Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 05: Governance – Board of Trustees
Series 09: Biography – Trustees
PATRICK ANGEL, Trustee 1998 – 2008
TAGS: Patrick Angel, Patrick Nicholas Angel, Patrick N. Angel, Angel family, PMSS Board of Trustees, mine reclamation, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE), reforestation of surface mines, Bill Hayes
Patrick Angel was one of three members of the Angel family who have been Pine Mountain Settlement School Trustees. Patrick served from 1998 until 2008, beginning only a few years after his father, August Angel, was elected in 1996 as a member of the Board but became too ill to serve. Following the examples of her father and brother, Ann Angel Eberhardt, served as a Trustee from 2008 until 2013 and as an Honorary Trustee since then. Ann has also been co-archivist for the PMSS Collections and co-editor of the PMSS Collections website, along with her cousin and longtime Board member, Helen Hayes Wykle.
Patrick Angel: Other Family Connections
Patrick has a long history of familial connections with Pine Mountain Settlement School. In various ways, members of his immediate family and many from the Hall family on his mother’s side have been involved with the School. His mother, Susie Hall, and most of her eight siblings from Viper, Kentucky, were PMSS boarding students in the 1930s. During the time that Susie was a student, Patrick’s father, August Angel, just graduated from Miami (Ohio) University in 1933, was hired by the School’s director, Rev. Glyn Morris, to teach science and printing and help establish the School’s print shop. Patrick’s mother and father were married by Morris in the School’s Chapel two years after Susie Hall graduated in 1934.
August’s years as PMSS teacher were 1934-1938, and 1940-1943. Part of that time Susie worked as a housemother. In later years, August was treasurer for the Pine Mountain Alumni and Friends Association. Pat’s brother, Michael, acted as a consultant for PMSS when Far House II was under construction. He has also donated several pieces of his handcrafted furniture to the School.
Patrick Angel: Professional Background
Dr. Patrick Angel, a native of eastern Kentucky, had been employed by the United States Department of Interior, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) in London, Kentucky. He retired in 2020.
His career with the federal government began in 1978 while working for the Kentucky Division of Reclamation and the University of Kentucky. The Surface Mine Reclamation Technicians he was hired to train were the first federal inspectors to implement and enforce SMCRA in 1978.
Patrick was a protégé of Bill Hayes, who was a longtime and dedicated associate of Pine Mountain Settlement School, a strong conservationist, and an unyielding enforcement officer of the state and federal laws designed to control an out-of-control strip mining industry. Bill mentored Patrick during his early years and the two had the distinction of being the first regulators sent to the coalfields by the Federal government to enforce the federal law to protect the environment and the citizens of the Appalachian coalfields from the abuses of the surface mining industry. At the time, Bill’s badge number was No. 1 and Patrick’s was No. 2. Together, they issued the first federal cessation order under the law in 1978 for a life-threatening landslide caused by a rogue strip mine operation in Harlan County, Kentucky. The closure order was issued by Patrick and Bill against orders from headquarters in Washington, DC, not to do so. Patrick continued with OSMRE to supervise the enforcement of SMCRA in the coalfields of Appalachia, carrying on the conservation ethics and teachings of Bill Hayes.
During much of the last half of his 42-year service with the federal government, Dr. Angel served as the Senior Forester and Soil Scientist for OSMRE where he promoted reforestation partnerships on active surface mines through the Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative (ARRI).
Patrick is a co-founder with Dr. Chris Barton with the University of Kentucky of the non-profit conservation organization called Green Forests Work (GFW). GFW is an economic development initiative for Appalachia styled after the Civilian Conservation Corps of the 1930s. GFW focuses on restoring ecosystem services on mine-scarred lands and creating jobs in the process. For more information on ARRI and GFW see https://arri.osmre.gov/ and www.greenforestswork.org.
He is a graduate of Stephen F. Austin State University (Nacogdoches, Texas) with a BS and MS in Forestry. In the 1990s he graduated from the University of Kentucky in Lexington with a Ph.D. in Soil Science. The focus of his studies was the reforestation of surface mines.
Patrick and his family have lived many years on a farm in London, Kentucky, where he raises a flock of sheep and bees for honey in his retirement.
Return to BIOGRAPHY – A-Z
|Alt. Title||Pat Angel ; Patrick Nicholas Angel ; Patrick N. Angel ;|
|Creator||Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY|
|Alt. Creator||Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt|
|Subject Keyword||Patrick Angel ; Pat Angel ; Patrick Nicholas Angel ; |
Patrick N. Angel ; Angel family ; PMSS Board of
Trustees ; mine reclamation ; Office of Surface
Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) ;
reforestation of surface mines ; Bill Hayes ; Hall
family ; Glyn Morris ; Pine Mountain Alumni and
Friends Association ; Green Forests Work (GFW) ;
|Subject LCSH||Angel, Patrick, — b. 1949.|
Pine Mountain (Ky.) Settlement School — History.
Harlan County (Ky.) — History.
Education — Kentucky — Harlan County.
Rural schools — Kentucky — History.
Schools — Appalachian
Reclamation of land — Kentucky.
|Publisher||Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY|
|Type||Collections ; text ; image ;|
|Format||Original and copies of documents and correspondence in |
file folders in
|Source||Series 05: Governance – Board of Trustees and |
Series 09: Biography – Trustees.
|Relation||Is related to: Pine Mountain Settlement School |
Collections, Series 05: Governance – Board of Trustees
and Series 09: Biography – Trustees.
|1949 – 2020|
|Pine Mountain, KY ; Harlan County, KY ; Viper, KY ; |
Miami, OH ; London, KY ; Nacogdoches, TX ; Lexington, KY ;
|Rights||Any display, publication or public use must |
Copyright retained by the creators of certain items
by United States copyright law.
|Description||Core documents, correspondence, writings and |
administrative papers created by or addressed to
Patrick Angel; clippings, photographs, publications,
illustrations by or about Patrick Angel.
|Citation||“[Identification of Item],” [Collection Name] [Series |
Number, if applicable]. Pine Mountain Settlement
School Institutional Papers. Pine Mountain
Settlement School, Pine Mountain, KY.
|Processed By||Helen Hayes Wykle ; Ann Angel Eberhardt ;|
|Bibliography||Angel, Patrick, and Mary B. Adams. The Forestry Reclamation |
Approach: Guide to Successful Reforestation of Mined Lands,
2017. Internet resource.
Angel, Patrick N. A Soil Analysis of the Strip Mine Spoil Bank at
Fairfield, Texas, 1973. Print.
Angel, Patrick N, and Christopher D. Barton. Forest
Establishment and Water Quality Characteristics As
Influenced by Spoil Type on a Loose-Graded Surface Mine
in Eastern Kentucky. Lexington, Ky: publisher not identified,
Taylor, Timothy J, Carmen T. Agouridis, Richard C. Warner,
Christopher D. Barton, and Patrick N. Angel. “Hydrologic
Characteristics of Appalachian Loose-Dumped Spoil in
the Cumberland Plateau of Eastern Kentucky.” Hydrological
Processes. 23.23 (2009): 3372-3381. Print.