub. Co.

Braun, E. L., & Weishaupt, C. G. (1967). The Monocotyledoneae. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State Univ. Press.

Braun, E. L. (1967). The Monocotyledoneae; cat-tails to orchids. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.

Braun, E. L., Weishaupt, C. G., & Dalvé, E. (1967). The Monocotyledoneae: Cat-tails to orchids. S.l.: s.n..

Braun, E. L., & Weishaupt, C. G. (1967). The Vascular flora of Ohio: V. 1. The Monocotyledoneae : cat-tails to orchids. Columbus] Ohio: State University Press.

Braun, E. L. (1969). An ecological survey of the vegetation of Fort Hill State Memorial, Highland County, Ohio and annotated list of vascular plants. Columbus: Ohio State University.

Braun, E. L. (1969). Native, naturalized, and escaped. New York: Hafner.

Braun, E. L. (1972). Lynx Prairie, the E. Lucy Braun Preserve, Adams County, Ohio. Cincinnati: Cincinnati Museum of Natural History.

Braun, E. L. (1972). Lynx Prairie: The E. Lucy Braun Preserve, Adams County, Ohio : a tract of 53 acres acquired by Nature Conservancy and deeded to the Cincinnati Museum of Natural History. Ohio?: s.n.

Braun, E. L., & Stuckey, R. L. (2001). E. Lucy Braun (1889-1971): Ohio’s foremost woman botanist : her studies of prairies and their phytogeographical relationships : an anthology of papers. Columbus, Ohio: RLS Creations.

ARTICLES BY LUCY BRAUN

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1916). The physiographic ecology of the Cincinnati region. Ohio Biological Survey : Bulletin.

Braun, E. L. (February 01, 1918). Regeneration of Bryophyllum calycinum. Botanical Gazette, 65, 2, 191-193.

Braun, E. L. (February 01, 1918). Regeneration of Bryophyllum calycinum. Botanical Gazette, 65, 2, 191-193.

Braun, E. L. (February 01, 1918). Regeneration of Bryophyllum calycinum. Botanical Gazette, 65, 2, 191-193.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1921). Composition and Source of the Flora of the Cincinnati Region. Ecology, 2, 3, 161-180.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1921). Composition and Source of the Flora of the Cincinnati Region. Ecology, 2, 3, 161-180.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1921). Composition and Source of the Flora of the Cincinnati Region. Ecology, 2, 3, 161-180.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1927). An Early Account of Succession. Ecology, 8, 4, 491.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1927). An Early Account of Succession. Ecology, 8, 4, 491.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1927). An Early Account of Succession. Ecology, 8, 4, 491.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1927). Ophioglossum Engelmanni Prantl in Ohio. American Fern Journal, 17, 4, 138.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1927). An Early Account of Succession. Ecology, 8, 4, 491.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1927). Ophioglossum Engelmanni Prantl in Ohio. American Fern Journal, 17, 4, 138.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1928). Glacial and Post-Glacial Plant Migrations Indicated by Relic Colonies of Southern Ohio. Ecology, 9, 3, 284-302.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1928). Glacial and Post-Glacial Plant Migrations Indicated by Relic Colonies of Southern Ohio. Ecology, 9, 3, 284-302.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1928). Glacial and Post-Glacial Plant Migrations Indicated by Relic Colonies of Southern Ohio. Ecology, 9, 3, 284-302.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1928). Glacial and Post-Glacial Plant Migrations Indicated by Relic Colonies of Southern Ohio. Ecology, 9, 3, 284-302.

Braun, E. L. (June 01, 1931). A Hybrid Lobelia. Botanical Gazette, 91, 4, 462-463.

Braun, E. L. (June 01, 1931). A Hybrid Lobelia. Botanical Gazette, 91, 4, 462-463.

Braun, E. L. (June 01, 1931). A Hybrid Lobelia. Botanical Gazette, 91, 4, 462-463.

