Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 09: BIOGRAPHY – Students
Series 19: STUDENTS
Hattie Sturgill, Student, 1938-1943
Hattie Faye Sturgill (born c. 1922)


Grace Rood Album II. Far left: Hattie Fay Sturgill. Far right: Grace Rood. [rood_113.jpg]

HATTIE STURGILL, Student, 1938 – 1943

TAGS: Hattie Sturgill, Hattie Faye Sturgill, Maxilyn Moon, James Sturgill, Pine Mountain Settlement School, students, settlement schools, Margie Sturgill, school records, teacher reports, student application blanks, Riley Sturgill, Nora (Baker) Sturgill, Sturgill family, Pine Mountain KY, Harlan County KY,  Delphia KY, Viper KY, Perry County KY

Hattie Faye Sturgill, one of three children in the Riley Sturgill family to attend Pine Mountain Settlement School, appears to have been more active in the School’s activities than were her siblings, James and Margie.

Examples of her extra-curricular pursuits are recorded in various documents in the PMSS Archives. According to The Conifer 1941, page 17, Hattie wrote a scene for the Co-op play, “Cooperation Around the World,” which was reprinted in The Conifer with the title, “Kagawa in the Slums.”

During the years Hattie was a student, she worked with Grace Rood at the School Infirmary, according to the listing of Boarding School Students.

A script of the Community Group Assembly on May 20, 1942, casts Hattie as “Master of Ceremonies,” introducing each of seven students who described the work of the Community Group and the Co-op program at Pine Mountain. Their narratives were to accompany a film made by Virginia and Ray Garner, who were contracted through the Harmon Foundation to film the unique educational program activities at the School. One of the participants, Flora Mae Ford, a school visitor, described a project assisted by Hattie:

At one of the schools, the children were thrilled at doing some real acting in front of a movie camera. Very willingly did they go over and over singing games — with Hattie leading — and Mr. [Ray] Garner grinding away at the camera crank.

The program for the  Class of 1942 Commencement lists Hattie as one of the students who participated in the ceremony.

Hattie graduated from Pine Mountain Settlement School in 1943, but the School lost track of her after she left.


As with all of the Student Application Blanks that were submitted to Pine Mountain Settlement School and stored in the School’s archives, the Sturgill siblings’ applications contain a wealth of information about who they were and how they lived.

According to Hattie’s application, she was born the fourth child in a family of nine children in Viper (Perry County), Kentucky, in 1922. As of the 1940 U.S. Census, the two oldest sisters were Oma (deceased; born in c. 1918) and Zola (age 21), who was married and working as a housemaid in Hazard.  Marjorie (“Margie,” 17) attended PMSS from 1939 to 1940, then returned to live at home. Hattie (18) was a boarding student at Pine Mountain (1938-1943). The brothers were James (14), Bernis (11), Merril (7), Roger (4) and Jackie Howard Sturgill (2).

The family lived at Delphia, Kentucky, in Perry County where her father, Riley Sturgill, (born c. 1891), worked on a rented farm of 400 acres as well as on building roads and at a lumber yard. Her mother, Nora (Baker) Sturgill (born in 1906), kept house. The main crops on the farm were corn, potatoes and beans. They had “5 head of stock.” The family lived in a 4-room log house that was heated by “grates” and lighted by kerosene. They got their water from a well.


“Hattie Sturgill,” nurse at Line Fork Settlement, 1937-41. Lutrella Baker Album. [line_fork_007c.jpg]

Editors of the PMSS Collections have greatly appreciated the helpful information and support that Randall Moon, Hattie Faye Sturgill’s son, has provided during the production of the Sturgill Family pages.

In this case, he has identified the Collection’s photo of a nurse in uniform as his mother. He writes the following in an email dated May 10, 2017:

My mother, Hattie Faye Sturgill as she was known then, but Maxilyn for the rest of her life, had just graduated from an LVN [licensed vocational nurse] program in California, about 1958 or 1960 when she was Maxilyn Moon. She may have sent PMSS the picture as part of her correspondence with the school in requesting transcripts. 




Hattie Sturgill: GALLERY


Hattie Sturgill

Alt. Title

Hattie Fay Sturgill ; Hattie Faye Sturgill ; Maxilyn Moon ;




Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY

Alt. Creator

Ann Angel Eberhardt ; Helen Hayes Wykle ;

Subject Keyword

Hattie Sturgill ; Pine Mountain Settlement School ;Hattie Sturgill; Hattie Faye Sturgill; Maxilyn Moon; James Sturgill; Pine Mountain Settlement School; students; settlement schools; Hattie Sturgill; Margie Sturgill; school records; teachers; teacher reports; student application blanks; Riley Sturgill; Nora (Baker) Sturgill; Sturgill Family; Pine Mountain, KY; Harlan County, KY;  Delphia, KY; Viper, KY; Perry County, KY

Subject LCSH

Sturgill, Hattie, — c. 1922 – (?)
Pine Mountain Settlement School (Pine Mountain, Ky.) — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian Region, Southern.


2018-06-29 HW


Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY


Randall Moon, son of Hattie Sturgill


Collections ; text ; image ;


Original and copies of documents and correspondence in file folders in filing cabinet.


Series 09: Biography – Students and Series 19: Students




Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School Collections, Series 09: Biography – Students and Series 19: Students.

Coverage Temporal

c. 1922 – 1952

Coverage Spatial

Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Delphia, KY ; Perry County, KY ;


Any display, publication, or public use must credit the Pine Mountain Settlement School. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.




Core documents, correspondence, writings, and administrative papers of Hattie Sturgill ; clippings, photographs, books by or about Hattie Sturgill ;




“[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.

Processed By

Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;

Last Updated

2202-09-20 aae ;



“Hattie Sturgill” – 1942 COMMENCEMENT1943 GRADUATING CLASS; BOARDING SCHOOL STUDENTS 1929-1949; COMMUNITY GROUP ASSEMBLY May 20, 1942, HATTIE STURGILL Correspondence. Series 09: Biography – Students and Series 19: Students. Pine Mountain Settlement School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.

“United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K7Y2-8GQ : accessed 4 July 2018), Hattie Sturgill in household of Riley Sturgill, Magisterial District 7, Perry, Kentucky, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 97-30, sheet 28A, line 15, family 396, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 – 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 1349. Internet resource.

See Also:
JAMES STURGILL Student Biography

MARGIE STURGILL Student Biography


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