Pine Mountain Settlement School
Series 11: Farm
USDA Essential Foods
A STUDY OF ESSENTIAL FOODS PRODUCED AT PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL: based on the USA Dep’t of Agriculture Farm Security Administration Studies for a Family. 1947
Presented to the Board Executive Committee, Sept. 17, 1947. Based on the needs of one person per annum, and taking 118 as our norm per year. [Contributor is unknown]
The essential foods produced at Pine Mountain in 1947 included:
No cereals raised at the School
No sweets produced at the School
Note: By 1947 Sorghum, Maple Sugar and Honey were excluded from production at the School.
A STUDY OF ESSENTIAL FOODS PRODUCED AT PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL 
BASED ON THE USA DEP’T OF AGRICULTURE
FARM SECURITY ADMINISTRATION STUDIES FOR A FAMILY
Presented to the Board [of Trustees] Executive Committee
Sept. 17, 1947
Based on the needs of one person per annum, and taking 118 as our norm per year.
a. 10,800 gals. per year produced, divided by 118 equals … 91 gals. per
Standard is 90 gals per
b. No butter is produced at the School, but assuming we could we would require 8850 additional gals. of milk to produce the standard needs of 118 people or an addition to our milking herd of ten cows.
12 dozen per day or a total of 4320 dozen per year are produced as the average.
Standard for 118 people requires 2950 dozen per annum.
10 hogs @ 250 lbs. ea. equals 2500 lbs pork.
3 beef @ 650 lbs ea. equals 1950 lbs. beef … total of 4450 lbs meat
Standard requires for 118 persons, 14,750 lbs.
Our fat and bacon approximate 1/2 of our requirements by this standard.
At the School we produce old and young chickens for eating 895 lbs per annum
Standard set up for a school of 118 persons is 14,160 lbs.
4. POTATOES … raise annually usually 200 bushel for 116 persons or 1.7 bu each. Standard set is 5 bu.
Dried beans or dried peas —- none raised for threshing
Canned tomatoes ….. 720 qts. or 6 per person. … Standard is 22 qts. each
Canned beans, usually 1500 qts. or 13 qts. per person … 118
Standard set is 36 per person
No canned meats, fowl, fish are attempted at the School
5. No CEREAL for eating is raised at the School …
Standard is one bushal each.
6. No SWEETS are produced at the School …
Standard set is 50-60 lbs of sirups, honey, etc,
this includes the sugar used for canning.
GALLERY – Document of Essential Foods Produced at PMSS