Braun, Dr. E(mma) Lucy. (January 01, 1933). American Men of Science : a Biographical Directory.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1934). The Lea Herbarium and the Flora of Cincinnati. American Midland Naturalist, 15, 1, 1-75.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1934). The Lea Herbarium and the Flora of Cincinnati. American Midland Naturalist, 15, 1, 1-75.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1934). The Lea Herbarium and the Flora of Cincinnati. American Midland Naturalist, 15, 1, 1-75.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1935). The Undifferentiated Deciduous Forest Climax and the Association-Segregate. Ecology, 16, 3, 514-519.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1935). The Vegetation of Pine Mountain, Kentucky: An Analysis of the Influence of Soils and Slope Exposure as Determined by Geological Structure. American Midland Naturalist, 16, 4, 517-565.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1935). The Undifferentiated Deciduous Forest Climax and the Association-Segregate. Ecology, 16, 3, 514-519.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1935). The Undifferentiated Deciduous Forest Climax and the Association-Segregate. Ecology, 16, 3, 514-519.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1935). AFFINITIES OF THE FLORA OF THE ILLINOIAN TILL PLAIN OF SOUTHWESTERN OHIO. Rhodora, 37, 442, 349-361.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1935). The Undifferentiated Deciduous Forest Climax and the Association-Segregate. Ecology, 16, 3, 514-519.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1935). The Vegetation of Pine Mountain, Kentucky: An Analysis of the Influence of Soils and Slope Exposure as Determined by Geological Structure. American Midland Naturalist, 16, 4, 517-565.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1936). Forests of the Illinoian Till Plain of Southwestern Ohio. Ecological Monographs, 6, 1, 89-149.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1936). Forests of the Illinoian Till Plain of Southwestern Ohio. Ecological Monographs, 6, 1, 89-149.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1936). Notes on Kentucky Plants I. The Journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Club, 1, 4, 41-45.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1936). Notes on Kentucky Plants I. The Journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Club, 1, 4, 41-45.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1936). Notes on Kentucky Plants I. The Journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Club, 1, 4, 41-45.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1936). Forests of the Illinoian Till Plain of Southwestern Ohio. Ecological Monographs, 6, 1, 89-149.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1936). Forests of the Illinoian Till Plain of Southwestern Ohio. Ecological Monographs, 6, 1, 89-149.

Braun, E. L. (May 01, 1937). A Remarkable Colony of Coastal Plain Plants on the Cumberland Plateau in Laurel County, Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist, 18, 3, 363-366.

Braun, E. L. (May 01, 1937). A Remarkable Colony of Coastal Plain Plants on the Cumberland Plateau in Laurel County, Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist, 18, 3, 363-366.

Braun, E. L. (June 01, 1937). SOME RELATIONSHIPS OF THE FLORA OF THE CUMBERLAND PLATEAU AND CUMBERLAND MOUNTAINS IN KENTUCKY. Rhodora, 39, 462, 193-208.

Braun, E. L. (May 01, 1937). A Remarkable Colony of Coastal Plain Plants on the Cumberland Plateau in Laurel County, Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist, 18, 3, 363-366.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1938). Deciduous Forest Climaxes. Ecology, 19, 4, 515-542.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1938). Deciduous Forest Climaxes. Ecology, 19, 4, 515-542.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1938). Book Review: Planat Ecology. Ecology, 19, 3, 486-490.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1938). Deciduous Forest Climaxes. Ecology, 19, 4, 515-542.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1938). Book Review: Planat Ecology. Ecology, 19, 3, 486-490.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1938). Book Review: Planat Ecology. Ecology, 19, 3, 486-490.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1938). Deciduous Forest Climaxes. Ecology, 19, 4, 515-542.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1939). Notes on Kentucky Plants II. Castanea, 4, 8, 127-131.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1939). Notes on Kentucky Plants II. Castanea, 4, 8, 127-131.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1939). A New Fern Hybrid: Asplenium cryptolepis × Camptosorus rhizophyllus. American Fern Journal, 29, 4, 133-135.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1939). Notes on Kentucky Plants II. Castanea, 4, 8, 127-131.

Braun, E. L. (February 01, 1940). NEW PLANTS FROM KENTUCKY. Rhodora, 42, 494, 47-51.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1940). An Ecological Transect of Black Mountain, Kentucky. Ecological Monographs, 10, 2, 193-241.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1940). Silphium incisum Greene in Kentucky. Castanea, 5, 1, 6-7.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1940). Satureja glabella in Kentucky. Rhodora, 42, 504, 525.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1940). An Ecological Transect of Black Mountain, Kentucky. Ecological Monographs, 10, 2, 193-241.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1940). An Ecological Transect of Black Mountain, Kentucky. Ecological Monographs, 10, 2, 193-241.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1940). An Ecological Transect of Black Mountain, Kentucky. Ecological Monographs, 10, 2, 193-241.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1940). Silphium incisum Greene in Kentucky. Castanea, 5, 1, 6-7.

Braun, E. L. (February 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants IV. Castanea, 6, 2, 28-30.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants III. Castanea, 6, 1, 10-12.

Braun, E. L. (March 01, 1941). A New Station for Pachystima Canbyi. Castanea, 6, 3, 52.

Braun, E. L. (February 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants IV. Castanea, 6, 2, 28-30.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants V. Castanea, 6, 8, 137-140.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants V. Castanea, 6, 8, 137-140.

Braun, E. L. (February 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants IV. Castanea, 6, 2, 28-30.

Braun, E. L. (September 01, 1941). A new Locality for Solidago Shortii. Rhodora, 43, 513, 484.

Braun, E. L. (March 01, 1941). A New Station for Pachystima Canbyi. Castanea, 6, 3, 52.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants V. Castanea, 6, 8, 137-140.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1941). Notes on Kentucky Plants III. Castanea, 6, 1, 10-12.

Braun, E. L. (March 01, 1941). A New Station for Pachystima Canbyi. Castanea, 6, 3, 52.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1942). Forests of the Cumberland Mountains. Ecological Monographs, 12, 4, 413-447.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1942). Forests of the Cumberland Mountains. Ecological Monographs, 12, 4, 413-447.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1942). Forests of the Cumberland Mountains. Ecological Monographs, 12, 4, 413-447.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1942). Notes on Kentucky Plants VI: The Genus Solidago in Kentucky. Castanea, 7, 1, 7-10.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1942). Forests of the Cumberland Mountains. Ecological Monographs, 12, 4, 413-447.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1942). Notes on Kentucky Plants VI: The Genus Solidago in Kentucky. Castanea, 7, 1, 7-10.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1942). A NEW SPECIES AND A NEW VARIETY OF SOLIDAGO FROM KENTUCKY. Rhodora, 44, 517, 1-4.

Braun, E. L. (January 01, 1942). Notes on Kentucky Plants VI: The Genus Solidago in Kentucky. Castanea, 7, 1, 7-10.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1947). Development of the Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America. Ecological Monographs, 17, 2, 211-219.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1947). Development of the Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America. Ecological Monographs, 17, 2, 211-219.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1947). Development of the Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America. Ecological Monographs, 17, 2, 211-219.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1947). Development of the Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America. Ecological Monographs, 17, 2, 211-219.

Dr. E. Lucy Braun Receives Award. (March 01, 1953). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 34, 1, 9-11.

Braun, E. L. (June 01, 1955). The Phytogeography of Unglaciated Eastern United States and Its Interpretation. Botanical Review, 21, 6, 297-375.

Braun, E. L. (June 01, 1955). The Phytogeography of Unglaciated Eastern United States and Its Interpretation. Botanical Review, 21, 6, 297-375.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1956). The Development of Association and Climax Concepts: Their Use in Interpretation of the Deciduous Forest. American Journal of Botany, 43, 10, 906-911.

Braun, E. L. (May 01, 1956). VARIATION IN POLEMONIUM REPTANS. Rhodora, 58, 689, 103-116.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1956). GROWTH HABITS OF ARABIS PERSTELLATA. Rhodora, 58, 694, 292-295.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1956). The Development of Association and Climax Concepts: Their Use in Interpretation of the Deciduous Forest. American Journal of Botany, 43, 10, 906-911.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1957). Dentaria laciniata from Seed. Rhodora, 59, 706, 267-269.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1964). Erythronium rostratum in Southern Ohio. Castanea, 29, 4, 185-186.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1964). MICHELIELLA VERTICILLATA IN OHIO. Rhodora, 66, 767, 275-277.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1964). Erythronium rostratum in Southern Ohio. Castanea, 29, 4, 185-186.

Braun, E. L. (December 01, 1964). Erythronium rostratum in Southern Ohio. Castanea, 29, 4, 185-186.

Braun, E. L. (July 01, 1976). TWO MEMBERS OF THE RUBIACEAE NEW TO OHIO. Rhodora, 78, 815, 549-551.

E. Lucy Braun Award: Amy Daum Rosemond. (December 01, 1991). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 72, 4, 242-243.

Eyster-Smith, N. M., Boutton, T. W., Hayes, D. C., Middleton, B., & Miyanishi, K. (December 01, 1992). E. Lucy Braun Award: Jennifer Haaser Mattei. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 73, 4, 278.

E. Lucy Braun Award: Rebecca A. Reed. (December 01, 1993). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 74, 4, 285.

E. Lucy Braun Award: Karen Kandl. (December 01, 1994). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 75, 4.)

E. Lucy Braun Award: Stephen M. Ogle. (December 01, 1995). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 76, 4.)

E. Lucy Braun Award — Andrew P. Beckerman. (January 01, 1997). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 78, 1, 24.

E. Lucy Braun Award: Andrew P. Beckerman. (January 01, 1997). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 78, 1.)

E. Lucy Braun Award: Caren C. Dymond. (January 01, 1998). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 79, 1.)

Bolgiano, C. (January 01, 1998). E. Lucy Braun: Grandmother of Eastern Old-Growth Studies. Wild Earth, 8, 3, 84-86.

Dymond, C. C. (January 01, 1998). E Lucy Braun Award. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 79, 1, 35.

Webster, K. L. (January 01, 1999). SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – E. Lucy Braun Award. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 80, 1, 22.

SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – Murray F Buell Award/E Lucy Braun Award — LynnAdler/Dylan Parry. (January 01, 2000). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 81, 1, 28.

Braun, D. (July 01, 2001). Russellianism and Prediction. Philosophical Studies: an International Journal for Philosophy in the Analytic Tradition, 105, 1, 59-105.

SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – E Lucy Braun Award — David Lytle. (January 01, 2001). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 82, 1, 34.

Golubski, A. J. (January 01, 2002). SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – E. Lucy Braun Award. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 83, 1, 22.

Hawkins, T. S. (September 01, 2006). A Forest Transect of Pine Mountain, Kentucky: Changes Since E. Lucy Braun and Chestnut Blight. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science, 67, 2, 73-80.

Jarosz, L. (November 01, 2009). Energy, Climate Change, Meat, and Markets: Mapping the Coordinates of the Current World Food Crisis. Geography Compass, 3, 6, 2065-2083.

Braun, G. (January 01, 2011). “A great break in the common course of confession”: narrating loss in Charlotte Brontë’s Villette. Elh, 78, 1, 189-212.

Budd, L., Bell, M., & Warren, A. (April 01, 2011). Maintaining the sanitary border: air transport liberalisation and health security practices at UK regional airports. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 36, 2, 268-279.

Hoole, L., & Morgan, S. (March 01, 2011). ‘It’s only right that we get involved’: service-user perspectives on involvement in learning disability services. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 39, 1, 5-10.

Jaimes, N., Chen, L., Dusza, S. W., Carrera, C., Puig, S., Thomas, L., Kelly, J. W., … Marghoob, A. A. (April 01, 2013). Clinical and Dermoscopic Characteristics of Desmoplastic Melanomas. Jama Dermatology, 149, 4, 413.

Player, L., Mackenzie, L., Willis, K., & Loh, S. Y. (August 01, 2014). Women’s experiences of cognitive changes or ‘chemobrain’ following treatment for breast cancer: A role for occupational therapy?. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 61, 4, 230-240.

ABOUT LUCY BRAUN

Braun, Dr. E(mma) Lucy. (January 01, 1933). American Men of Science : a Biographical Directory.

Dr. E. Lucy Braun Receives Award. (March 01, 1953). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 34, 1, 9-11.

E. Lucy Braun Award — Andrew P. Beckerman. (January 01, 1997). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 78, 1, 24.

E. Lucy Braun Award: Amy Daum Rosemond. (December 01, 1991). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 72, 4, 242-243.

E. Lucy Braun Award: Andrew P. Beckerman. (January 01, 1997). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 78, 1.)

E. Lucy Braun Award: Caren C. Dymond. (January 01, 1998). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 79, 1.)

E. Lucy Braun Award: Karen Kandl. (December 01, 1994). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 75, 4.)

E. Lucy Braun Award: Rebecca A. Reed. (December 01, 1993). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 74, 4, 285.

E. Lucy Braun Award: Stephen M. Ogle. (December 01, 1995). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 76, 4.)

Dr. Thomas Barnes/University of Kentucky, & Barnes, Dr. Thomas G.;. (1980). Short’s Goldenrod. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – E Lucy Braun Award — David Lytle. (January 01, 2001). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 82, 1, 34.

SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – Murray F Buell Award/E Lucy Braun Award — Lynn Adler/Dylan Parry. (January 01, 2000). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 81, 1, 28.

Benbow-Pfalzgraf, T. (2000). American women writers: A critical reference guide, from colonial times to the present. Detroit: St. James Press.

Bolgiano, C. (January 01, 1998). E. Lucy Braun: Grandmother of Eastern Old-Growth Studies. Wild Earth, 8, 3, 84-86.

Bonta, M. (1995). American women afield: Writings by pioneering women naturalists. College Station, Tex: Texas A & M University.

Botanical Society of America., & In Steere, W. C. (1958). Fifty years of botany: Golden jubilee volume of the Botanical Society of America. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1940). An Ecological Transect of Black Mountain, Kentucky. Ecological Monographs, 10, 2, 193-241.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1927). Ophioglossum Engelmanni Prantl in Ohio. American Fern Journal, 17, 4, 138.

Braun, E. L. (October 01, 1938). Deciduous Forest Climaxes. Ecology, 19, 4, 515-542.

Braun, E. L. (April 01, 1936). Notes on Kentucky Plants I. The Journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Club, 1, 4, 41-45.

Braun, E. L. (June 01, 1931). A Hybrid Lobelia. Botanical Gazette, 91, 4, 462-463.

Braun, E. L. (1950). Map of forest regions and sections: Deciduous forest formation. New York: Blakiston Co.

Braun, E. L. (1950). [Tuliptree]. S.l: s.n.

Braun, E. L., Simons, C. M., & University of Cincinnati. (1923). A key to the deciduous trees of Ohio, native and planted, in winter condition.

Braun, E. L., & Stuckey, R. L. (2001). E. Lucy Braun (1889-1971): Ohio’s foremost woman botanist : her studies of prairies and their phytogeographical relationships : an anthology of papers. Columbus, Ohio: RLS Creations.

Chapman, A. G., & Kellogg, L. F. (1900). Major original forest types and prairie of the central states region. United States?: s.n..

Dymond, C. C. (January 01, 1998). E Lucy Braun Award. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 79, 1, 35.

Ecological Society of America., Shelford, V. E., & Shreve, F. (1926). Naturalist’s guide to the Americas. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.

Eyster-Smith, N. M., Boutton, T. W., Hayes, D. C., Middleton, B., & Miyanishi, K. (December 01, 1992). E. Lucy Braun Award: Jennifer Haaser Mattei. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 73, 4, 278.

Golubski, A. J. (January 01, 2002). SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – E. Lucy Braun Award. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 83, 1, 22.

Grinstein, L. S., Biermann, C. A., & Rose, R. K. (1997). Women in the biological sciences: A biobibliographic sourcebook. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Hawkins, T. S. (September 01, 2006). A Forest Transect of Pine Mountain, Kentucky: Changes Since E. Lucy Braun and Chestnut Blight. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science, 67, 2, 73-80.

Hightower-Langston, D. (2002). A to Z of American women leaders and activists. New York: Facts on File.

Leuzzi, L. (2000). Life connections: Pioneers in ecology. New York: Franklin Watts.

Mendelsohn, E., & Baigrie, B. S. (2001). Life sciences in the twentieth century: Biographical portraits. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

O’Dea, S., Richards, A. W., & Collins, S. M. (2006). From suffrage to the Senate: America’s political women : an encyclopedia of leaders, causes & issues. Millerton, NY: Grey House Pub.

Sicherman, B., & Green, C. H. (1980). Notable American women: The modern period : a biographical dictionary. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Simons, C. M., Wilson, O. T., Becktle, Braun, E. L., Benedict, H. M., & University of Cincinnati. (1921). Laboratory manual.

Stuckey, R. L., & Michigan botanist. (1973). E. Lucy Braun (1889-1971): Outstanding botanist and conservationist : a biographical sketch, with bibliography. Place of publication not identified: Michigan Botanist.

Stuckey, R. L., & Symposium: The Eastern Deciduous Forest Since E. Lucy Braun 1950. (1994). E. Lucy Braun, Ohio’s foremost woman botanist: A collection of biographical accounts, maps and photos. Knoxville, Tenn: Botanical Society of America.

Wayne, T. K. (2011). American women of science since 1900. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO.

Webster, K. L. (January 01, 1999). SOCIETY ACTIONS – Awards – E. Lucy Braun Award. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 80, 1, 22.

Women in Science. 29 West 35th St New York NY 10001: Routledge. p. 173. ISBN 0-415-92038-8.

“Author Query for ‘E.L.Braun'”. International Plant Names Index.

Notable American Women, the Modern Period: A Biographical Dictionary (1980) ed. Barbara Sicherman and Carol Hurd Green with Ilene Kantrov and Harriet Walker. Harvard University Press.

Braun, Emma Lucy, in Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists: Chrono-Biographical Sketches, accessed April 4, 2012

Braun, E. (Emma) Lucy, in The Free Dictionary by Farlex, accessed April 4, 2012

E. Lucy Braun (1889-1971) : Ohio’s foremost woman botanist : her studies of prairies and their phytogeographical relationships : an anthology of papers by E Lucy Braun; Ronald L Stuckey.